For research use only.
Catalog No.S1422 Synonyms: NS 41080
CAS No. 99873-43-5
Droxinostat (NS 41080) is a selective inhibitor of HDAC, mostly for HDACs 6 and 8 with IC50 of 2.47 μM and 1.46 μM, greater than 8-fold selective against HDAC3 and no inhibition to HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, and 10.
Selleck's Droxinostat has been cited by 13 publications
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Chemical inhibition of HDAC3, -6, and -8 with the selective HDAC inhibitor Droxinostat (2 uM) resulted in a significant increase in the percent of 2D10 cells expressing GFP in cells that had been depleted of HDAC3 but not HDAC1 or -2. (*p<0.05).
PLoS One 2014 9(8), e102684. Droxinostat purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Droxinostat (NS 41080) is a selective inhibitor of HDAC, mostly for HDACs 6 and 8 with IC50 of 2.47 μM and 1.46 μM, greater than 8-fold selective against HDAC3 and no inhibition to HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, and 10.|
|Features||Selective inhibitor of HDAC3, HDAC6,and HDAC8.|
Droxinostat is originally identified as a sensitizer of PPC-1 cells to FAS and TRAIL by downregulating the expression of c-Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1-converting enzyme-like inhibitory protein (c-FLIP).  In PPC-1 cells cultured in suspension but not adherent conditions, Droxinostat (20 μM–60 μM) sensitizes cells to anoikis by initially activating caspase 8 with subsequent activation of the mitochondrial pathway. Similarly, Droxinostat also sensitizes other cancer cell lines including PC-3, DU-145, T47D, and OVCAR-3, but not LNCaP or MB-MDA-468, to anoikis or CH-11-induced apoptosis.  However, the direct targets of Droxinostat remains enigma until recently. It is revealed that in histone deacetylases (HDAC) isoform 1-10, Droxinostat selective inhibits HDAC3, 6, and 8, with IC50 values of 16.9 μM, 2.47 μM, and 1.46 μM, respectively, without inhibiting other HDAC members (IC50 > 20 μM).  In MCF-7 breast cancer cells, Droxinostat (10 μM–100 μM) sensitizes cells to apoptosis by decreasing c-FLIPL and c-FLIPS expression, reducing cell survival, and inducing apoptosis. 
|In vivo||In SCID mice models, Droxinostat (30 μM)-treated PPC-1 cells results in decreased distant tumor formation than untreated cells. |
HDAC Inhibition Assay:HDAC inhibition is assessed using the CycLex HDACs fluorometric assay according to the manufacturer's protocol and using crude nuclear extract from HeLa cells (principally HDAC1 and HDAC2). The relative activity is expressed as (fluorescence intensity of treated samples/fluorescence intensity of controls) × 100
|In vitro||DMSO||49 mg/mL (201.07 mM)|
|Ethanol||49 mg/mL (201.07 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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