Belnacasan (VX-765)

Catalog No.S2228

For research use only.

Belnacasan (VX-765) is a potent and selective inhibitor of caspase-1 with Ki of 0.8 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2.

Belnacasan (VX-765) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 273404-37-8

Selleck's Belnacasan (VX-765) has been cited by 91 publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Belnacasan (VX-765) is a potent and selective inhibitor of caspase-1 with Ki of 0.8 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2.
Features A potent and selective inhibitor of interleukin-converting enzyme/caspase-1.
Targets
Caspase-4 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
Caspase-1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
<0.6 nM(Ki) 0.8 nM(Ki)
In vitro

VX-765 is an orally absorbed prodrug of VRT-043198, which exhibits potent inhibition against ICE/caspase-1 and caspase-4 with Ki of 0.8 nM and less than 0.6 nM, respectively. And VRT-043198 also inhibits IL-1β release from both PBMCs and whole blood with IC50 of 0.67 μM and 1.9 μM, respectively. [1]

Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot Bax / Bcl-2 / caspase-3 / caspase-1 / caspase-11 / GSDMD-N / GAPDH ; Cyto c / Tubulin ; Bid / tBid / Tubulin 32865056 30846986
IHC HE staining / TUNEL 31903272
Immunofluorescence GSDMD-NT 32865056
In vivo In collagen-induced arthritis mouse model, VX-765 (200 mg/kg) inhibits LPS-induced IL-1β production by about 60%, and results in a dose-dependent, statistically significant reduction in the inflammation scores and effective protection from joint changes. [1] In vivo, VX-765 blocks kindling epileptogenesis in rats by preventing IL-1β increase in forebrain astrocytes without significant effect on afterdischarge duration. [2] In the mouse model of acute seizures, VX-765 (50 mg/kg-200 mg/kg) produces the anticonvulsant effect by delaying the time to onset of the first seizure and decreasing the number of seizures as well as their total duration by average 50% and 64%. [3] In adult rats with genetic absence epilepsy (GAERS), VX-765, after the 3rd drug injection, significantly reduces the cumulative duration and number of spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) by 55% on average by selectively blocking IL-1β biosynthesis. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Animal Research:[1]
  • Animal Models: Collagen-induced arthritis mouse model.
  • Dosages: ≤200 mg/kg
  • Administration: Administered via p.o.

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

5mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 509
Formula

C24H33ClN4O6

CAS No. 273404-37-8
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CCOC1C(CC(=O)O1)NC(=O)C2CCCN2C(=O)C(C(C)(C)C)NC(=O)C3=CC(=C(C=C3)N)Cl

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01501383 Terminated Drug: VX-765 Part A|Drug: Placebo|Drug: VX-765 Part B Epilepsy Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated December 2011 Phase 2

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2022-01-17)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1:
The recommended dose of VX-765 is 100mg/kg p.o. in 25% cremophor EL in water. Is VX0765 directly soluble at 10mg/ml in 25% cremophor in water? How to formulate it for in vivo use in mice?

Answer:
You can prepare 25% cremophor EL in water first and then directly resuspend VX-765 powder in the vehicle. The powder may not be fully dissolved, but the suspension is stable and can be used for gavage feeding.

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