For research use only.
Catalog No.S1626 Synonyms: RS-3650
CAS No. 26159-34-2
Naproxen Sodium (RS-3650) is a COX inhibitor for COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 8.7 μM and 5.2 μM, respectively.
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|Description||Naproxen Sodium (RS-3650) is a COX inhibitor for COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 8.7 μM and 5.2 μM, respectively.|
|Features||Displays approximately equipotent inhibitory selectivity for COX-1 and COX-2 in intact cells.|
Naproxen is approximately equipotent inhibitor of COX-1 and COX-2 in intact cells with IC50 of 2.2 μg/mL and 1.3 μg/mL, respectively.  Naproxen decreases the in vitro LPS-induced PGE2 and TXB2 production in rats and humans with IC50 of 30.7 μM and 79.5 μM for PGE2 inhibition, 72.4 μM and 48.3 μM for TXB2 inhibition, respectively.  Naproxen produces concentration-related inhibition of TXB2 production from human platelets and LPS-induced TXB2 production from human mononuclear cells with plC50 values (-log concentration inhibiting TXB2 by 50%) of 5.7 and 6.4, respectively, and exhibits slightly inhibitory selectivity for constitutive and induced COX-2 with IC50 COX-1/IC50 COX-2 of 6.3.  Only high concentration of Naproxen can significantly induce apoptosis at 48 hours in HCA-7 colon cancer cells with IC50 of 1.45 mM. 
|In vivo||Administration of Naproxen reduces the LPS-induced PGE2 and TXB2 production in vivo in rats with IC50 values of 12.8 μM and 5.9 μM, respectively, which represents that Naproxen is a nonselective COX inhibitor with the log IC50 ratio (COX-2/COX-1) of 0.34.  Naproxen displays IC50 of 27 μM for analgesia in a rat model with carrageenan-induced arthritis and IC50 of 40 μM for antipyretics in a yeast-induced fever rat model, while exhibits inhibition of PGE2 with IC50 of 13 μM and TXB2 with IC50 of 5 μM. |
COX-1 and COX-2 activities in intact cells:For the determination of COX-1 and COX-2 inhibition, bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) are incubated for 30 minutes with Naproxen (0.1 ng/mL to 1 mg/mL), and cultured J774.2 macrophages are treated with endotoxin at 1 μg/mL for 12 hours to induce COX-2 followed by incubated for 30 minutes with Naproxen (0.1 ng/mL to 1 mg/mL), respectively. Arachidonic acid (30 μM) is then added, and the cells are incubated for a further 15 minutes at 37 °C. The medium is then removed, and radioimmunoassay is used to measure the formation of 6-keto-PGF1α, PGE2, thromboxane B2, or PGF2α for the assessment of IC50 for COX-1 and COX-2.
-  Mitchell JA, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 1993, 90(24), 11693-11697.
-  Huntjens DR, et al. Br J Pharmacol, 2006, 148(4), 396-404.
-  Grossman CJ, et al. Inflamm Res, 1995, 44(6), 253-257.
|In vitro||Water||50 mg/mL (198.22 mM)|
|DMSO||3 mg/mL (11.89 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT05026320||Recruiting||Drug: Naproxen gel|Drug: Diclofenac gel|Drug: Placebo gel||Soft Tissue Injury||Bayer|Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln||August 8 2021||Phase 2|
|NCT04145518||Recruiting||Drug: Naproxen Sodium||Dysmenorrhea (Disorder)|Dysmenorrhea Primary|Dysmenorrhea Secondary|Endometrial Diseases|Leiomyoma|Fibroid Uterus||NorthShore University HealthSystem|National Institutes of Health (NIH)|Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)||October 25 2019||Phase 4|
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