Gambogic Acid

Catalog No.S2448 Synonyms: Guttatic Acid, Guttic Acid, Beta-Guttiferrin

For research use only.

Gambogic Acid (Guttatic Acid, Guttic Acid, Beta-Guttiferrin) activates caspases with EC50 of 0.78-1.64 μM and competitively inhibits Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, Bcl-W, Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1 with IC50 of 1.47, 1.21, 2.02, 0.66, 1.06 and 0.79 μM, respectively.

Gambogic Acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. 2752-65-0

Selleck's Gambogic Acid has been cited by 1 Publication

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Gambogic Acid (Guttatic Acid, Guttic Acid, Beta-Guttiferrin) activates caspases with EC50 of 0.78-1.64 μM and competitively inhibits Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, Bcl-W, Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1 with IC50 of 1.47, 1.21, 2.02, 0.66, 1.06 and 0.79 μM, respectively.
Targets
Bcl-w [1] Bcl-B [1] Mcl-1 [1] Bfl-1 [1] Bcl-2 [1] Click to View More Targets
0.02 μM 0.66 μM 0.79 μM 1.06 μM 1.21 μM
In vitro

Gambogic Acid is a caged xanthone that is derived from Garcinia hanburyi and functions as a strong apoptotic inducer in many types of cancer cells by inhibiting human Bcl-2 family proteins and activating caspases. Gambogic Acid also blocks Kir2.1 channels with EC50 of ≤ 100 nM.[1] [2] [3] Gambogic Acid significantly inhibits human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, migration, invasion, tube formation, and micro-vessel growth at nM concentration. [4]

In vivo Gambogic Acid effectively inhibits tumor angiogenesis and suppressed tumor growth with low side effects using metronomic chemotherapy with Gambogic Acid. [4] Gambogic Acid has multiple functional effects including the induction of apoptosis, the inhibition of proliferation and the prevention of cancer metastasis and tumor angiogenesis. [5] In both animal tumor models and clinical trials, Gambogic Acid efficiently inhibits tumor growth with minimal side effects, with little toxicity on immune and hemopoietic systems. Gambogic Acid can produce tissue-specific proteasome inhibition and tumor-specific toxicity. [6] LD50: Mice 45mg/kg (i.p.). [7]

Protocol (from reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 100 mg/mL
(159.04 mM)
Ethanol 100 mg/mL
(159.04 mM)
Water Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+40% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

4mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 628.75
Formula

C38H44O8

CAS No. 2752-65-0
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC(=CCCC1(C=CC2=C(C3=C(C(=C2O1)CC=C(C)C)OC45C6CC(C=C4C3=O)C(=O)C5(OC6(C)C)CC=C(C)C(=O)O)O)C)C

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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