CRT0044876

Catalog No.S7449 Synonyms: NSC 69877,7-NO2-ICA

CRT0044876 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 206.15

CRT0044876 is a potent and selective APE1 inhibitor with IC50 of ~3 μM.

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Biological Activity

Description CRT0044876 is a potent and selective APE1 inhibitor with IC50 of ~3 μM.
Targets
APE1 [1]
~3 μM
In vitro

CRT0044876 potently inhibits the AP endonuclease, 3'-phosphodiesterase and 3'-phosphatase activities of APE1, and exhibits the selectivity for the inhibition of exonuclease III family. CRT0044876 potentiates the cytotoxicity of several DNA base-targeting compounds with an accumulation of unrepaired AP sites. [1] CRT0044876, by inhibition of the BER pathway increases oxidative DNA damage temporally related to increased intracellular reactive oxygen species in an acidic tumor microenvironment, and thus results in cell cycle arrests and increased DNA double strand breaks, leading to cell death. [2]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:

[1]

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AP site cleavage assay:

BER reaction buffer comprises 40 mM HEPES–KOH (pH 7.8), 5 mM MgCl2, 0.5 mM DTT and 0.1 mM EDTA. A 10 μl AP site cleavage reaction comprised of BER buffer mix, purified protein (3.3 nM final concentration of APE1) and 0.75 ng reduced AP site double-stranded oligonucleotide. The mixture is incubated at 37°C for 1 h. A total of 1 μl of stop buffer (50% glycerol, 10 mM Tris–HCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.1% bromophenol blue and 0.1% Xylene cyanol) is added, and the sample mixture is denatured at 90–100°C for 2 min. The sample is then run on a 15% TBE Criterion™ Pre-Cast Gel, with electrophoresis at a constant current of 30 mA for 30 min, and the radiolabeled substrate and reaction products are visualized using a phosphorImager. The inhibitory activity of potential APE1-targeting compounds are analyzed at drug concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 100 μM. The resolved radiolabeled bands are quantified using ImageQuant software analysis, and IC50 values are calculated by determining the concentration of the inhibitor that reduced APE1 activity to 50% of the control values.
Cell Research:

[1]

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  • Cell lines: HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells
  • Concentrations: 100-500 μM
  • Incubation Time: 7-10 days
  • Method:

    HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells are grown in 2% RPMI medium [supplemented with penicillin 0.06 g/l, streptomycin 0.1 g/l (pH 7.0), 10% fetal bovine serum and 4 mM glutamine]. Only cells with a plating efficiency of ≥60% are used for clonogenic survival analysis. Tissue culture dishes (10 cm) are seeded with 500 cells per dish and the culture is maintained in a humidified incubator at 37°C in an atmosphere of 5% CO2 and 95% air. To evaluate the toxicity profile of putative APE1 inhibitors, various concentrations (100–500 μM) of inhibitor are added to the medium, and cultures were incubated for 7-10 days until cell colonies are formed. Colonies are fixed [75% (v/v) methanol, 25% (v/v) acetic acid] for 30 min and stained with crystal violet (1 mg/ml in distilled water) for 4 h at room temperature. Visible colonies are counted on a colony counter.


    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 41 mg/mL (198.88 mM)
Ethanol 1 mg/mL (4.85 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 206.15
Formula

C9H6N2O4

CAS No. 6960-45-8
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms NSC 69877,7-NO2-ICA

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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID