Abexinostat (PCI-24781)

For research use only.

Catalog No.S1090 Synonyms: CRA-024781

19 publications

Abexinostat (PCI-24781) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 783355-60-2

Abexinostat (PCI-24781, CRA-024781) is a novel pan-HDAC inhibitor mostly targeting HDAC1 with Ki of 7 nM, modest potent to HDACs 2, 3, 6, and 10 and greater than 40-fold selectivity against HDAC8. Phase 1/2.

Selleck's Abexinostat (PCI-24781) has been cited by 19 publications

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective HDAC Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Abexinostat (PCI-24781, CRA-024781) is a novel pan-HDAC inhibitor mostly targeting HDAC1 with Ki of 7 nM, modest potent to HDACs 2, 3, 6, and 10 and greater than 40-fold selectivity against HDAC8. Phase 1/2.
Targets
HDAC1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
HDAC3/SMRT [1] HDAC6 [1] HDAC2 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
HDAC10 [1]
7 nM(Ki) 8.2 nM(Ki) 17 nM(Ki) 19 nM(Ki) 24 nM
In vitro

PCI-24781 exhibits potent antitumor activity against a variety of tumor cell lines with GI50 ranging from 0.15 μM to 3.09 μM. PCI-24781 also has an antiproliferative effect on HUVEC endothelial cells with GI50 of 0.43 μM. PCI-24781 treatment causes dose-dependent accumulation of both acetylated histones and acetylated tubulin in HCT116 or DLD-1 cells, induces expression of p21, and leads to PARP cleavage and accumulation of the γH2AX. [1] Inhibition of HDAC enzymes by PCI-24781 leads to a significant reduction in the transcription of genes specifically associated with HR, including RAD51. Consistent with inhibition of HR, PCI-24781 treatment results in a decreased ability to perform homology directed repair of I-SceI-induced chromosome breaks in transfected CHO cells. [2] PCI-24781 induces S phase depletion, G2 cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in soft tissue sarcoma (STS) cells. PCI-24781 induces Rad51 transcriptional repression in STS cells potentially mediated via enhanced E2F1 binding to the Rad51 proximal promoter. [3] PCI-24781 induces caspase and reactive oxygen species-dependent apoptosis through NF-κB mechanisms in Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines. [4]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
HeLa NUfNfZNjTnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= M1fLVFIhcHK| MkL2TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCmeXWtcIFj\WynZDD0doFk\XJiYnnu[Ilv\yC2bzDISGFEOTBiKIXub45wf25ib4Lp[4lvMSC2cnHud4Zm[3SnZDDpckBpfW2jbjDI[WxiKGOnbHzzJI1m[XO3cnXkJIFnfGW{IEKgbJJ{KGK7IH7hco8udHWlaX\ldoF{\SC{ZYDvdpRmeiCpZX7lMYJie2WmIFLSSXQh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MD6wNFc6PDQQvF2= NIXMUGw9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9|MEm2OFI6OCd-M{C5OlQzQTB:L3G+
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U-2 OS MlLxdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> MmnidWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohS2:wZnnycYF1d3K7IIPjdoVmdiCob4KgWU0zKE:VIHPlcIx{ MX[8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Rh41 Mn[wdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> MXTxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDSbFQyKGOnbHzz NHS5OHk9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
RD M1LobJFJXFNiYYPzZZk> M1SwUZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KEOxbn\pdo1ifG:{eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJHJFKGOnbHzz MXO8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Rh18 MmjCdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> Ml7qdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohS2:wZnnycYF1d3K7IIPjdoVmdiCob4KgVogyQCClZXzsdy=> NVP3eWx3RGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
Rh30 M3fOe5FJXFNiYYPzZZk> NFLBWWNyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCFb37mbZJu[XSxcomgd4Nz\WWwIH\vdkBTcDNyIHPlcIx{ NVfL[G4zRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
Saos-2 NGGwO3pyUFSVIHHzd4F6 NWnaSpJjeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiQ3;u[olzdWG2b4L5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhW2Gxcz2yJINmdGy| MXu8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
OHS-50 MmT1dWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NX;yXlJ6eUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiQ3;u[olzdWG2b4L5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhV0iVLUWwJINmdGy| M1XZdVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
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... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

In vivo Administration of PCI-24781 at 200 mg/kg once daily every other day (q.o.d.) significantly inhibits the growth of HCT116 and DLD-1 xenografts in mice by 69% and 59%, respectively. Administration of PCI-24781 at 20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg, 80 mg/kg, or 160 mg/kg once daily for 4 consecutive days followed by 3 days without treatment each week (q.d. × 4 per week) in the HCT116 model causes inhibition of tumor growth by 48%, 57%, 82.2%, or 80.0%, respectively. [1]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[1]
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HDAC Activity:

HDAC activity is measured using a continuous trypsin-coupled assay. For inhibitor characterization, measurements are done in a reaction volume of 100 μL using 96-well assay plates. For each isozyme, the HDAC protein in reaction buffer [50 mM HEPES, 100 mM KCl, 0.001% Tween 20, 5% DMSO (pH 7.4), supplemented with bovine serum albumin at concentrations of 0% (HDAC1), 0.01% (HDAC2, 3, 8, and 10), or 0.05% (HDAC6)] is mixed with PCI-24781 at various concentrations and allowed to incubate for 15 minutes. Trypsin is added to a final concentration of 50 nM, and acetyl-Gly-Ala-(N-acetyl-Lys)-AMC is added to a final concentration of 25 μM (HDAC1, 3, and 6), 50 μM (HDAC2 and 10), or 100 μM (HDAC8) to initiate the reaction. Negative control reactions are done in the absence of PCI-24781 in replicates of eight. Reactions are monitored in a fluorescence plate reader. After a 30-minute lag time, the fluorescence is measured over a 30-minute time frame using an excitation wavelength of 355 nm and a detection wavelength of 460 nm. The increase in fluorescence with time is used as the measure of the reaction rate. Inhibition constants Ki(app) are obtained using the program BatchKi.
Cell Research:[1]
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  • Cell lines: HCT116, HCT-15, BT-549, NCI-H226, CWR-22RV1, MCF-7, NCI-PC3, DLD-1, SKOV-3, and OVCAR-3
  • Concentrations: Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 48, 72, 96, or 120 hours
  • Method: Cells are cultured for at least two doubling times, and growth is monitored at the end of PCI-24781 exposure using an Alamar blue fluorometric cell proliferation assay. PCI-24781 is assayed in triplicate wells in 96-well plates at nine concentrations using half-log intervals ranging from 0.0015 μM to 10 μM. The final DMSO concentration in each well is 0.15%. The concentration required to inhibit cell growth by 50% (GI50) and 95% confidence intervals are estimated from nonlinear regression using a four-parameter logistic equation.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
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  • Animal Models: Female BALB/c nu/nu mice implanted s.c. with HCT116 and DLD-1 tumor cells
  • Dosages: ~200 mg/kg
  • Administration: Administered via i.v.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 80 mg/mL (201.29 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 397.42
Formula

C21H23N3O5

CAS No. 783355-60-2
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms CRA-024781
Smiles CN(C)CC1=C(OC2=CC=CC=C21)C(=O)NCCOC3=CC=C(C=C3)C(=O)NO

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)
Dosage mg/kg Average weight of animals g Dosing volume per animal ul Number of animals
Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()
% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
CalculateReset

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

  • Mass
    Concentration
    Volume
    Molecular Weight

*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and SDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

  • C1
    V1
    C2
    V2

* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

  • Serial Dilutions

  • Computed Result

  • C1=C0/X C1: LOG(C1):
    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
    C3=C2/X C3: LOG(C3):
    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
    C6=C5/X C6: LOG(C6):
    C7=C6/X C7: LOG(C7):
    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

Total Molecular Weight: g/mol

Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT03934567 Recruiting Drug: Abexinostat Lymphoma Follicular Xynomic Pharmaceuticals Inc. April 22 2020 Phase 2
NCT03939182 Recruiting Drug: Abexinostat|Drug: Ibrutinib Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma|Mantle Cell Lymphoma Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Janssen Scientific Affairs LLC|Xynomic Pharmaceuticals Inc. May 29 2019 Phase 1|Phase 2
NCT03600441 Active not recruiting Drug: Abexinostat Follicular Lymphoma Xynomic Pharmaceuticals Inc. August 27 2018 Phase 2
NCT01543763 Recruiting Drug: PZP115891 PCI-24781 Metastatic Solid Tumors Pamela Munster|Pharmacyclics LLC.|Novartis|Xynomic Pharmaceuticals Inc.|GlaxoSmithKline Research and Education Foundation for Cardiovascular Disease|University of California San Francisco June 25 2012 Phase 1
NCT01027910 Completed Drug: PCI-24781|Drug: Doxorubicin|Drug: GCSF Sarcoma Massachusetts General Hospital|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|Brigham and Women''s Hospital|Pharmacyclics LLC. February 2009 Phase 1|Phase 2

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3

If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID