For research use only.
Catalog No.S4227 Synonyms: OPT-80, PAR-101
Molecular Weight(MW): 1058.04
Fidaxomicin is a narrow spectrum macrocyclic antibiotic that inhibits RNA polymerase sigma subunit.
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Choose Selective DNA/RNA Synthesis Inhibitors
|Description||Fidaxomicin is a narrow spectrum macrocyclic antibiotic that inhibits RNA polymerase sigma subunit.|
Fidaxomicin acts as a RNA polymerase inhibitor by binding to the DNA template–RNA polymerase (RNAP) complex prior to the formation of the open RNAP-DNA complex in which transcription is initiated. Therefore it will inhibit protein synthesis. As a result, apoptosis is triggered in susceptible organisms such as C. difficile. 
|In vivo||The minimum inhibitory concentration for 90% of organisms for fidaxomicin against C. difficile is 0.9978 to 2 μg/mL. Fidaxomicin is not systemically absorbed as shown by a plasma concentrations below the lower limit of quantification after single-dose or multiple-dose. In contrast, fecal concentrations of fidaxomicin are much higher and are concentration-dependent. Cmax = 2 hours; Tmax = 5.2 ng/mL; AUC = 14 ng•hr/mL. Fidaxomicin is hydrolyzed by gastric acid or intestinal microsomes into a less active metabolite (OP-1118). The cytochrome enzyme system are not involved in the metabolism of fidaxomicin. |
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (94.51 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04138706||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Vancomycin|Drug: Placebos||Clostridium Difficile Infection||McGill University Health Centre/Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre|Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)||April 2020||Phase 4|
|NCT02437591||Completed||Drug: fidaxomicin||Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)|Clostridium Difficile Infection (CDI)||Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd.|Astellas Pharma Inc||August 13 2015||Phase 4|
|NCT02395848||Recruiting||Drug: Fidaxomicin||Clostridium Difficile Infection||McMaster University|Vancouver Island Health Authority||July 2015||Phase 3|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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