COX-2 Selective Inhibitors

Catalog No. Product Name Information Selective / Pan IC50 / Ki
S5711 Deracoxib

Deracoxib (SC-046) is a COX-2 inhibitor with >48-fold selectivity over COX-1. It also exhibits inhibitory activity against phosphodiesterase (Ki = 3.6 μM against human PDE4D3).

Selective
S2349 Rutaecarpine

Rutaecarpine (Rutecarpine) is an indolopyridoquinazolinone alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa and related herbs; a new class of COX-2 inhibitor.

Selective
S4656 Parecoxib

Parecoxib (SC-69124, Valus-P, Vorth-P) is a selective COX2 inhibitor.

Selective
S4049 Valdecoxib

Valdecoxib is a potent and selective inhibitor of COX-2 with IC50 of 5 nM.

Selective COX-2, IC50: 5 nM
S3043 Rofecoxib

Rofecoxib (MK-0966) is a COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM.

Selective COX-2, IC50: 18 nM
S4136 Carprofen

Carprofen inhibits canine COX2 with IC50 of 30 nM.

Selective canine COX2, IC50: 30 nM
S1261 Celecoxib (SC 58635)

Celecoxib (SC 58635) is a selective COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 40 nM in Sf9 cells.

Selective COX-2, IC50: 40 nM
S2903 Lumiracoxib

Lumiracoxib (COX-189) is a novel, selective COX-2 inhibitor with Ki of 0.06 μM. It also inhibits COX1 with Ki of 3 μM.

Selective COX-2, Ki: 60 nM
S1959 Tolfenamic Acid

Tolfenamic Acid is a COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.2 μM.

Selective COX-2, IC50: 0.2 μM
s8433 NS-398 (NS398)

NS-398 (N-(2-cyclohexyloxy-4-nitrophenyl)methane sulfonamide) is a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The IC50 values for human recombinant COX-1 and -2 are 75 and 1.77 μM, respectively.

Selective COX-2, IC50: 3.8 μM
S2040 Nimesulide

Nimesulide is a relatively COX-2 selective inhibitor with IC50 of 26 μM.

Selective COX-2, IC50: 26 μM
S9190 Oroxin B

Oroxin B (Hypocretin-2), one of flavonoids isolated from traditional Chinese herbal medicine Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent, selectively induces tumor-suppressive ER stress in malignant lymphoma cells and has antioxidant activity. Oroxin B significantly inhibits proliferation and induce apoptosis, which may be strongly associated with the inhibiting COX-2/VEGF and PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in SMMC-7721 cells, Oroxin B potentially be used as a novel therapeutic agent for liver cancer.

Selective
S3899 Hederagenin

Hederagenin (Caulosapogenin, Hederagenol, Hederagenic acid, Astrantiagenin E) is a highly water insoluble triterpenoid compound that can be found in various plants including Hedera helix and Chenopodium quinoa. It exhibits a variety of biological activities, including potent antitumor properties both in vitro and in vivo. Hederagenin inhibits LPS-stimulated expression of iNOS, COX-2, and NF-κB.

Selective
S2531 Asaraldehyde

Asaraldehyde (Asaronaldehyde) is a natural COX-2 inhibitor, exhibiting 17-fold selectivity over COX-1.

Selective
S0931 Jaceosidin

Jaceosidin, a flavonoid isolated from Artemisia vestita, possesses anti-tumor and anti-proliferative activities in many cancer cells. Jaceosidin induces apoptosis, activates Bax and down-regulates Mcl-1 and c-FLIP expression. Jaceosidin inhibits COX-2 expression and NF-κB activation.

Selective
S3255 Pectolinarigenin

Pectolinarigenin, an active anti-inflammatory ingredient in Cirsium chanroenicum, is a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX).

Selective
S3283 Marmesin

Marmesin (S-(+)-Marmesin, (+)-Marmesin, (S)-Marmesin) is a natural coumarin with COX-2 and 5-LOX dual inhibitory activity.

Selective
S3872 Guaiacol

Guaiacol (O-methoxyphenol, 2-hydroxyanisole, O-methylcatechol) is a phenolic natural product first isolated from Guaiac resin and the oxidation of lignin. It is a precursor to various flavorants, such as eugenoland vanillin. Guaiacol, a phenolic compound isolated from Guaiac resin, inhibits LPS-stimulated COX-2 expression and NF-κB activation. Anti-inflammatory activity.

Selective
S3018 Niflumic acid

Niflumic acid is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 used for joint and muscular pain.

Selective
S3816 Dehydroevodiamine

Dehydroevodiamine (DHED), a constituent of Evodia rutaecarpa, has various biological effects such as hypotensive, negative chronotropic, ion channel depressant, inhibition of nitric oxide production and cerebral blood flow enhancing activities. Dehydroevodiamine inhibits LPS-induced iNOS, COX-2, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expression in murine macrophage cells.

Selective
S9208 Ginsenoside Rb3

Ginsenoside Rb3, extracted from the plant Panax ginseng, plays important roles in cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Ginsenoside Rb3 (0.1-10 μM) is tested for inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-induced nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) luciferase reporter activity using a human kidney 293T cell-based assay. Ginsenoside Rb3 shows the significant activity with an IC50 of 8.2 μM. Ginsenoside Rb3 also

Selective
S4028 Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate

Dexamethasone (Dexamethasone 21-phosphate disodium salt) is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs, and an interleukin receptor modulator that has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant effects.

Selective
S6850 NE 52-QQ57

NE 52-QQ57 is a selective, and orally available antagonist of G-protein coupled receptor 4 (GPR4) with IC50 of 0.07 μM. NE 52-QQ57 effectively blocks GPR4-mediated cAMP accumulation with IC50 of 26.8 nM in HEK293 cells. The antagonism of GPR4 with NE 52-QQ57 significantly inhibits the AGE-induced increased expression of several key inflammatory cytokines and signaling molecules, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, inducible nitric

Selective
S2995 4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid

4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid (4-HPPA), an abundant colon metabolite of polyphenols, is a potent scavenger that suppresses levels of free radicals and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and contributes to reduced risk of colon cancer development.

Selective
S2595 FK-3311

FK-3311 (COX-2 Inhibitor V) is a selective, cell-permeable and orally available inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) with antiinflammatory. FK-3311 has protective effects against hepatic warm ischemia-reperfusion injury by marked inhibition of TxA2.

Selective
S4651 Etoricoxib

Etoricoxib (Arcoxia, MK-663, MK-0663, Tauxib, Algix, Nucoxia) is a new COX-2 selective inhibitor with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, and potential antineoplastic properties.

Selective
S0761 Desmethyl Celecoxib

Desmethyl Celecoxib (compound 3b), an analog of Celecoxib with the optimal yield of 75%, is a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) with anti-inflammatory activities.

Selective
S5595 3-Carene

3-Carene (Carene, Delta-3-Carene) is a bicyclic monoterpene in essential oils extracted from pine trees. 3-Carene have potent pharmacological effects on COX-2 overexpression and LPS-induced migration of Raw264.7 macrophages. 3‐carene is shown to significantly stimulate the activity and expression of alkaline phosphatase, an early phase marker of osteoblastic differentiation.

Selective
S1576 Sulfasalazine (NSC 667219)

Sulfasalazine (NSC 667219, Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.

Selective
S3261 Myrislignan

Myrislignan, a lignan isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt, possesses anti-inflammatory activities. Myrislignan inhibits interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Myrislignan significantly inhibits the expressions of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) dose-dependently in LPS-stimulated macrophage cells. Myrislignan inhibits the NF-κB signalling pathway activation.

Selective
S9502 Madecassic acid

Madecassic acid (Brahmic acid), a natural triterpene first isolated from C. asiatica, has diverse anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects, blocking NF-κB activation in macrophages and causing by iNOS, COX-2, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 inhibition.

Selective
S3304 Stylopine

Stylopine ((R,S)-Stylopine, Tetrahydrocoptisine) reduces nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and the IL-6 production and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity caused by the LPS stimulation. Stylopine is a major component of the leaf of Chelidonium majus L.

Selective
S6685 Mavacoxib

Mavacoxib (Trocoxil) is a selective, long-acting cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. Mavacoxib is a novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

Selective
S3931 Ginsenoside Rd

Ginsenoside Rd (Panaxoside Rd, Sanchinoside Rd), a minor ginseng saponin, has several pharmacological activities such as immunosuppressive activity, anti-inflammatory activity, immunological adjuvant, anti-cancer activity and wound-healing activity. Ginsenoside Rd inhibits TNFα-induced NF-κB transcriptional activity with an IC50 of 12.05±0.82 μM in HepG2 cells. Ginsenoside Rd inhibits expression of COX-2 and iNOS mRNA. Ginsenoside Rd also inhibits Ca2+ influx. Ginsenoside Rd inhibits CYP2D6, CYP

Selective
S2047 Lornoxicam

Lornoxicam (Chlortenoxicam) is a non-steroidal COX-1/COX-2 inhibitor, used as an anti-inflammatory drug to treat pain, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 8 nM
S5698 Ketorolac tromethamine salt

Ketorolac tromethamine is a synthetic pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties. It is a non-selective COX inhibitor with IC50s of 20 nM for both COX-1 and COX-2.

Pan COX2, IC50: 20 nM
S5192 S-(+)-Ketoprofen

S-(+)-Ketoprofen (Compound 1, Actron, (S)-Ketoprofen, Dexketoprofen) is a potent inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) with IC50 of 1.9 nM and 27 nM for COX-1 and COX-2, respectively.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 27 nM
S4295 Meclofenamate Sodium

Meclofenamate Sodium is a dual COX-1/COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 40 nM and 50 nM, respectively, used in the treatment of joint, muscular pain, arthritis and dysmenorrhea. Meclofenamate Sodium is a non-selective gap-junction blocker and a highly selective inhibitor of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) enzyme inhibitor.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 50 nM
S4149 Amfenac Sodium Monohydrate

Amfenac Sodium monohydrate is a non-steroidal analgesic anti-inflammatory drug with acetic acid moiety. The IC50 values for COX1 and COX2 is 250 nM and 150 nM, respectively.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 150 nM
S1903 Diclofenac Sodium

Diclofenac Sodium (GP 45840) is a non-selective COX inhibitor with IC50 of 0.5 μg/ml and 0.5 μg/ml for COX-1 and -2 in intact cells, respectively, used as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to relieve pain and reduce swelling in flammation.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 200 nM
S5010 Indometacin Sodium

Indometacin Sodium (Indomethacin Sodium) is the sodium salt of indomethacin, which is a non-selective, reversible, and competitive inhibitor of cyclooxygenases 1 and 2 with anti-inflammatory, analgesic-antipyretic and tocolytic effects.

Pan COX2, IC50: 0.78 μM
S1396 Resveratrol (SRT501)

Resveratrol (SRT501, trans-Resveratrol) has a wide spectrum of targets including cyclooxygenases(i.e. COX, IC50=1.1 μM), lipooxygenases(LOX, IC50=2.7 μM), kinases, sirtuins and other proteins. It has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, blood-sugar-lowering and other beneficial cardiovascular effects. Resveratrol induces mitophagy/autophagy and autophagy-dependent apoptosis.

Pan COX2, IC50: 1.3 μM
S1646 Ketorolac

Ketorolac is a non-selective COX inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 1.23 μM and 3.50 μM, respectively.

Pan COX-2 (human), IC50: 3.50 μM
S1626 Naproxen Sodium

Naproxen Sodium (RS-3650) is a COX inhibitor for COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 8.7 μM and 5.2 μM, respectively.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 5.2 μM
S6686 SC-560

SC-560 is a highly selective COX-1 inhibitor with IC50 of 9 nM, compared with the IC50 of 6.3 μM for COX-2, nearly 1,000-fold higher than with COX-1.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 6.3 μM
S1723 Indomethacin (NSC-77541)

Indomethacin (NSC-77541, Indometacin) is a nonselective COX1 and COX2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.1 μg/mL and 5 μg/mL, respectively, used to reduce fever, pain, stiffness, and swelling.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 14 μM
S1638 Ibuprofen (NSC 256857)

Ibuprofen (NSC 256857, Dolgesic) is an anti-inflammatory inhibitor targeting COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 13 μM and 370 μM, respectively.

Pan COX-2, IC50: 370 μM
S4230 Oxaprozin

Oxaprozin (WY-21743) is a non-narcotic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to relieve the inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain associated with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Pan
S3017 Aspirin (NSC 27223)

Aspirin (NSC 27223, Acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) is a salicylate, and irreversible COX1 and COX2 inhibitor, used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains, as an antipyretic to reduce fever, and as an anti-inflammatory medication. Aspirin induces autophagy and stimulates mitophagy.

Pan
S3008 Zaltoprofen

Zaltoprofen is an inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 for treatment of arthritis.

Pan
S1761 Suprofen

Suprofen is a dual COX-1/COX-2 inhibitor, used as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic.

Pan
S1255 Nepafenac

Nepafenac (AHR 9434, AL 6515) is a prodrug of amfenac that acts as an inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 activity, used in the treatment of pain and inflammation associated with cataract surgery.

Pan
S4078 Mefenamic Acid

Mefenamic Acid (CI 473, CN-35355) is a competitive inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2.

Pan
S4248 Bromfenac Sodium

Bromfenac Sodium (AHR 10282R) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), which has anti-inflammatory activity and may block prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase 1 and 2.

Pan
S1645 Ketoprofen

Ketoprofen (RP-19583) is a dual COX1/2 inhibitor, used as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug to treat arthritis-related inflammatory pains.

Pan
s7889 Xanthohumol

Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and DGAT2 with both IC50 of 40 μM. Xanthohumol is also a potent antiviral agent against a series of DNA and RNA viruses. Xanthohumol induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 1.

Pan
S2351 Salicin

Salicin (Salicoside, Salicine) is a phenol β-glycosid produced from willow bark that shows anti-inflammatory effects. It is a natural, non-selective COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitor.

Pan