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Poziotinib suppresses ovarian cancer stem cell growth via inhibition of HER4-mediated STAT5 pathway

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological malignancy, with an overall 5-year survival rate of only 30%. EOC is associated with drug resistance, frequent recurrence, and poor prognosis. A major contributor toward drug resistance might be cancer stem cells (CSCs), which may remain after chemotherapy. Here, we aimed to find therapeutic agents that target ovarian CSCs. We performed a high-throughput screening using the Clinical Compound Library with a sphere culture of A2780 EOCs. Poziotinib, a pan-human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) inhibitor, decreased sphere formation, viability, and proliferation, and induced G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in ovarian CSCs. In addition, poziotinib suppressed stemness and disrupted downstream signaling of Wnt/β-catenin, Notch, and Hedgehog pathways, which contribute to many characteristics of CSCs. Interestingly, HER4 was overexpressed in ovarian CSCs and Poziotinib reduced the phosphorylation of STAT5, AKT, and ERK, which are regulated by HER4. Our results suggest that HER4 may be a promising therapeutic target for ovarian CSCs, and that poziotinib may be an effective therapeutic option for the prevention of ovarian cancer recurrence.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S7358 Poziotinib (HM781-36B) Poziotinib (HM781-36B, NOV120101) is an irreversible pan-HER inhibitor with IC50 of 3.2 nM, 5.3 nM and 23.5 nM for HER1, HER2, and HER4, respectively. Poziotinib also induces apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest. Phase 2. (10)

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