Catalog No.S2185 Synonyms: AST-6
Molecular Weight(MW): 621.08
AST-1306 is a novel irreversible inhibitor of EGFR and ErbB2 with IC50 of 0.5 nM and 3 nM, also effective in mutation EGFR T790M/L858R, more potent to ErbB2-overexpressing cells, 3000-fold selective for ErbB family than other kinases.
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Reversal effect of AST-1306 on the sensitivity of NCI-H460/MX20 cells to mitoxantrone. The figure showes the survival curves of cells at different concentrations of mitoxantrone with or without AST-1306. Cell viability was determined by MTT Assay. NCI-H460 is lung cancer cell line while NCI-H460/MX20 is ABCG2 overexpressing drug (mitoxantrone) selected cell line.
Allitinib (AST-1306) purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||AST-1306 is a novel irreversible inhibitor of EGFR and ErbB2 with IC50 of 0.5 nM and 3 nM, also effective in mutation EGFR T790M/L858R, more potent to ErbB2-overexpressing cells, 3000-fold selective for ErbB family than other kinases.|
AST-1306 also ErB2 and EGFR T790M/L858R double mutant. AST-1306 is approximately 500-fold more potent than lapatinib and more than 3000-fold selective for ErbB family kinases over other kinase families including PDGFR, KDR and c-Met. AST-1306 might covalently bind to specific amino acid residues of EGFR and ErbB2. AST-1306 acts in a concentration dependent manner to significantly inhibit the growth of HIH3T3-EGFR T790M/L858R cells. AST-1306 effectively suppresses EGFR phosphorylation in HIH3T3-EGFR T790M/L858R cells. Moreover, AST-1306 blocks the growth of NCI-H1975 cells that harbor the EGFR T790M/L858R mutation in a concentration-dependent manner. AST-1306 blocks phosphorylation of EGFR and downstream pathways as well. In addition, AST-1306 dose-dependently and markedly inhibits EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation in A549 cells. AST-1306 inhibits the phosphorylation of EGFR and ErbB2, and downstream signaling in human cancer cells including A549 cells, Calu-3 cells and SK-OV-3 cells. 
|In vivo||Twice daily oral administration of AST-1306 gives rise to a dramatic prevention of tumor growth in SK-OV-3 and Calu-3 xenograft models. In SK-OV-3 models, tumors nearly disappears after treatment with AST-1306 for 7 days. In contrast, AST-1306 only slightly inhibits the growth of tumor in HO-8910 and A549 xenograft models. Therefore, the antitumor efficacy of AST-1306 is greater in ErbB2-overexpressing tumor models than in models expressing low levels of ErbB2. AST-1306 is well tolerated. Lapatinib displays antitumor activity in these ErbB2-overexpressing tumor models, but AST-1306 is more efficacious than lapatinib in the SK-OV-3 xenograft tumor model when given at the same dose and schedule. In addition, oral administration of AST-1306 twice daily for 3 weeks dramatically suppresses the growth of tumor in the FVB-2/Nneu models. After treatment for 11 days, tumors almost completely disappears. The body weights of the mice reduces by less than 20% during treatment. |
Tyrosine kinase assays:The tyrosine kinase activities are determined in 96-well ELISA plates precoated with 20 μg/mL Poly (Glu,Tyr)4:1. First, 80 μL of 5 μM ATP solution diluted in kinase reaction buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 20 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM MnCl2, 0.2 mM Na3VO4, 1 mM DTT) is added to each well. Various concentrations of AST-1306 diluted in 10 μL of 1% DMSO (v/v) are then added to each reaction well, with 1% DMSO (v/v) used as the negative control. Subsequently, the kinase reaction is initiated by the addition of purified tyrosine kinase proteins diluted in 10 μL of kinase reaction buffer solution. Experiments at each concentration are performed in duplicate. After incubation for 60 min at 37 °C, the plate is washed three times with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing 0.1% Tween 20 (T-PBS). Next, 100 μL anti-phosphotyrosine antibody (PY99, 1:500 dilution) diluted in T-PBS containing 5 mg/mL BSA is added. After 30 min incubation at 37 °C, the plate is washed three times as before. Horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-mouse IgG (100 μL) diluted 1:2000 in T-PBS containing 5 mg/mL BSA is added. The plate is reincubated at 37 °C for 30 min, and then washed with PBS. Finally, 100 μL of a solution containing 0.03 % H2O2 and 2 mg/mL o-phenylenediamine in 0.1 M citrate buffer, pH 5.5, is added and samples are incubated at room temperature until color emerged. The reaction is terminated by the addition of 50 μL of 2 M H2SO4, and the plate is read using a multi-well spectrophotometer at 490 nm. The inhibition rate (%) is calculated using the following equation: [1-(A490 treated /A490 control)] ×100%. IC50 values are determined from the results of at least three independent tests and calculated by Logit method.
|In vitro||DMSO||124 mg/mL (199.65 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% hydroxyethyl cellulose
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