SB525334

Catalog No.S1476

For research use only.

SB525334 is a potent and selective inhibitor of TGFβ receptor I (ALK5) with IC50 of 14.3 nM in a cell-free assay, 4-fold less potent to ALK4 than ALK5 and inactive to ALK2, 3, and 6.

SB525334 Chemical Structure

CAS No. 356559-20-1

Selleck's SB525334 has been cited by 79 publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description SB525334 is a potent and selective inhibitor of TGFβ receptor I (ALK5) with IC50 of 14.3 nM in a cell-free assay, 4-fold less potent to ALK4 than ALK5 and inactive to ALK2, 3, and 6.
Targets
TGFβR1(ALK5) [1]
(Cell-free assay)
14.3 nM
In vitro

SB 525334 shows no inhibition in the enzymes ALK2, 3, and 6, with IC50 values > 10 μM. SB 525334 blocks phosphorylation induced by TGF-β1 and nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 in renal proximal tubule cells. SB 525334 also inhibits the increased mRNA expression levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and procollagen α1(I) induced by TGF-β1 in A498 renal epithelial carcinoma cells at 1 μM). [1] SB 525334 (1 μM) attenuates the heightened sensitivity to TGF-β1 exhibited by pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) from patients with familial forms of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). [2]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
rhPOSTN MV7BdI9xfG:|aYOgRZN{[Xl? MWewMlXDqM7:TdMg M1\pUlQ5yqCq NHf3U5R{cWewaX\pZ4FvfGy7IHTlZ5Jm[XOnczD0bIUhdnWvYnXyJI9nKGGyb4D0c5Rq[yClZXzsdy=> M2jn[VxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ2MUK5NVg5Lz5{NEGyPVE5QDxxYU6=
HUVECs NFPiSFhHfW6ldHnvckBCe3OjeR?= NE\nS3EyOCEQvF2= MX:yOE81QC95MjDo M{f1dYxm[WS|IITvJIEh\Gm|coXweIlwdiCxZjD0bIUhUFWYRVOgcY9vd2yjeXXyJIFnfGW{IEeyJIhz M1;JUVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ|OU[4PVgyLz5{M{m2PFk5OTxxYU6=
HUVECs Mm\USpVv[3Srb36gRZN{[Xl? M1r5V|ExKM7:TR?= NYiydmZiPzJiaB?= MlOwZoxw[2u|IIPp[45idGmwZx?= MnXDQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjN7Nki5PFEoRjJ|OU[4PVgyRC:jPh?=
HUVECs NYr4bIJrTnWwY4Tpc44hSXO|YYm= M3GxZlExKM7:TR?= MVO3NkBp NELFXoVz\WS3Y3XzJJRp\SCyaH;zdIhwenmuYYTpc44hd2Zic33h[FI> M1riXlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ|OU[4PVgyLz5{M{m2PFk5OTxxYU6=
MiaPaCa2 MVzD[YxtKF[rYXLpcIl1gSCDc4PhfS=> NHqxRWUxNTFyIN88US=> MYi3NkBp M3;3SIVn\mmlaXXueIx6KHKnZIXj[ZMhfGinII\pZYJqdGm2eTD3bZRpKGenbXPpeIFjcW6n MV68ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zOjN7OUW5O{c,OjJ|OUm1PVc9N2F-
AsPC1 M3jFe2NmdGxiVnnhZoltcXS7IFHzd4F6 NHfadFkxNTFyIN88US=> MnT1O|IhcA>? NGi2OWtm\m[rY3nlcpRtgSC{ZXT1Z4V{KHSqZTD2bYFjcWyrdImge4l1cCCpZX3jbZRi[mmwZR?= M3\NWlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ{M{m5OVk4Lz5{MkO5PVU6PzxxYU6=
PASMCs  MWnGeY5kfGmxbjDBd5NigQ>? MlnFNUDPxE1? NH7qR|UyPSCvaX6= MYDpcohq[mm2czDUS2Yu|rJzLX3l[IlifGWmIIDyc4xq\mW{YYTpc44hd2ZiZnHtbYxq[WxiaWDBTEBRSVOPQ4OgZZQh[W5iSVO1NOKhd2ZiMkm1JI5ud2xxTB?= M3fJblxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzF7MUG2N|YyLz5zOUGxOlM3OTxxYU6=
ELT-3  MYfGeY5kfGmxbjDBd5NigQ>? MXKwMlUwOS5yL{KuNEDPxE1? NFXzUIIyKGh? NWDRXoY5TE2VTx?= NFHaUYFqdmirYnn0d{BVT0ZvzsKgd4lodmGuaX7nJIlvKGynaX;tfY9u[XN? NGXIRVM9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9zN{WwOVAyOid-MUe1NFUxOTJ:L3G+
Sf9 NGjTV2dHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= NIjzTWJKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKHKnY3;tZolv[W62IFfTWE1nfXOnZDDBUGs2KGW6cILld5Nm\CCrbjDT[lkh[2WubIOsJGlEPTBiPTCwMlE3OiEQvF2u NVzM[mdTRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkC0O|I1PDVpPkKwOFczPDR3PD;hQi=>
TC32 M4PyS5FJXFNiYYPzZZk> NGL1S4pyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiVFOzNkBk\Wyucx?= NHTZVJQ9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
A673 NUfXfXRIeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NFfCNWhyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiQU[3N{Bk\Wyucx?= NYj3[pdCRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
Saos-2 NX3keW5zeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MmHDdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKFOjb4OtNkBk\Wyucx?= M4DoT|xiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
BT-37 NWCwZ2dleUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NXHyUG0yeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IFLUMVM4KGOnbHzz NWSxb3NlRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
BT-12 MVPxTHRUKGG|c3H5 MXPxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBRemmvYYL5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhSlRvMUKgZ4VtdHN? NED6N|U9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
NB1643 MUXxTHRUKGG|c3H5 M3LPd5FJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCQQkG2OFMh[2WubIO= NEGxXFA9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
OHS-50 NFrJfYlyUFSVIHHzd4F6 NILCSVFyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiT1jTMVUxKGOnbHzz MnvYQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
Rh41 NV62PGJjeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NIf2bXZyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiUni0NUBk\Wyucx?= M4C3SlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
SJ-GBM2 NYKzPVZneUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MVPxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBRemmvYYL5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhW0pvR1LNNkBk\Wyucx?= MkPZQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
SK-N-MC NGjNTolyUFSVIHHzd4F6 MnvNdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKFONLV6tUWMh[2WubIO= MWC8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot Fibronectin / E-cadherin / Hif-1α 29127306
Immunofluorescence E-cadherin / Vimentin 27471572
In vivo SB 525334 (10 mg/kg/day) decreases the renal mRNA levels of PAI-1, procollagen α1(I), and procollagen α1(III) in a nephritis-induced renal fibrosis rat model. Furthermore, PAN-induced proteinuria is significantly inhibited by SB 525334 (10 mg/kg/day). [1] SB 525334 may also be efficacious in mesenchymal tumors. SB 525334 (10 mg/kg/day) significantly decreases uterine mesenchymal tumor incidence, multiplicity, and size in Eker rats. [3] SB 525334 significantly reverses pulmonary arterial pressure and inhibits right ventricular hypertrophy in a rat model of PAH. This is revealed by a significant reduction in pulmonary arteriole muscularization induced by monocrotaline (used to induce PAH) after treatment with SB 525334 (3 or 30 mg/kg). [2] In a Bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice model, SB 525334 (10 mg/kg or 30 mg/kg) attenuates the histopathological alterations in the lung, and significantly decreased mRNA expression of Type I and III procollagen and fibronectin. SB 525334 also attenuates Smad2/3 nuclear translocation, myofibroblast proliferation, deposition of Type I collagen, and decreases CTGF-expressing cells. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:[1]
  • Kinase assay to determine the potency and selectivity of SB 525334:

    In order to determine the potency of SB 525334, purified GST-tagged kinase domain of ALK5 is incubated with purified GST-tagged full-length Smad3 in the presence of 33P-γATP and different concentrations of SB 525334. The readout is radioactively labeled Smad3. To determine the selectivity of SB 525334, purified GST-tagged kinase domain of ALK2 and ALK4 are incubated with GST-tagged full-length Smad1 and Smad3, respectively, in the presence of different concentrations of SB 525334. IC50 values are calculated.

Cell Research:[1]
  • Cell lines: Human renal proximal tubule epithelial (RPTE) cells
  • Concentrations: 1 μM
  • Incubation Time: 1 hour
  • Method: RPTE cells are seeded on microscope slides. The following day, the cells are starved for 24 hours to dosing by removal of the serum and epidermal growth factor. Cells are treated with either 10 ng/mL TGF-β1, 1 μM SB 525334, or a combination of both. Slides are pretreated with SB 525334 or starve media for 3 hours prior to a 1-hour incubation at 37 °C with TGF-β1 or starve media. The cells are then fixed and permeabilized. The slides are blocked with BSA, incubated with a mouse anti-Smad2/3 primary antibody followed by an anti-mouse IgG fluorescein secondary antibody. The slides are then viewed in a confocal microscope and nuclear signal intensity is analyzed.
  • (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[3]
  • Animal Models: Bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in female Eker rats
  • Dosages: Estimated dose of 10 mg/kg/day
  • Administration: Oral (in drinking water)
  • (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 68 mg/mL
(198.0 mM)
Ethanol 68 mg/mL
(198.0 mM)
Water Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+corn oil
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

20mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 343.42
Formula

C21H21N5

CAS No. 356559-20-1
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC1=NC(=CC=C1)C2=C(N=C(N2)C(C)(C)C)C3=CC4=NC=CN=C4C=C3

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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mg/kg g μL

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Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
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Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1:
I want to know the feasibility of using the compound via oral gavage in rodents (dosing, frequency, formulation…)?

Answer:
Our S1476 can be used for oral gavage in rodents, and the vehicle we suggest is: 30% Propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W (dextrose(5%)in water) at 20mg/ml maximum. Based on the following reference they administrated it at an estimated dose of 10 mg/kg/day in rat for 2 months: http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/13/10/3087.long

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