For research use only.
Catalog No.S1756 Synonyms: AT-2266, CI919, Pd107779, NSC 629661
Molecular Weight(MW): 320.32
Enoxacin is an oral broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent by inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, used to treat a wide variety of infections.
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Choose Selective Topoisomerase Inhibitors
|Description||Enoxacin is an oral broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent by inhibiting bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, used to treat a wide variety of infections.|
Enoxacin, a fluoroquinolone used as an antibacterial compound, enhances the production of miRNAs with tumor suppressor functions by binding to the miRNA biosynthesis protein TAR RNA-binding protein 2 (TRBP).  Enoxacin binds to the DNA active site and alters the breakage/reunion activity of the enzyme. Enoxacin stimulates cleavage of both relaxed and supercoiled forms of DNA in the absence of ATP, whereas CcdB induces cleavage only after many cycles of ATP-dependent breakage and reunion.  Enoxacin dose dependently reduces the number of osteoclasts differentiating in mouse marrow cultures stimulated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), as well as markers of osteoclast activity, and the number of resorption lacunae formed on bone slices. Enoxacin inhibits osteoclast formation at concentrations where osteoblast formation is not altered.  Enoxacin dose-dependently reduces the number of multinuclear cells expressing tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity produced by RANK-L-stimulated osteoclast precursors. Enoxacin directly inhibits osteoclast formation without affecting cell viability by a novel mechanism that involves changes in posttranslational processing and trafficking of several proteins with known roles in osteoclast function.  Enoxacin is able to decrease cell viability, induce apoptosis, cause cell cycle arrest, and inhibit the invasiveness of prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines. Enoxacin is also effective in restoring the global expression of miRNAs in prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines. 
-  Sessa WC, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A,?011, 108(11), 4394-4399.
-  Scheirer KE, et al. J Biol Chem,?997, 272(43), 27202-27209.
-  Ostrov DA, et al. J Med Chem,?009, 52(16), 5144-5151.
|In vitro||DMSO||32 mg/mL (99.9 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||AT-2266, CI919, Pd107779, NSC 629661|
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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