Amonafide

Catalog No.S1367 Synonyms: NSC308847,AS1413

For research use only.

Amonafide (NSC308847, AS1413) produces protein-associated DNA-strand breaks through a topoisomerase II-mediated reaction, but does not produce topoisomerase I-mediated DNA cleavage. Phase 3.

Amonafide Chemical Structure

CAS No. 69408-81-7

Selleck's Amonafide has been cited by 6 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description Amonafide (NSC308847, AS1413) produces protein-associated DNA-strand breaks through a topoisomerase II-mediated reaction, but does not produce topoisomerase I-mediated DNA cleavage. Phase 3.
Targets
Topo II [1]
In vitro

Through a topoisomerase II-mediated reaction, Amonafide treatment produces DNA single-strand breaks (SSB), double-strand breaks (DSB), and DNA-protein cross-links in human myeloid leukemia cells. Amonafide treatment inhibits conlony formation of the leukemic cell lines and the normal human bone marrow GM-CFC in a dose-dependent manner. Amonafide does not produce topoisomerase I-mediated DNA cleavage even at 100 μM. The m-AMSA-resistant line is less than 2-fold resistant to Amonafide [1] Amonafide interferes with the DNA breakage-reunion activity of mammalian DNA topoisomerase II resulting in DNA cleavage stimulation. [2] Compared with those of other antitumor drugs, Amonafide-stimulated cleavage intensity patterns are markedly different. Amonafide highly prefers a cytosine, and excludes guanines and thymines instead, at position -1, with lower preference for an adenine at position +1. [3] Topoisomerase II-mediated DNA cleavage induced by Amonafide is affected only slightly (less than 3-fold) by 1 mM ATP, suggeting that Amonafide is an ATP-insensitive topoisomerase II inhibitor in contrast to doxorubicin, etoposide, and mitoxantrone. [4] Amonafide significantly inhibits the growth of HT-29, HeLa, and PC3 cells with IC50 of 4.67 μM, 2.73 μM, and 6.38 μM, respectively. [5] Amonafide is unaffected by P-glycoprotein-mediated efflux, unlike those of the classical topoisomerase II inhibitors (daunorubicin, doxorubicin, idarubicin, etoposide, and mitoxantrone). [6]

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:[5]
  • Cell lines: HT-29, HeLa, and PC3
  • Concentrations: Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 72 hours
  • Method: All cell lines are in the logarithmic phase of growth when the assay of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) is carried out. Cells are harvested and seeded into 96-well tissue culture plates at a density of 2.5 × 103 cells/well in 150 μL aliquots of medium. The concentrations tested are serial dilutions of a stock solution (10 μM in DMSO) with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and are added 24 hours later. The assay is ended after 72 hours of Amonafide exposure and PBS is used as a negative control. After 72 hours treatment, cells are washed twice with PBS, and then 50 μL/well of MTT reagent (1 mg/mL in PBS) together with 150 μL/well of prewarmed medium are added. The plates are returned to the incubator for 4 hours. Subsequently, DMSO is added as solvent. Absorbance is determined at 570 nm with a Microplate reader. All experiments are performed at least three times, and the average of the percentage absorbance is plotted against concentration. Then, the concentration of Amonafide required to inhibit 50% of cell growth (IC50) is calculated for Amonafide.

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 283.33
Formula

C16H17N3O2

CAS No. 69408-81-7
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CN(C)CCN1C(=O)C2=CC=CC3=CC(=CC(=C32)C1=O)N

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01066494 Unknown status Drug: Amonafide + cytarabine Acute Myeloid Leukemia Antisoma Research January 2010 Phase 2
NCT00273884 Completed Drug: Amonafide L-Malate|Drug: Cytarabine Acute Myeloid Leukemia Xanthus Pharmaceuticals Inc. August 2005 Phase 2
NCT00087854 Completed Drug: Amonafide L-malate (drug) Prostate Cancer Xanthus Pharmaceuticals Inc. March 2004 Phase 1|Phase 2

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2022-01-17)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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