For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 570.65
PKI-402 is a potent dual pan-PI3K/mTOR inhibitor targeting PI3Kα/β/γ/δ and mTOR with IC50 of 2 nM/7 nM/16 nM/14 nM and 3 nM, respectively; also potent to PI3Kα mutants E545K and H1047R.
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|Description||PKI-402 is a potent dual pan-PI3K/mTOR inhibitor targeting PI3Kα/β/γ/δ and mTOR with IC50 of 2 nM/7 nM/16 nM/14 nM and 3 nM, respectively; also potent to PI3Kα mutants E545K and H1047R.|
Equivalent to the IC50 for wild-type PI3Kα, PKI-402 inhibits E545K and H1047R PI3Kα mutants with IC50 of 3 nM. In a panel of 236 human protein kinases, PKI-402 only displays inhibitory activity against C-Raf and B-Raf with IC50 of 7 μM, and displays little activity against all other kinases with IC50 of > 10 μM. PKI-402 inhibits the growth of human tumor cell lines with IC50 of 6-349 nM. Consistently, PKI-402 inhibits phosphorylation of PI3K and mTOR effector proteins, particularly phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) at T308 and S473 with IC50 of <10 nM and <30 nM, respectively. PKI-402 inhibits both p70S6K and 4EBP1 phosphorylation with IC50 of <10 nM. PKI-402 inhibits Akt phosphorylation of PRAS40 at T246 with IC50 of <30 nM, and inhibits Akt phosphorylation of ENOS at S1177 and GSK3α/GSK3β at S9/S21 with IC50 of <10 nM. In MDAMB-361, a breast tumor line with mutant PI3K-α (E545K) and elevated levels of Her2 receptor, PKI-402 treatment induces cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a marker for apoptosis. Less than 10% of MDAMB-361 cells exposed to PKI-402 at 0.3 μM (or higher) for 24 hours remain viable. 
|In vivo||Single dose of PKI-402 (100 mg/kg) suppresses Akt phosphorylation (at T308) and induces cleaved PARP in MDA-MB-361 tumors. In normal tissue (heart and lung), PKI-402 (100 mg/kg) has minimal effect on p-Akt, with no detectable cleaved PARP. Consistently, PKI-402 at 100 mg/kg (daily for 5 days, one round) reduces initial tumor volume of 260 mm3 to 129 mm3 and prevents tumor regrowth for 70 days in MDA-MB-361. PKI-402 significantly inhibits the growth of A549 tumors in nude mice at 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg. PKI-402 at 100 mg/kg (daily for 5 days, one round) causes significant (P < 0.01) reduction in tumor growth of U87MG. |
Fluorescence polarization format assay:Enzyme assays are done in fluorescent polarization (FP) format, adapted from the Echelon K-1100 PI3K FP assay kit protocol. Assay reaction buffer is 20 mM Hepes, pH 7.5, 2 mM MgCl2, 0.05% CHAPS, and 0.01% βME. Assay STOP/detection buffer is 100 mM Hepes, pH 7.5, 4 mM EDTA, 0.05% CHAPS. FP assays are run in Nunc 384-well black polypropylene fluor plates. The FP reaction is run in 20 μL of reaction buffer containing 20 μM PIP2, 25 μM ATP, and >4% DMSO. The reaction is run for 30 minutes at room temp. The reaction is stopped with 20 μL of STOP/detection buffer containing 10 nM probe and 40 nM GST-GRP. Assay plates are incubated for 2 hours, and fluorescence polarization is measured in a Perkin-Elmer Envision plate reader with TAMRA-FP filters.
|In vitro||DMSO||0.4 mg/mL (0.7 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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