MC1568

Catalog No.S1484

MC1568 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 314.31

MC1568 is a selective HDAC inhibitor for maize HD1-A with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay. It is 34-fold more selective for HD1-A than HD1-B.

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In DMSO USD 160 In stock
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USD 270 In stock
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Cited by 22 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description MC1568 is a selective HDAC inhibitor for maize HD1-A with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay. It is 34-fold more selective for HD1-A than HD1-B.
Targets
HD1-A (Maize) [1]
(Cell-free assay)
HD1-B (Maize) [1]
(Cell-free assay)
100 nM 3.4 μM
In vitro

MC1568 is a selective class II (IIa) histone deacetylas (HDAC II) inhibitor with IC50 of 220 nM and 176-fold class II selectivity (against class I). In human breast cancer ZR-75.1 cell lysates, MC1568 (5 μM) shows no inhibitory activity against HDAC1 but is able to inhibit HDAC4. [1] In MCF-7 cells, MC1568 (20 μM) increases the accumulation of acetylated H3 and H4 histones, as well as the levels of acetyl-tubulin, which indicates a inhibitory effect of MC1568 on HDAC6. [2] In C2C12 cells, MC1568 (5 μM) arrests myogenesis by decreasing myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) expression, stabilizing the HDAC4-HDAC3-MEF2D complex, and by inhibiting differentiation-induced MEF2D acetylation. [3] MC1568 (5 or 10 μM) interferes with the RAR- and PPARγ-mediated differentiation-inducing signaling pathways. In F9 cells, MC1568 specifically blocks endodermal differentiation despite not affecting retinoic acid-induced maturation of promyelocytic NB4 cells. In 3T3-L1 cells, MC1568 attenuates PPARγ-induced adipogenesis. [4]

In vivo In mice, MC1568 (50 mg/kg) shows an apparent tissue-selective HDAC inhibition. In skeletal muscle and heart, MC1568 inhibits the activity of HDAC4 and HDAC5 without affecting HDAC3 activity, thereby leaving MEF2-HDAC complexes in a repressed state. [3] In reporting PPRE-Luc mice, MC1568 (50 mg/kg) impairs PPARγ signaling mostly in the heart and adipose tissues. [4] In a recent study of pancreatic explants, MC1568 enhances expression of Pax4, a key factor required for proper β-and δ-cell differentiation and amplifies endocrine β- and δ-cells. [5]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[1]
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Maize HD2, HD1-B, and HD1-A Enzyme Inhibition.:

The enzyme liberats tritiated acetic acid from the substrate, which is quantified by scintillation counting. IC50 values are results of triple determinations. A 50 μL sample of maize enzyme (at 30 °C) is incubated (30 min) with 10 μL of total [3H]acetate-prelabeled chicken reticulocyte histones (2 mg/mL). Reaction is stopped by addition of 50 μL of 1 M HCl/0.4 M acetate and 800 μL of ethyl acetate. After centrifugation (1×104 g, 5 min), an aliquot of 600 μL of the upper phase is counted for radioactivity in 3 mL of liquid scintillation cocktail. MC1568 is tested at a starting concentration of 40 μM, and active substances are diluted further. NaB, VPA, TSA, SAHA, 85 TPX, HC-toxin, and tubacin are used as the reference compounds, and blank solvents are used as negative controls.
Cell Research:[4]
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  • Cell lines: 3T3-L1 cells
  • Concentrations: ~10 μM, dissolved in DMSO
  • Incubation Time: 8 days
  • Method: The 3T3-L1 cells are propagated and differentiated using a cocktail of isobutylmethylxanthine, dexamethasone, and insulin. From the second day post-confluence and throughout the differentiation period of 8 days, the 3T3-L1 cells are induced by: (1) no induction: at post-confluence and throughout the differentiation period of 8 days, the cells are incubated with DMSO or MC1568. (2) troglitazone: at post-confluence and throughout the differentiation period of 8 days, the cells are induced with 5 μM troglitazone, MC1568, or both. (3) rosiglitazone: at post-confluence and throughout the differentiation period of 8 days, the cells are incubated with 1 μM rosiglitazone and either DMSO or MC1568. (4) rosiglitazone and dexamethasone: at post-confluence, the cells received 1 μM of rosiglitazone and 390 ng/mL dexamethasone. Throughout the differentiation period of 8 days, the cells are induced with 1 μM of rosiglitazone and either DMSO or MC1568. All medium is renewed every second day.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[4]
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  • Animal Models: PPRE-Luc transgenic mouse (C57BL/6)
  • Formulation: Dissolved in water solution of 0.5% carbossimetilcellulose
  • Dosages: 50 mg/kg
  • Administration: By gavage once a day
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 13 mg/mL (41.36 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% CMC
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
5 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 314.31
Formula

C17H15FN2O3

CAS No. 852475-26-4
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID