For research use only.
CAS No. 42835-25-6
Flumequine is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic, inhibiting topoisomerase II with IC50 of 15 μM.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Topoisomerase Inhibitors
|Description||Flumequine is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic, inhibiting topoisomerase II with IC50 of 15 μM.|
Flumequine inhibits eukaryotic topoisomerase II, which is responsible for the double-strand DNA breakage reaction as well as bacterial gyrase, inhibitory effects of FL on topoisomerase II are high relative to the influence on bacterial gyrase.  Flumequine has minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranging from 0.06 μg/mL to 32 μg/mL in 12 clinical A. salmonicida isolates. Flumequine enhibits high E(max) values of 16 for the most resistant isolates, which indicates an important contribution of efflux to the resistance phenotype. Flumequine accumulation experiments confirmes that high E(max) values are associated with a much lower level of accumulation. 
|In vivo||Flumequine (4000 ppm, oral diet) induces dose-dependent DNA damage in the stomach, colon, and urinary bladder of adult mice at 3 hours but not at 24 hours after its administration.  Flumequine shows the bioavailability of 44.7% following oral administration of medicated feed in Atlantic salmon. Flumequine results in the volumes of distribution at steady state of 3.5 L/kg, elimination half-life (t 1/2) of 22.8 hours and area under plasma drug concentration-time curve (AUC) of 140 μg×hours/mL following intravenous administration in Atlantic salmon.  Flumequine (100 mg/L) reduces the mean length of root, hypocotyle, cotyledon and the mean number of secondary roots in aquatic weed Lythrum salicaria L.  Flumequine (10 mg/kg, oral) results in the volumes of distribution at steady-state (Vss) of 2.41 L/kg (cod) and 2.15 L/kg (wrasse) following intravenous administration. Total body clearances (Cl) are 0.024 L/h.kg (cod) and 0.14 L/h.kg (wrasse) and the elimination half-lives (t1/2 λ z) are calculated to be 75 hours (cod) and 31 hours (wrasse) after Flumequine (10 mg/kg, oral) administration. The oral bioavailabilities (F) are calculated to be 65% (cod) and 41% (wrasse) following oral administration of Flumequine. |
-  Kashida Y, et al. Toxicol Sci, 2002, 69(2), 317-321.
-  Giraud E, et al. J Med Microbiol, 2004, 53(Pt 9), 895-901.
-  Martinsen B, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1995, 39(5), 1059-1064.
|In vitro||DMSO||3 mg/mL (11.48 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and SDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.