TGF-beta/Smad

Signaling Pathway Map

Research Area

Inhibitory Selectivity

Isoform-specific Inhibitors

TGF-beta/Smad Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1067

SB431542

SB431542 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ALK5 with IC50 of 94 nM in a cell-free assay, 100-fold more selective for ALK5 than p38 MAPK and other kinases.

S2618

LDN-193189

LDN-193189 is a selective BMP signaling inhibitor, inhibits the transcriptional activity of the BMP type I receptors ALK2 and ALK3 with IC50 of 5 nM and 30 nM in C2C12 cells, respectively, exhibits 200-fold selectivity for BMP versus TGF-β.

S2230

Galunisertib (LY2157299)

Galunisertib (LY2157299) is a potent TGFβ receptor I (TβRI) inhibitor with IC50 of 56 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2/3.

S2704

LY2109761

LY2109761 is a novel selective TGF-β receptor type I/II (TβRI/II) dual inhibitor with Ki of 38 nM and 300 nM in a cell-free assay, respectively; shown to negatively affect the phosphorylation of Smad2. LY2109761 blocks autophagy and induces apoptosis.

S1476

SB525334

SB525334 is a potent and selective inhibitor of TGFβ receptor I (ALK5) with IC50 of 14.3 nM in a cell-free assay, 4-fold less potent to ALK4 than ALK5 and inactive to ALK2, 3, and 6.

S7692New

A-83-01

A-83-01 is a potent inhibitor of TGF-β type I receptor (ALK5-TD) with IC50 of 12 nM. A-83-01 also inhibits the transcription induced by activin/nodal type I receptor (ALK4-TD) and nodal type I receptor (ALK7-TD) with IC50 of 45 nM and 7.5 nM, respectively.Solutions are best fresh-prepared.

S5183New

PD 169316

PD 169316 is a potent, selective and cell-permeable p38 MAP kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 89 nM. PD169316 abrogates signaling initiated by both TGFbeta and Activin A. PD169316 shows antiviral activity against Enterovirus71.

S2234New

BIBF-0775

BIBF-0775 is a selective inhibitor of transforming growth factor β Receptor I (TGFβRI,Alk5) with an IC50 of 34nM.

S6713New

ITD-1

ITD-1 is a potent TGF-β inhibitor. It does not block the kinase activity of either type I (TGFBR1) or type II (TGFBR2) TGFβ receptors but potently blocks phosphorylation of the effector SMAD2/3 proteins induced by TGFβ2, and only minimally in response to Activin A.

S2186

SB505124

SB505124 is a selective inhibitor of TGFβR for ALK4, ALK5 with IC50 of 129 nM and 47 nM in cell-free assays, respectively, also inhibits ALK7, but does not inhibit ALK1, 2, 3, or 6.

S7306

Dorsomorphin (Compound C) 2HCl

Dorsomorphin 2HCl (BML-275, Compound C) is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Also inhibits type Ⅰ BMP receptor activity. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy in cancer cell line.

S2907

Pirfenidone

Pirfenidone (S-7701, AMR-69) is an inhibitor for TGF-β production and TGF-β stimulated collagen production, reduces production of TNF-α and IL-1β, and also has anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory properties. Pirfenidone attenuates chemokine (CC motif) ligand-2 (CCL2) and CCL12 production with anti-fibrotic activity. Phase 3.

S2750

GW788388

GW788388 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ALK5 with IC50 of 18 nM in a cell-free assay, also inhibits TGF-β type II receptor and activin type II receptor activities, but does not inhibit BMP type II receptor.

S2805

LY364947

LY364947 is a potent ATP-competitive inhibitor of TGFβR-I with IC50 of 59 nM in a cell-free assay, shows 7-fold selectivity over TGFβR-II.

S7223

RepSox

RepSox is a potent and selective inhibitor of the TGFβR-1/ALK5 with IC50 of 23 nM and 4 nM for ATP binding to ALK5 and ALK5 autophosphorylation in cell-free assays, respectively.

S7507

LDN-193189 2HCl

LDN193189 HCl is the hydrochloride salt of LDN193189, which is a selective BMP signaling inhibitor, and inhibits the transcriptional activity of the BMP type I receptors ALK2 and ALK3 with IC50 of 5 nM and 30 nM in C2C12 cell lines, respectively, 200-fold selectivity for BMP versus TGF-β.

S1576

Sulfasalazine

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.

S7359

K02288

K02288 is a potent, and selective type I BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 1.1, 1.8, 6.4 nM for ALK2, ALK1 and ALK6, showing weaker inhibition on other ALKs (3, 4, 5) and ActRIIA.

S7624

SD-208

SD-208 is a selective TGF-βRI (ALK5) inhibitor with IC50 of 48 nM, >100-fold selectivity over TGF-βRII.

S8700

TP0427736 HCl

TP0427736 is a potent inhibitor of ALK5 kinase activity with an IC50 of 2.72 nM and this effect is 300-fold higher than the inhibitory effect on ALK3 (IC50 = 836 nM for ALK3). It also inhibits Smad2/3 phosphorylation in A549 cells induced by TGF-β1 with an IC50 value of 8.68 nM.

S7627

LDN-214117

LDN-214117 is a potent and selective BMP type I receptor kinase ALK2 inhibitor with IC50 of 24 nM.

S7959

SIS3 HCl

SIS3, a novel specific inhibitor of Smad3, inhibits TGF-β and activin signaling by suppressing Smad3 phosphorylation without affecting the MAPK/p38, ERK, or PI3-kinase signaling pathways.

S8772

LY 3200882

LY 3200882 is a potent, highly selective inhibitor of TGF-β receptor type 1 (TGFβRI). It potently inhibits TGFβ mediated SMAD phosphorylation in vitro in tumor and immune cells and in vivo in subcutaneous tumors in a dose dependent fashion.

S7530

Vactosertib

Vactosertib  (TEW-7197, EW-7197) is a highly potent, selective, and orally bioavailable TGF-β receptor ALK4/ALK5 inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM and 11 nM, respectively. Phase 1.

S7146

DMH1

DMH1 is a selective BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 107.9 nM for ALK2, exhibiting no inhibition on AMPK, ALK5, KDR (VEGFR-2) or PDGFR. DMH1 inhibits autophagy.

S7147

LDN-212854

LDN-212854 is a potent and selective BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 1.3 nM for ALK2, about 2-, 66-, 1641-, and 7135-fold selectivity over ALK1, ALK3, ALK4, and ALK5, respectively.

S7148

ML347

ML347 (LDN-193719) is a selective BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 32 nM for ALK2, >300-fold selectivity over ALK3. Also inhibits ALK1 activity with IC50 of 46 nM.

S8144

Halofuginone

Halofuginone is the competitively inhibitor of prolyl-tRNA synthetase with Ki of 18.3 nM.It could also down-regulate Smad3 and blocked TGF-β signaling at 10 ng/ml in mammal.

S7840

Dorsomorphin (Compound C)

Dorsomorphin is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Dorsomorphin selectively inhibits the BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3 and ALK6. Dorsomorphin is used in promoting specific cell differentiation and inducing cancer cell line autophagy.

S7914

Isoxazole 9 (ISX-9)

Isoxazole 9 (Isx-9) is a synthetic promotor of adult neurogenesis by triggering neuronal differentiation of adult neural stem/precursor cells (NSPCs). Isoxazole 9 (Isx-9) activates multiple pathways including TGF-β induced epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling, canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling at different stages of cardiac differentiation.

S7658

Kartogenin

Kartogenin is an activator of the smad4/smad5 pathway, and promotes the selective differentiation of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells into chondrocytes.

S0523New

SB 4 (Eticovo)

SB 4 (Eticovo) is a potent and selective agonist of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) signaling with EC50 of 74 nM. SB 4 (Eticovo) enhances canonical BMP signaling and activates SMAD-1/5/9 phosphorylation.

S6654New

SRI-011381

SRI-011381 is a novel agonist of the TGF-beta signaling pathway for treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

S2308

Hesperetin

Hesperetin is a bioflavonoid and, to be more specific, a flavanone.

S8318

Alantolactone

Alantolactone, a naturally occurring eudesmane-type sesquiterpene lactone (SL), could induce activin/SMAD3 signaling and disrupt Cripto-1/activin receptor type II A interaction.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1067

SB431542

SB431542 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ALK5 with IC50 of 94 nM in a cell-free assay, 100-fold more selective for ALK5 than p38 MAPK and other kinases.

S2618

LDN-193189

LDN-193189 is a selective BMP signaling inhibitor, inhibits the transcriptional activity of the BMP type I receptors ALK2 and ALK3 with IC50 of 5 nM and 30 nM in C2C12 cells, respectively, exhibits 200-fold selectivity for BMP versus TGF-β.

S2230

Galunisertib (LY2157299)

Galunisertib (LY2157299) is a potent TGFβ receptor I (TβRI) inhibitor with IC50 of 56 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2/3.

S2704

LY2109761

LY2109761 is a novel selective TGF-β receptor type I/II (TβRI/II) dual inhibitor with Ki of 38 nM and 300 nM in a cell-free assay, respectively; shown to negatively affect the phosphorylation of Smad2. LY2109761 blocks autophagy and induces apoptosis.

S1476

SB525334

SB525334 is a potent and selective inhibitor of TGFβ receptor I (ALK5) with IC50 of 14.3 nM in a cell-free assay, 4-fold less potent to ALK4 than ALK5 and inactive to ALK2, 3, and 6.

S7692New

A-83-01

A-83-01 is a potent inhibitor of TGF-β type I receptor (ALK5-TD) with IC50 of 12 nM. A-83-01 also inhibits the transcription induced by activin/nodal type I receptor (ALK4-TD) and nodal type I receptor (ALK7-TD) with IC50 of 45 nM and 7.5 nM, respectively.Solutions are best fresh-prepared.

S5183New

PD 169316

PD 169316 is a potent, selective and cell-permeable p38 MAP kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 89 nM. PD169316 abrogates signaling initiated by both TGFbeta and Activin A. PD169316 shows antiviral activity against Enterovirus71.

S2234New

BIBF-0775

BIBF-0775 is a selective inhibitor of transforming growth factor β Receptor I (TGFβRI,Alk5) with an IC50 of 34nM.

S6713New

ITD-1

ITD-1 is a potent TGF-β inhibitor. It does not block the kinase activity of either type I (TGFBR1) or type II (TGFBR2) TGFβ receptors but potently blocks phosphorylation of the effector SMAD2/3 proteins induced by TGFβ2, and only minimally in response to Activin A.

S2186

SB505124

SB505124 is a selective inhibitor of TGFβR for ALK4, ALK5 with IC50 of 129 nM and 47 nM in cell-free assays, respectively, also inhibits ALK7, but does not inhibit ALK1, 2, 3, or 6.

S7306

Dorsomorphin (Compound C) 2HCl

Dorsomorphin 2HCl (BML-275, Compound C) is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Also inhibits type Ⅰ BMP receptor activity. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy in cancer cell line.

S2907

Pirfenidone

Pirfenidone (S-7701, AMR-69) is an inhibitor for TGF-β production and TGF-β stimulated collagen production, reduces production of TNF-α and IL-1β, and also has anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory properties. Pirfenidone attenuates chemokine (CC motif) ligand-2 (CCL2) and CCL12 production with anti-fibrotic activity. Phase 3.

S2750

GW788388

GW788388 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ALK5 with IC50 of 18 nM in a cell-free assay, also inhibits TGF-β type II receptor and activin type II receptor activities, but does not inhibit BMP type II receptor.

S2805

LY364947

LY364947 is a potent ATP-competitive inhibitor of TGFβR-I with IC50 of 59 nM in a cell-free assay, shows 7-fold selectivity over TGFβR-II.

S7223

RepSox

RepSox is a potent and selective inhibitor of the TGFβR-1/ALK5 with IC50 of 23 nM and 4 nM for ATP binding to ALK5 and ALK5 autophosphorylation in cell-free assays, respectively.

S7507

LDN-193189 2HCl

LDN193189 HCl is the hydrochloride salt of LDN193189, which is a selective BMP signaling inhibitor, and inhibits the transcriptional activity of the BMP type I receptors ALK2 and ALK3 with IC50 of 5 nM and 30 nM in C2C12 cell lines, respectively, 200-fold selectivity for BMP versus TGF-β.

S1576

Sulfasalazine

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.

S7359

K02288

K02288 is a potent, and selective type I BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 1.1, 1.8, 6.4 nM for ALK2, ALK1 and ALK6, showing weaker inhibition on other ALKs (3, 4, 5) and ActRIIA.

S7624

SD-208

SD-208 is a selective TGF-βRI (ALK5) inhibitor with IC50 of 48 nM, >100-fold selectivity over TGF-βRII.

S8700

TP0427736 HCl

TP0427736 is a potent inhibitor of ALK5 kinase activity with an IC50 of 2.72 nM and this effect is 300-fold higher than the inhibitory effect on ALK3 (IC50 = 836 nM for ALK3). It also inhibits Smad2/3 phosphorylation in A549 cells induced by TGF-β1 with an IC50 value of 8.68 nM.

S7627

LDN-214117

LDN-214117 is a potent and selective BMP type I receptor kinase ALK2 inhibitor with IC50 of 24 nM.

S7959

SIS3 HCl

SIS3, a novel specific inhibitor of Smad3, inhibits TGF-β and activin signaling by suppressing Smad3 phosphorylation without affecting the MAPK/p38, ERK, or PI3-kinase signaling pathways.

S8772

LY 3200882

LY 3200882 is a potent, highly selective inhibitor of TGF-β receptor type 1 (TGFβRI). It potently inhibits TGFβ mediated SMAD phosphorylation in vitro in tumor and immune cells and in vivo in subcutaneous tumors in a dose dependent fashion.

S7530

Vactosertib

Vactosertib  (TEW-7197, EW-7197) is a highly potent, selective, and orally bioavailable TGF-β receptor ALK4/ALK5 inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM and 11 nM, respectively. Phase 1.

S7146

DMH1

DMH1 is a selective BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 107.9 nM for ALK2, exhibiting no inhibition on AMPK, ALK5, KDR (VEGFR-2) or PDGFR. DMH1 inhibits autophagy.

S7147

LDN-212854

LDN-212854 is a potent and selective BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 1.3 nM for ALK2, about 2-, 66-, 1641-, and 7135-fold selectivity over ALK1, ALK3, ALK4, and ALK5, respectively.

S7148

ML347

ML347 (LDN-193719) is a selective BMP receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 32 nM for ALK2, >300-fold selectivity over ALK3. Also inhibits ALK1 activity with IC50 of 46 nM.

S8144

Halofuginone

Halofuginone is the competitively inhibitor of prolyl-tRNA synthetase with Ki of 18.3 nM.It could also down-regulate Smad3 and blocked TGF-β signaling at 10 ng/ml in mammal.

S7840

Dorsomorphin (Compound C)

Dorsomorphin is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Dorsomorphin selectively inhibits the BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3 and ALK6. Dorsomorphin is used in promoting specific cell differentiation and inducing cancer cell line autophagy.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S7914

Isoxazole 9 (ISX-9)

Isoxazole 9 (Isx-9) is a synthetic promotor of adult neurogenesis by triggering neuronal differentiation of adult neural stem/precursor cells (NSPCs). Isoxazole 9 (Isx-9) activates multiple pathways including TGF-β induced epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling, canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling at different stages of cardiac differentiation.

S7658

Kartogenin

Kartogenin is an activator of the smad4/smad5 pathway, and promotes the selective differentiation of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells into chondrocytes.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S0523New

SB 4 (Eticovo)

SB 4 (Eticovo) is a potent and selective agonist of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) signaling with EC50 of 74 nM. SB 4 (Eticovo) enhances canonical BMP signaling and activates SMAD-1/5/9 phosphorylation.

S6654New

SRI-011381

SRI-011381 is a novel agonist of the TGF-beta signaling pathway for treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2308

Hesperetin

Hesperetin is a bioflavonoid and, to be more specific, a flavanone.

S8318

Alantolactone

Alantolactone, a naturally occurring eudesmane-type sesquiterpene lactone (SL), could induce activin/SMAD3 signaling and disrupt Cripto-1/activin receptor type II A interaction.

Tags: TGF-beta inhibition | Smad inhibition | TGF-beta signaling | TGF-beta pathway | TGF-beta cancer | Smad signaling | Smad pathway | TGF-beta tumor | TGF-beta activation | TGF-beta family | Smad2 signaling | TGF-beta Smad signaling | Smad3 signaling | Smad cancer | Smad phosphorylation | Smad activation | Smad2 phosphorylation | Smad family | TGF-beta assay | Smad3 phosphorylation | TGF-beta inhibitor clinical trial | TGF-beta inhibitor review