AMPK

Signaling Pathway Map

Research Area

Inhibitory Selectivity

AMPK Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1208

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.

S1113

GSK690693

GSK690693 is a pan-Akt inhibitor targeting Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 2 nM/13 nM/9 nM in cell-free assays, also sensitive to the AGC kinase family: PKA, PrkX and PKC isozymes. GSK690693 also potently inhibits AMPK and DAPK3 from the CAMK family with IC50 of 50 nM and 81 nM, respectively. GSK690693 affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity, robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation. Phase 1.

S7306

Dorsomorphin (Compound C) 2HCl

Dorsomorphin 2HCl is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Also inhibits type Ⅰ BMP receptor activity. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy in cancer cell line.

S7317

WZ4003

WZ4003 is a highly specific NUAK kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 20 nM and 100 nM for NUAK1 and NUAK2 in cell-base assays, respectively, without significant inhibition on 139 other kinases.

S7318

HTH-01-015

HTH-01-015 is a potent and selective NUAK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 100 nM, >100-fold selectivity over NUAK2.

S7840

Dorsomorphin (Compound C)

Dorsomorphin is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Dorsomorphin selectively inhibits the BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3 and ALK6. Dorsomorphin is used in promoting specific cell differentiation and inducing cancer cell line autophagy.

S1033

Nilotinib (AMN-107)

Nilotinib (AMN-107) is a selective Bcr-Abl inhibitor with IC50 less than 30 nM in Murine myeloid progenitor cells. Nilotinib induces autophagy through AMPK activition.

S2697

A-769662

A-769662 is a potent, reversible AMPK activator with EC50 of 0.8 μM in cell-free assays, little effect on GPPase/FBPase activity.

S1802

AICAR (Acadesine)

AICAR (Acadesine), an AMPK activator, results in accumulation of ZMP, which mimics the stimulating effect of AMP on AMPK and AMPK kinase. AICAR (Acadesine) induces mitophagy. Phase 3.

S8953New

ASP4132

ASP4132 is a potent and orally active activator of Adenosine Monophosphate-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) with EC50 of 0.018 μM. ASP4132 is used as a clinical candidate for the treatment of human cancer.

S2542

Phenformin HCl

Phenformin HCl is a hydrochloride salt of phenformin that is an anti-diabetic drug from the biguanide class. It activates AMPK, increasing activity and phosphorylation.

S5284

Adenosine 5'-monophosphate monohydrate

Adenosine 5'-monophosphate monohydrate (5'-AMP) is an activator of a class of protein kinases known as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK).

S8335

PF-06409577

PF-06409577 is orally bioavailable AMPK activator with EC50 of 7 nM for α1β1γ1 in the TR-FRET assay and it shows no detectable inhibition of hERG in a patch-clamp assay (100 μM) and was not an inhibitor (IC50 > 100 μM) of the microsomal activities of major human cytochrome P450 isoforms.

S3832

Euphorbiasteroid

Euphorbiasteroid, a component of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells through activation of the AMPK pathway and induces HL-60 cells to apoptosis via promoting Bcl-2/Bax apoptotic signaling pathway in a dose-dependent manner. Euphorbiasteroid is a tricyclic diperpene of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits tyrosinase, and increases the phosphorylation of AMPK, with anti-cancer, anti-virus, anti-obesity and multidrug resistance-modulating effect.

S7898

GSK621

GSK621 is a specific and potent AMPK activator.

S8654

ex229 (compound 991)

EX229 (compound 991) is a potent AMPK activator that is 5-10-fold more potent than A769662 in activating AMPK.

S8803

MK-3903

MK-3903 is a potent and selective AMPK activator with an EC50 of 8 nM for α1 β1 γ1 subunit. It activates 10 of the 12 pAMPK complexes with EC50 values in the range of 8-40 nM and maximal activation >50%.

S9096

ligustroflavone

Ligustroflavone, isolated from the leaves of Turpinia montana, shows high antioxidant capacity and is reported to be an AMPK activator.

S7953

ETC-1002

ETC-1002,also known as Bempedoic acid, is an orally available, once-daily LDL-C lowering small molecule designed to lower elevated levels of LDL-C and to avoid side effects associated with existing LDL-C lowering therapies.ETC-1002 is an activator of hepatic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). It has potent inhibitory activity against hepatic ATP-citrate lyase(IC50=29 uM).

S4561

Danthron

Danthron functions in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism by activating AMPK. Danthron is a natural product extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine rhubarb. Danthron used to be a laxativa and now is currently used as an antioxidant in synthetic lubricants, in the synthesis of experimental antitumor agents, as a fungicide and as an intermediate for making dyes.

S6221

Methyl cinnamate

Methyl cinnamate, an active component of Zanthoxylum armatum, is a widely used natural flavor compound with antimicrobial and tyrosinase inhibitor activities. Methyl Cinnamate Inhibits Adipocyte Differentiation via Activation of the CaMKK2--AMPK Pathway in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1208

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.

S1113

GSK690693

GSK690693 is a pan-Akt inhibitor targeting Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 2 nM/13 nM/9 nM in cell-free assays, also sensitive to the AGC kinase family: PKA, PrkX and PKC isozymes. GSK690693 also potently inhibits AMPK and DAPK3 from the CAMK family with IC50 of 50 nM and 81 nM, respectively. GSK690693 affects Unc-51-like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) activity, robustly inhibits STING-dependent IRF3 activation. Phase 1.

S7306

Dorsomorphin (Compound C) 2HCl

Dorsomorphin 2HCl is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Also inhibits type Ⅰ BMP receptor activity. Dorsomorphin induces autophagy in cancer cell line.

S7317

WZ4003

WZ4003 is a highly specific NUAK kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 20 nM and 100 nM for NUAK1 and NUAK2 in cell-base assays, respectively, without significant inhibition on 139 other kinases.

S7318

HTH-01-015

HTH-01-015 is a potent and selective NUAK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 100 nM, >100-fold selectivity over NUAK2.

S7840

Dorsomorphin (Compound C)

Dorsomorphin is a potent, reversible, selective AMPK inhibitor with Ki of 109 nM in cell-free assays, exhibiting no significant inhibition of several structurally related kinases including ZAPK, SYK, PKCθ, PKA, and JAK3. Dorsomorphin selectively inhibits the BMP type I receptors ALK2, ALK3 and ALK6. Dorsomorphin is used in promoting specific cell differentiation and inducing cancer cell line autophagy.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1033

Nilotinib (AMN-107)

Nilotinib (AMN-107) is a selective Bcr-Abl inhibitor with IC50 less than 30 nM in Murine myeloid progenitor cells. Nilotinib induces autophagy through AMPK activition.

S2697

A-769662

A-769662 is a potent, reversible AMPK activator with EC50 of 0.8 μM in cell-free assays, little effect on GPPase/FBPase activity.

S1802

AICAR (Acadesine)

AICAR (Acadesine), an AMPK activator, results in accumulation of ZMP, which mimics the stimulating effect of AMP on AMPK and AMPK kinase. AICAR (Acadesine) induces mitophagy. Phase 3.

S8953New

ASP4132

ASP4132 is a potent and orally active activator of Adenosine Monophosphate-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) with EC50 of 0.018 μM. ASP4132 is used as a clinical candidate for the treatment of human cancer.

S2542

Phenformin HCl

Phenformin HCl is a hydrochloride salt of phenformin that is an anti-diabetic drug from the biguanide class. It activates AMPK, increasing activity and phosphorylation.

S5284

Adenosine 5'-monophosphate monohydrate

Adenosine 5'-monophosphate monohydrate (5'-AMP) is an activator of a class of protein kinases known as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK).

S8335

PF-06409577

PF-06409577 is orally bioavailable AMPK activator with EC50 of 7 nM for α1β1γ1 in the TR-FRET assay and it shows no detectable inhibition of hERG in a patch-clamp assay (100 μM) and was not an inhibitor (IC50 > 100 μM) of the microsomal activities of major human cytochrome P450 isoforms.

S3832

Euphorbiasteroid

Euphorbiasteroid, a component of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells through activation of the AMPK pathway and induces HL-60 cells to apoptosis via promoting Bcl-2/Bax apoptotic signaling pathway in a dose-dependent manner. Euphorbiasteroid is a tricyclic diperpene of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits tyrosinase, and increases the phosphorylation of AMPK, with anti-cancer, anti-virus, anti-obesity and multidrug resistance-modulating effect.

S7898

GSK621

GSK621 is a specific and potent AMPK activator.

S8654

ex229 (compound 991)

EX229 (compound 991) is a potent AMPK activator that is 5-10-fold more potent than A769662 in activating AMPK.

S8803

MK-3903

MK-3903 is a potent and selective AMPK activator with an EC50 of 8 nM for α1 β1 γ1 subunit. It activates 10 of the 12 pAMPK complexes with EC50 values in the range of 8-40 nM and maximal activation >50%.

S9096

ligustroflavone

Ligustroflavone, isolated from the leaves of Turpinia montana, shows high antioxidant capacity and is reported to be an AMPK activator.

S7953

ETC-1002

ETC-1002,also known as Bempedoic acid, is an orally available, once-daily LDL-C lowering small molecule designed to lower elevated levels of LDL-C and to avoid side effects associated with existing LDL-C lowering therapies.ETC-1002 is an activator of hepatic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). It has potent inhibitory activity against hepatic ATP-citrate lyase(IC50=29 uM).

S4561

Danthron

Danthron functions in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism by activating AMPK. Danthron is a natural product extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine rhubarb. Danthron used to be a laxativa and now is currently used as an antioxidant in synthetic lubricants, in the synthesis of experimental antitumor agents, as a fungicide and as an intermediate for making dyes.

S6221

Methyl cinnamate

Methyl cinnamate, an active component of Zanthoxylum armatum, is a widely used natural flavor compound with antimicrobial and tyrosinase inhibitor activities. Methyl Cinnamate Inhibits Adipocyte Differentiation via Activation of the CaMKK2--AMPK Pathway in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes.

Tags: AMPK inhibition | AMPK activation | AMPK phosphorylation | AMPK activity | AMP-activated protein kinase pathway | AMPK activity assay | AMPK activators review | AMPK activity assay | AMPK inhibitor cancer | AMPK agonists | AMPK antagonist | AMPK inhibitor review