For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 314.36
Valdecoxib is a potent and selective inhibitor of COX-2 with IC50 of 5 nM.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective COX Inhibitors
|Description||Valdecoxib is a potent and selective inhibitor of COX-2 with IC50 of 5 nM.|
|Features||Valdecoxib is more potent in inhibiting COX-2 than COX-1.|
Valdecoxib inhibits LPS-induced PGE2 production in plasma with IC50 of 0.89 μM for assessment of the extent of COX-2 inhibition. Valdecoxib inhibits TxB2 production in plasma with IC50 of 25.4 μM for assessment of the extent of COX-1 inhibition.  Valdecoxib binds to COX-2 with Ka of 1.1×105 M/s. The overall saturation binding affinity for COX-2 of Valdecoxib is 2.6 nM. Valdecoxib shows similar activity in the human whole-blood COX assay (COX-2 IC50 = 0.24 μM; COX-1 IC50 = 21.9 μM).  The affinity of [3H]Valdecoxib for COX-2 with KD of 3.2 nM. The binding of Valdecoxib to COX-2 seems to be both rapid and slowly reversible with association rates of 4.5 × 106/M/min and dissociation rates of 7.0 × 10-3/min (t1/2 of 98 min).  The percent of dissolved Valdecoxib at 15 min (DP15) is 10.5% for Valdecoxib and 50%, 91% and 93% for its hydrophilic derivatives (VALD-βCd, VALD-HPβCd and VALD-SBE7βCd complexes), respectively. 
|In vivo||Valdecoxib administrated orally inhibits rat carrageenan foot pad edema with ED50 of 10.2 mg/kg. Valdecoxib administrated orally shows chronic antiinflammatory activity with ED50 of 0.032 mg/kg/day in rat adjuvant arthritis model. Valdecoxib administrated orally shows blockade of prostaglandin production at the inflammatory site with ED50 of 0.02 mg/kg in the rat carrageenan air pouch model.  Valdecoxib demonstrates marked potency in acute and chronic models of inflammation (air pouch ED50 = 0.06 mg/kg; paw edema ED50 = 5.9 mg/kg; adjuvant arthritis ED50 = 0.03 mg/kg) in rats.  Valdecoxib alone shows slow in vivo absorption giving maximum % inhibition of edema (16%) after a period of 3 hour. In contrast, VALD-βCd and VALD-SBE7βCd complexes shows high absorption rate in vivo achieving more than 50% inhibition of edema in the 1 hour and maximum percentage of inhibition of edema (66%) after a period of 3 hours.  Valdecoxib (5 mg/kg, po) results in AUC in plasma of 3.58 μg*h/mL and 2.08 μg*h/mL in males and female mice, respectively. Valdecoxib (5 mg/kg, po) results in AUC red blood cells of 12.1 μg*h/mL and 6.42 μg*h/mL in males and female mice, respectively. |
-  Talley JJ, et al. J Med Chem, 2000, 43(5), 775-777.
-  Gierse JK, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2005, 312(3), 1206-12012.
-  Hood WF, et al. Mol Pharmacol, 2003, 63(4), 870-877.
|In vitro||DMSO||63 mg/mL (200.4 mM)|
|Ethanol||18 mg/mL (57.25 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% methylcellulose+0.2% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00122096||Completed||Drug: valdecoxib||Neurosurgery|Pain||University of Washington|Pfizer||November 2002||Phase 4|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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