For research use only.
Licensed by Pfizer Catalog No.S2792 Synonyms: CP-529414
CAS No. 262352-17-0
Torcetrapib (CP-529414) is a CETP inhibitor with IC50 of 37 nM, elevates HDL-C and reduces nonHDL-C in plasma. Phase 3.
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|Description||Torcetrapib (CP-529414) is a CETP inhibitor with IC50 of 37 nM, elevates HDL-C and reduces nonHDL-C in plasma. Phase 3.|
Torcetrapib dose-dependently increases aldosterone release from H295R cells after either 24 or 48 h of treatment with an EC50 of approximately 80 nM, this effect is mediated by calcium channel as calcium channel blockers completely blocks torcetrapib-induced corticoid release and calcium increase. Torcetrapib (1 μM) significantly increases the expression of steroidogenic gene, CYP11B2 and CYP11B1, in H295R cell lines. 
|In vivo||Torcetrapib (< 100 mg, daily) changes the plasma distribution of CETP, as the apparent molecular weight of the CETP has shifted to a larger form, by 2 hours after the dose in healthy young subjects. Torcetrapib treatment with 10 mg, 30 mg, 60 mg, and 120 mg daily and 120 mg twice daily results in 16%, 28%, 62%, 73%, and 91% increases in plasma HDL-C, respectively, with no significant changes in TPC in healthy young subjects.  Torcetrapib results in an increase of 72.1% in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and a decrease of 24.9% in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, in addition to an increase of 5.4 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure, a decrease in serum potassium, and increases in serum sodium, bicarbonate, and aldosterone, in patients at high cardiovascular risk after 12 months' treatment.  Torcetrapib increases HDL cholesterol levels by 50% and 60% at dose of 60 mg daily and 120 mg daily, respectively, in both healthy and moderately hyperlipidemic subjects. Torcetrapib 60 mg daily increases HDL-mediated net cholesterol efflux from foam cells primarily by increasing HDL concentrations, whereas 120 mg daily torcetrapib increases cholesterol efflux both by increasing HDL concentration and by causing increased efflux at matched HDL concentrations.  Torcetrapib (90 mg/kg/day) results in a 70% inhibition of CE transfer in rabbits fed an atherogenic diet. Torcetrapib (90 mg/kg/day) increases mean HDL-C levels by above 3-fold and apoA-I levels by 2.5-fold in plasma in rabbits fed an atherogenic diet. Torcetrapib-treated animal has a multiple-fold increase in HDL-C AUC and a corresponding reduction in aortic lesion area with 60% reduction of aortic free cholesterol (FC) and cholesteryl ester (EC) in rabbits fed an atherogenic diet. Torcetrapib-treated rabbits stimulate free cholesterol efflux to a significantly greater extent than does sera from control rabbits. |
-  Clark RW, et al. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 2004, 24(3), 490-497.
-  Hu X, et al. Endocrinology, 2009, 150(5), 2211-2219.
-  Barter PJ, et al. N Engl J Med, 2007, 357(21), 2109-2122.
|In vitro||DMSO||120 mg/mL (199.84 mM)|
|Ethanol||6 mg/mL (9.99 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00139061||Completed||Drug: Torcetrapib/Atorvastatin|Drug: Fenofibrate||Hyperlipidemia||Pfizer||March 2005||Phase 3|
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