Molecular Weight(MW): 314.31
MC1568 is a selective HDAC inhibitor for maize HD1-A with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay. It is 34-fold more selective for HD1-A than HD1-B.
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|Description||MC1568 is a selective HDAC inhibitor for maize HD1-A with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay. It is 34-fold more selective for HD1-A than HD1-B.|
MC1568 is a selective class II (IIa) histone deacetylas (HDAC II) inhibitor with IC50 of 220 nM and 176-fold class II selectivity (against class I). In human breast cancer ZR-75.1 cell lysates, MC1568 (5 μM) shows no inhibitory activity against HDAC1 but is able to inhibit HDAC4.  In MCF-7 cells, MC1568 (20 μM) increases the accumulation of acetylated H3 and H4 histones, as well as the levels of acetyl-tubulin, which indicates a inhibitory effect of MC1568 on HDAC6.  In C2C12 cells, MC1568 (5 μM) arrests myogenesis by decreasing myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) expression, stabilizing the HDAC4-HDAC3-MEF2D complex, and by inhibiting differentiation-induced MEF2D acetylation.  MC1568 (5 or 10 μM) interferes with the RAR- and PPARγ-mediated differentiation-inducing signaling pathways. In F9 cells, MC1568 specifically blocks endodermal differentiation despite not affecting retinoic acid-induced maturation of promyelocytic NB4 cells. In 3T3-L1 cells, MC1568 attenuates PPARγ-induced adipogenesis. 
|In vivo||In mice, MC1568 (50 mg/kg) shows an apparent tissue-selective HDAC inhibition. In skeletal muscle and heart, MC1568 inhibits the activity of HDAC4 and HDAC5 without affecting HDAC3 activity, thereby leaving MEF2-HDAC complexes in a repressed state.  In reporting PPRE-Luc mice, MC1568 (50 mg/kg) impairs PPARγ signaling mostly in the heart and adipose tissues.  In a recent study of pancreatic explants, MC1568 enhances expression of Pax4, a key factor required for proper β-and δ-cell differentiation and amplifies endocrine β- and δ-cells. |
Maize HD2, HD1-B, and HD1-A Enzyme Inhibition.:The enzyme liberats tritiated acetic acid from the substrate, which is quantified by scintillation counting. IC50 values are results of triple determinations. A 50 μL sample of maize enzyme (at 30 °C) is incubated (30 min) with 10 μL of total [3H]acetate-prelabeled chicken reticulocyte histones (2 mg/mL). Reaction is stopped by addition of 50 μL of 1 M HCl/0.4 M acetate and 800 μL of ethyl acetate. After centrifugation (1×104 g, 5 min), an aliquot of 600 μL of the upper phase is counted for radioactivity in 3 mL of liquid scintillation cocktail. MC1568 is tested at a starting concentration of 40 μM, and active substances are diluted further. NaB, VPA, TSA, SAHA, 85 TPX, HC-toxin, and tubacin are used as the reference compounds, and blank solvents are used as negative controls.
|In vitro||DMSO||13 mg/mL (41.36 mM)|
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