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The SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 suppresses mTOR activation and alleviates acute lung injury in mice with endotoxiemia

It is generally regarded that Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a longevity factor in mammals, acts as a negative regulator of inflammation. However, recent studies also found that SIRT1 might be a detrimental factor under certain inflammatory circumstance. In this study, the potential pathophysiological roles and the underlying mechanisms of SIRT1 in a mouse model with endotoxemia-associated acute lung injury were investigated. The results indicated that treatment with the selective SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 suppressed LPS-induced elevation of TNF-α and IL-6 in plasma. Treatment with EX-527 attenuated LPS-induced histological abnormalities in lung tissue, which was accompanied with decreased myeloperoxidase level and suppressed induction of tissue factor and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Treatment with EX-527also suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1). Co-administration of a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) activator 3-benzyl-5-[(2-nitrophenoxy) methyl]-dihydrofuran-2 (3H)-one (3BDO) abolished the inhibitory effects of EX-527 on 4E-BP1 phosphorylation. Meanwhile, the inhibitory effects of EX-527 on IL-6 induction and the beneficial effects of EX-527 on lung injury were partially reversed by 3BDO. This study suggests that selective inhibition of SIRT1 by EX-527 might alleviate endotoxemia-associated acute lung injury partially via suppression of mTOR, which implies that SIRT1 selective inhibitors might have potential value for the pharmacological intervention of inflammatory lung injury.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S1541 Selisistat (EX 527) Selisistat (EX 527) is a potent and selective SIRT1 inhibitor with IC50 of 38 nM in a cell-free assay, exhibits >200-fold selectivity against SIRT2 and SIRT3. Phase 2. (63) (5)

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