Caspase

Signaling Pathway Map

Research Area

Inhibitory Selectivity

Isoform-specific Inhibitors

Caspase Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2228

Belnacasan (VX-765)

Belnacasan (VX-765) is a potent and selective inhibitor of caspase-1 with Ki of 0.8 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2.

S2417

20-Hydroxyecdysone

20-Hydroxyecdysone (Ecdysterone, 20E) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone which controls the ecdysis (moulting) and metamorphosis of arthropods.20-Hydroxyecdysone (Ecdysterone, 20E) inhibits caspase activity and induces autophagy via the 20E nuclear receptor complex, EcR-USP.

S4353New

Terfenadine

Terfenadine is an antihistamine, generally completely metabolizes to the active form fexofenadine in the liver by the enzyme cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 isoform. Terfenadine ((±)-Terfenadine) is a potent open-channel blocker of hERG with an IC50 of 204 nM. Terfenadine, an H1 histamine receptor antagonist, acts as a potent apoptosis inducer in melanoma cells through modulation of Ca2+ homeostasis. Terfenadine induces ROS-dependent apoptosis, simultaneously activates Caspase-4, -2, -9.

S7023

Z-VAD-FMK

Z-VAD-FMK is a cell-permeable, irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor, blocks all features of apoptosis in THP.1 and Jurkat T-cells.

S7314

Z-IETD-FMK

Z-IETD-FMK is a specific Caspase-8 inhibitor.

S7313

Z-LEHD-FMK

Z-LEHD-FMK is a cell-permeable, competitive and irreversible inhibitor of enzyme caspase-9, which helps in cell survival.

S7312

Z-DEVD-FMK

Z-DEVD-FMK is a specific, irreversible Caspase-3 inhibitor, and also shows potent inhibition on caspase-6, caspase-7, caspase-8, and caspase-10.

S7311

Q-VD-Oph

Q-VD-Oph is a potent pan-caspase inhibitor with IC50 ranged from 25 to 400 nM for caspases 1,3,8, and 9. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection.

S8102

Z-VAD(OH)-FMK (Caspase Inhibitor VI)

Z-VAD-FMK (Caspase Inhibitor VI) is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor.

S7775

Emricasan

Emricasan is a potent irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor. Emricasan is an inhibitor of Zika virus infection.

S7901

Ac-DEVD-CHO

Ac-DEVD-CHO is a potent aldehyde inhibitor of Group II caspases with Ki values of 0.2 nM and 0.3 nM for for caspase-3 and caspase-7, respectively. Weak inhibition for caspase-2.

S5584

Citronellol

Citronellol, a constituent of rose and geranium oils, is used in perfumes and insect repellents. Citronellol can cause necrotic apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by up-regulating TNF-α, RIP1 / RIP3 activities, and down-regulating caspase-3 / caspase-8 activities. Citronellol also results in a biphasic increase in ROS production at 1 h and at 12 h in NCI-H1299 cells.

S2768

Dinaciclib (SCH727965)

Dinaciclib (SCH727965) is a novel and potent CDK inhibitor for CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and CDK9 with IC50 of 1 nM, 1 nM, 3 nM and 4 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It also blocks thymidine (dThd) DNA incorporation. Dinaciclib induces apoptosis through the activation of caspases 8 and 9. Phase 3.

S2738

PAC-1

PAC-1 is a potent procaspase-3 activator with EC50 of 0.22 μM and the first small molecule known to directly activate procaspase-3 to caspase-3.

S2927

Apoptosis Activator 2

Apoptosis Activator 2 strongly induces caspase-3 activation, PARP cleavage, and DNA fragmentation which leads to the destruction of cells (Apaf-1 dependent) with IC50 of ~4 μM, inactive to HMEC, PREC, or MCF-10A cells.

S6501New

NVP 231

NVP 231 is a novel CerK inhibitor that inhibits the catalytic activity of recombinant CerK in vitro with an IC50 of 12 nM. NVP 231 induces cell apoptosis by increasing DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 and caspase-9 cleavage.

S7326

Tasisulam

Tasisulam is an antitumor agent and an apoptosis inducer via the intrinsic pathway. Phase 3.

S9276

Alisol B

Alisol B, a triterpene from Alismatis rhizoma, induces Bax up-regulation and nuclear translocation, the activation of initiator caspase-8 and caspase-9, and executor caspase-3, suggesting the involvement of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways.

S2448

Gambogic Acid

Gambogic Acid activates caspases with EC50 of 0.78-1.64 μM and competitively inhibits Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, Bcl-W, Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1 with IC50 of 1.47, 1.21, 2.02, 0.66, 1.06 and 0.79 μM, respectively.

S9097

Alisol B Acetate

Alisol B acetate, a triterpene from Alismatis rhizoma, induces Bax up-regulation and nuclear translocation, the activation of initiator caspase-8 and caspase-9, and executor caspase-3, suggesting the involvement of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways.

S5550

Ethyl gallate

Ethyl gallat, which could be found naturally in a variety of plant sources, is a food additive with antimicrobial activity. Ethyl gallat activates the death receptor-dependent pathway of apoptosis by enhancing the expression of caspases-8, -9, and -3 and the Bcl-2 interacting domain (Bid).

S3865

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid, a bile acid formed in the liver of most species, is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2228

Belnacasan (VX-765)

Belnacasan (VX-765) is a potent and selective inhibitor of caspase-1 with Ki of 0.8 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2.

S2417

20-Hydroxyecdysone

20-Hydroxyecdysone (Ecdysterone, 20E) is a naturally occurring ecdysteroid hormone which controls the ecdysis (moulting) and metamorphosis of arthropods.20-Hydroxyecdysone (Ecdysterone, 20E) inhibits caspase activity and induces autophagy via the 20E nuclear receptor complex, EcR-USP.

S4353New

Terfenadine

Terfenadine is an antihistamine, generally completely metabolizes to the active form fexofenadine in the liver by the enzyme cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 isoform. Terfenadine ((±)-Terfenadine) is a potent open-channel blocker of hERG with an IC50 of 204 nM. Terfenadine, an H1 histamine receptor antagonist, acts as a potent apoptosis inducer in melanoma cells through modulation of Ca2+ homeostasis. Terfenadine induces ROS-dependent apoptosis, simultaneously activates Caspase-4, -2, -9.

S7023

Z-VAD-FMK

Z-VAD-FMK is a cell-permeable, irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor, blocks all features of apoptosis in THP.1 and Jurkat T-cells.

S7314

Z-IETD-FMK

Z-IETD-FMK is a specific Caspase-8 inhibitor.

S7313

Z-LEHD-FMK

Z-LEHD-FMK is a cell-permeable, competitive and irreversible inhibitor of enzyme caspase-9, which helps in cell survival.

S7312

Z-DEVD-FMK

Z-DEVD-FMK is a specific, irreversible Caspase-3 inhibitor, and also shows potent inhibition on caspase-6, caspase-7, caspase-8, and caspase-10.

S7311

Q-VD-Oph

Q-VD-Oph is a potent pan-caspase inhibitor with IC50 ranged from 25 to 400 nM for caspases 1,3,8, and 9. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection.

S8102

Z-VAD(OH)-FMK (Caspase Inhibitor VI)

Z-VAD-FMK (Caspase Inhibitor VI) is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor.

S7775

Emricasan

Emricasan is a potent irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor. Emricasan is an inhibitor of Zika virus infection.

S7901

Ac-DEVD-CHO

Ac-DEVD-CHO is a potent aldehyde inhibitor of Group II caspases with Ki values of 0.2 nM and 0.3 nM for for caspase-3 and caspase-7, respectively. Weak inhibition for caspase-2.

S5584

Citronellol

Citronellol, a constituent of rose and geranium oils, is used in perfumes and insect repellents. Citronellol can cause necrotic apoptosis of NCI-H1299 cells by up-regulating TNF-α, RIP1 / RIP3 activities, and down-regulating caspase-3 / caspase-8 activities. Citronellol also results in a biphasic increase in ROS production at 1 h and at 12 h in NCI-H1299 cells.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2768

Dinaciclib (SCH727965)

Dinaciclib (SCH727965) is a novel and potent CDK inhibitor for CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and CDK9 with IC50 of 1 nM, 1 nM, 3 nM and 4 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It also blocks thymidine (dThd) DNA incorporation. Dinaciclib induces apoptosis through the activation of caspases 8 and 9. Phase 3.

S2738

PAC-1

PAC-1 is a potent procaspase-3 activator with EC50 of 0.22 μM and the first small molecule known to directly activate procaspase-3 to caspase-3.

S2927

Apoptosis Activator 2

Apoptosis Activator 2 strongly induces caspase-3 activation, PARP cleavage, and DNA fragmentation which leads to the destruction of cells (Apaf-1 dependent) with IC50 of ~4 μM, inactive to HMEC, PREC, or MCF-10A cells.

S6501New

NVP 231

NVP 231 is a novel CerK inhibitor that inhibits the catalytic activity of recombinant CerK in vitro with an IC50 of 12 nM. NVP 231 induces cell apoptosis by increasing DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 and caspase-9 cleavage.

S7326

Tasisulam

Tasisulam is an antitumor agent and an apoptosis inducer via the intrinsic pathway. Phase 3.

S9276

Alisol B

Alisol B, a triterpene from Alismatis rhizoma, induces Bax up-regulation and nuclear translocation, the activation of initiator caspase-8 and caspase-9, and executor caspase-3, suggesting the involvement of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways.

S2448

Gambogic Acid

Gambogic Acid activates caspases with EC50 of 0.78-1.64 μM and competitively inhibits Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, Bcl-W, Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1 with IC50 of 1.47, 1.21, 2.02, 0.66, 1.06 and 0.79 μM, respectively.

S9097

Alisol B Acetate

Alisol B acetate, a triterpene from Alismatis rhizoma, induces Bax up-regulation and nuclear translocation, the activation of initiator caspase-8 and caspase-9, and executor caspase-3, suggesting the involvement of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways.

S5550

Ethyl gallate

Ethyl gallat, which could be found naturally in a variety of plant sources, is a food additive with antimicrobial activity. Ethyl gallat activates the death receptor-dependent pathway of apoptosis by enhancing the expression of caspases-8, -9, and -3 and the Bcl-2 interacting domain (Bid).

S3865

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid

Taurochenodeoxycholic acid, a bile acid formed in the liver of most species, is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.

Tags: Caspases apoptosis | Caspase inhibition | Caspase activation | Caspase activity | Caspase pathway | Caspase phosphorylation | Caspase cleavage | Caspase activity assay | Procaspase activation | Caspase inhibitor in vivo | Caspase inhibitor clinical trial | Caspase-independent apoptosis | Caspase-dependent apoptosis | Caspase inhibitor review