Alpha-Mangostin

Catalog No.S3804

For research use only.

Alpha-mangostin is the main xanthone purified from mangosteen and has health promoting benefits including anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and cardioprotective activities. alpha-Mangostin (α-Mangostin) is a dietary xanthone with broad biological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-allergic, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. It is an inhibitor of mutant IDH1 (IDH1-R132H) with a Ki of 2.85 μM. Alpha-mangostin is also an agonist of human STING.

Alpha-Mangostin Chemical Structure

CAS No. 6147-11-1

Selleck's Alpha-Mangostin has been cited by 1 Publication

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Biological Activity

Description Alpha-mangostin is the main xanthone purified from mangosteen and has health promoting benefits including anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and cardioprotective activities. alpha-Mangostin (α-Mangostin) is a dietary xanthone with broad biological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-allergic, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects. It is an inhibitor of mutant IDH1 (IDH1-R132H) with a Ki of 2.85 μM. Alpha-mangostin is also an agonist of human STING.
In vitro

α-mangostin shows both fast-binding and slow-binding inhibitions to FAS in vitro. It inhibits FAS overall reaction with a half-inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 5.54 μM non-competitively with respect to NADPH, and partially competitively against both substrates acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA. α-Mangostin could reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis in human breast cancer cells[1]. Alpha-mangostin significantly inhibits light-induced degeneration of photoreceptors and 200 μM H2O2-induced apoptosis of RPE cells. Alpha-mangostin can activate the expression of PKC-δ and down-regulate the expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including ERK1/2, JNK, P38[2].

In vivo Alpha-mangostin stimulation results in an increase of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity and glutathione (GSH) content both in vivo and vitro. It suppresses light-induced retina dysfunction. Alpha-mangostin has protective effect on kidney, heart and brain tissues against oxidative stress[2].

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:[1]
  • Cell lines: human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells
  • Concentrations: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 24 h and 48 h
  • Method: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells are treated with 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 10 μM α-mangostin for 24 h and 48 h. Cell viability is then determined by the CCK-8 assay.
Animal Research:[2]
  • Animal Models: Female balb/c mice, aged 8 weeks
  • Dosages: 10 mg/kg (lower-dose) or 30 mg/kg body weight (higher-dose)
  • Administration: intragastric administration

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 410.46
Formula

C24H26O6

CAS No. 6147-11-1
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC(=CCC1=C(C2=C(C=C1O)OC3=C(C2=O)C(=C(C(=C3)O)OC)CC=C(C)C)O)C

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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