Verticillin A increases the BIM EL/MCL-1 ratio to overcome ABT-737-resistance in human colon cancer cells by targeting the MEK/ERK pathway

ABT-737, a small molecule BH-3 mimetic, is less effective against human colon cancers due to its resistance. Verticillin A is a natural compound, which was previously purified from verticillium-infected mushrooms. Hence, we aimed at overcoming the ABT737 resistance observed in CRC tumors by combining Verticillin A with ABT-737 and figuring out the potential mechanism. In this study, we observed that Verticillin A could sensitize colon cancer to ABT-737-induced cell death through induction of mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis. Verticillin A could significantly increase the BIMEL/MCL-1 ratio to overcome ABT737 resistance through the suppression of the MEK/ERK pathway. In addition, up-regulation of BIM protein levels to activate BAX translocation results in apoptosis induction. Altogether, our work suggested the potential application of Verticillin A as a MEK inhibitor in BH3-mimetic-based therapy.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S1002 ABT-737 ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic inhibitor of Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and Bcl-w with EC50 of 78.7 nM, 30.3 nM and 197.8 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibition observed against Mcl-1, Bcl-B or Bfl-1. ABT-737 induces mitochondrial pathway apoptosis and mitophagy. Phase 2.

Related Targets

Mitophagy Autophagy Bcl-2 Apoptosis related