Molecular Weight(MW): 488.74
PIK-75 HCl is a p110α inhibitor with IC50 of 5.8 nM (200-fold more potently than p110β), isoform-specific mutants at Ser773, and also potently inhibits DNA-PK with IC50 of 2 nM in cell-free assays.
Cited by 20 Publications
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|Description||PIK-75 HCl is a p110α inhibitor with IC50 of 5.8 nM (200-fold more potently than p110β), isoform-specific mutants at Ser773, and also potently inhibits DNA-PK with IC50 of 2 nM in cell-free assays.|
|Features||PI3K and DNA-PK inhibitor.|
PIK-75 shows the impressive potency and isoform selectivity at p110α while the corresponding IC50 values are 1300 nM, 76 nM and 510 nM for other PI3K isoforms, p110β, -γ, and -δ, respectively. Furthermore, when binding to purified p110α, PIK-75 is a noncompetitive inhibitor with respect to ATP with Ki of 36 nM and competitive with respect to the substrate PI with Ki of 2.3 nM.  PIK-75 also shows potent inhibition of DNA-PK.  PIK-75 (1 μM) reduces cell survival by significantly decreasing mitochondrial activity in unstimulated nonasthmatic airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells, asthmatic ASM cells, and lung fibroblasts. While in TGFβ-stimulated ASM cells, PIK75 only decreases mitochondrial activity in asthmatic cells without effects in nonasthmatic cells.  A recent study shows that PIK-75 (10 nM) inhibits TNF-α-induced CD38 mRNA expression and significantly attenuates of TNF-α-induced ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity in human airway smooth muscle cells. 
|In vivo||In the ErbB3WT tumor model, PIK-75 reduces in vitro chemotactic response to HRGβ1 and lowers pAkt levels by 40%. Besides, PIK-75 significantly reduces tumor cell motility and in vivo invasion in ErbB3WT primary tumors.  In the CD1 male mice, PIK-75 leads to serious impairments in the insulin tolerance test (ITT) and glucose tolerance test (GTT), and an increase in glucose production during a pyruvate tolerance test (PTT). |
Inhibition Assays:The PI3K inhibitor PIK-75 is dissolved at 10 mM in dimethyl sulfoxide and stored at −20°C until use. PI3K enzyme activity is determined in 50 μL of 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.5, and 5 mM MgCl2 containing 180 μM phosphatidyl inositol, with the reaction started by the addition of 100 μM ATP (containing 2.5 μCi of [γ-32P]ATP). After a 30-minute incubation at room temperature, the enzyme reaction is stopped by the addition of 50 μL of 1 M HCl. Phospholipids are then extracted with 100 μL of chloroform/methanol [1:1 (v/v)] and 250 μL of 2 M KCl followed by liquid scintillation counting. Inhibitors are diluted in 20% (v/v) dimethyl sulfoxide to generate a concentration versus inhibition of enzyme activity curve, which is then analyzed with the use of Prism version 5.00 for Windows to calculate the IC50. For kinetic analysis, a luminescent assay measuring ATP consumption is used. PI3K enzyme activity is determined in 50 μL of 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.5, and 5 mM MgCl2 with PI and ATP at various concentrations. After a 60-minute incubation at room temperature, the reaction is stopped by the addition of 50 μL of Kinase-Glo followed by a further 15-minute incubation. Luminescence is then read using a Fluostar plate reader. Results are analyzed using Prism.
-  Zheng Z, et al. Mol Pharmacol. 2011, 80(4), 657-664.
-  WO/2003/072557, 09/04/2003
-  Moir LM, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2011, 337(2), 557-566.
|In vitro||DMSO||4 mg/mL warmed (8.18 mM)|
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