Taselisib (GDC 0032)
Catalog No.S7103 Synonyms: RG7604
Molecular Weight(MW): 460.53
Taselisib (GDC 0032) is a potent, next-generation β isoform-sparing PI3K inhibitor targeting PI3Kα/δ/γ with Ki of 0.29 nM/0.12 nM/0.97nM, >10 fold selective over PI3Kβ.
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|Description||Taselisib (GDC 0032) is a potent, next-generation β isoform-sparing PI3K inhibitor targeting PI3Kα/δ/γ with Ki of 0.29 nM/0.12 nM/0.97nM, >10 fold selective over PI3Kβ.|
|Features||A beta isoform-sparing PI3K inhibitor.|
GDC-0032 is an orally bioavailable, potent, and selective inhibitor of Class I PI3Kα, δ, and γ isoforms, with 30 fold less inhibition of the PI3K β isoform relative to the PI3Kα isoform. Preclinical data show that GDC-0032 has increased activity against PI3Kα isoform (PIK3CA) mutant and HER2-amplified cancer cell lines. GDC-0032 inhibits MCF7-neo/HER2 cells proliferation with IC50 of 2.5 nM. 
|In vivo||GDC-0032 pharmacokinetics is approximately dose proportional and time independent with a mean t1/2 of 40 hours. The combination of GDC-0032 enhances activity of fulvestrant resulting in tumor regressions and tumor growth delay (91% tumor growth inhibition (TGI)). In addition, the combination of GDC-0032 with tamoxifen enhances the efficacy of tamoxifen in vivo (102%TGI for GDC-0032). |
Characterization of Biochemical and Cellular Activity in Vitro:Enzymatic activity of the class I PI3K isoforms is measured using a fluorescence polarization assay that monitors formation of the product 3,4,5-inositoltriphosphate molecule as it competes with fluorescently labeled PIP3 for binding to the GRP-1 pleckstrin homology domain protein. An increase in phosphatidyl inositide-3-phosphate product results in a decrease in fluorescence polarization signal as the labeled fluorophore is displaced from the GRP-1 protein binding site. Class I PI3K isoforms are expressed and purified as heterodimeric recombinant proteins. Tetramethylrhodamine-labeled PIP3 (TAMRA-PIP3), di-C8-PIP2, and PIP3 detection reagents are purchased from Echelon Biosciences. PI3Kα is assayed under initial rate conditions in the presence of 10 mM Tris (pH 7.5), 25 μM ATP, 9.75 μM PIP2, 5% glycerol, 4 mM MgCl2, 50 mM NaCl, 0.05% (v/v) Chaps, 1 mM dithiothreitol, and 2% (v/v) DMSO at 60 ng/mL. After assay for 30 min at 25 °C, reactions are terminated with a final concentration of 9 mM EDTA, 4.5 nM TAMRA-PIP3, and 4.2 μg/mL GRP-1 detector protein before reading fluorescence polarization on an Envision plate reader. IC50 values are calculated from the fit of the dose-response curves to a 4-parameter equation. Each reported value is an average of three experiments, and all have a standard deviation less than one geometric mean.
|In vitro||DMSO||70 mg/mL warmed (151.99 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02785913||Active not recruiting||Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis|Drug: Taselisib||Recurrent Squamous Cell Lung Carcinoma|Stage IV Squamous Cell Lung Carcinoma||Southwest Oncology Group|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||November 2014||Phase 2|
|NCT01967966||Completed||Drug: GDC-0032||Healthy Volunteer||Genentech Inc.||November 2013||Phase 1|
|NCT01814709||Completed||Drug: GDC-0032|Drug: Itraconazole|Drug: Rifampin||Healthy Volunteer||Genentech Inc.||April 2013||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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