For research use only.
Catalog No.S2742 Synonyms: CAY10572
CAS No. 942425-68-5
PHA-767491 (CAY10572) is a potent ATP-competitive dual Cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 34 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.It displays ~20-fold selectivity against CDK1/2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity against MK2 and CDK5, 100-fold selectivity against PLK1 and CHK2.
Selleck's PHA-767491 has been cited by 22 publications
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|Description||PHA-767491 (CAY10572) is a potent ATP-competitive dual Cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 34 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.It displays ~20-fold selectivity against CDK1/2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity against MK2 and CDK5, 100-fold selectivity against PLK1 and CHK2.|
|Features||The first inhibitor that directly affects the mechanisms controlling initiation as opposed to elongation in DNA replication.|
PHA-767491 displays approximately 20-fold selectivity for Cdk1, Cdk2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity for MK2 and Cdk5 and 100-fold selectivity for PLK1 and CHK2. PHA-767491 inhibits cell proliferation in a variety of human cell lines with IC50 of 0.86 μM for SF-268 to 5.87 μM for K562, and significantly induces apoptosis in a p53-independent manner in almost all cell lines in contrast with 5-FU or gemcitabine which only works in a few of cell lines. Unlike current DNA synthesis inhibitors, PHA-767491 treatment at 5 μM blocks the initiation of DNA replication but not replication fork progression, due to specific inhibition of Cdc7 kinase and Mcm2 phosphorylation at the Cdc7-dependent Ser40 site.  The up-regulated Mcl-1 levels in ABT-737-resistant OCI-LY1 and SU-DHL-4 cells can be significantly decreased by PHA-767491 treatment at 3 μM possibly due to the inhibition of Cdk9, leading to the restoration of the sensitivity to ABT-737.  The direct mitochondrial dependent pro-apoptosis effect of PHA-767491 is also observed when applied at 1 μM in quiescent chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells through the similar mechanism with EC50 of 0.34-0.97 μM. While in proliferating CLL cells stimulated by CD154 and interleukin-4, PHA-767491 treatment at 5 μM abolishes DNA synthesis by inhibiting Cdc7 rather than triggering cell death. 
|In vivo||Administration of PHA-767491 twice a day for 5 days significantly inhibits the growth of HL60 xenograft in a dose-dependent manner with TGI of 50% and 92% at dose of 20 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg, respectively, the effect of which is also marked in A2780, Mx-1, and HCT-116 xenograft models as well as the DMBA-induced mammary carcinomas, and correlates with Cdc7 inhibition and subsequently decreased phosphorylation of Mcm2 at the Cdc7-dependent site Ser40 |
In vitro kinase assays:The inhibition of Cdc7 and Cdk9 by PHA-767491 (IC50) is determined using the strong anion exchanger (Dowex 1-X8 resin, formate form)-based assay. For each enzyme, the absolute Km values for ATP and the specific substrate are initially determined, and each assay is then run at optimized ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix (2Km) and substrate (5Km) concentrations. Cdc7 kinase assay is performed in a buffer containing 50 mM Hepes pH 7.9, 15 mM MgCl2, 2 mM β- glycerylphosphate, 0.2 mg/mL BSA, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM Na3VO4, 2Km ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix, 5Km Mcm2 (aa 10-294), 37 nM of recombinant Cdc7/Dbf4 and increasing concentration of PHA-767491 in a final volume of 30 μL, and incubated for 1 hour at 25 °C. Cdk9 kinase assay is performed using 50 nM of recombinant Cdk9/cyclin T in 50 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM Na3VO4, 2Km ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix, 5Km RNA polymerase CDT peptide and increasing concentration of PHA-767491 in a final volume of 30 μL, and incubated for 1 hour at 25 °C. After incubation, an amount of 150 μL of resin/formate (pH 3.0) is added to stop the reaction and capture unreacted 33P-γ-ATP, separating it from the phosphorylated substrate in solution. After 1 hour of rest, a volume of 50 μL supernatant is transferred to Optiplate 96-well plates. After the additon of 150 μL of Microscint 40, the radioactivity is counted in the TopCount.
|In vitro||DMSO||24 mg/mL (96.11 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+30% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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