Etofibrate

For research use only.

Catalog No.S4264

Etofibrate Chemical Structure

CAS No. 31637-97-5

Etofibrate is a combination of clofibrate and niacin, used to treat hyperlipemia.

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Biological Activity

Description Etofibrate is a combination of clofibrate and niacin, used to treat hyperlipemia.
In vitro

Etofibrate treatment heightens the cytosolic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and the total carnitine concentration in the liver of rats, whereas it reduces triacylglycerol and cholesterol concentrations. [1] Etofibrate decreases plasma levels of cholesterol, triacylglycerols, free fatty acids (FFA) and glycerol, as well as the total and unesterified cholesterol concentrations, in liver microsomes of rats. Etofibrate increases the activity of liver cytosolic glycerol-3-P dehydrogenase in the rats, whereas it decreases the activity of both microsomal HMG-CoA reductase and cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase and does not affect acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). Etofibrate decreases the availability of lipolytic products in the liver by acting on their release from adipose tissue and on their intrinsic hepatic metabolism. [2] Etofibrate stimulates the rate of fatty acid re-esterification when incubations are done under basal conditions in epididymal fat pad pieces from fed rats. [3]

In vivo Etofibrate (1.2 mM/g) decreases plasma FFA levels in male Sprague-Dawley rats, Etofibrate enhances or decreases plasma glycerol levels depending on both the dose and the time after treatment. [3] Etofibrate (200 mg/kg) causes a significant inhibition of the proliferation of the smooth muscle cells in the intimal proliferate which consequently results in a less pronounced plaque in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis. [4]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 73 mg/mL (200.66 mM)
Ethanol 73 mg/mL (200.66 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 363.79
Formula

C18H18ClNO5

CAS No. 31637-97-5
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Smiles CC(C)(C(=O)OCCOC(=O)C1=CN=CC=C1)OC2=CC=C(C=C2)Cl

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID