AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42)
For research use only.
Catalog No.S1143 Synonyms: Zinc02557947
CAS No. 133550-30-8
AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42, Zinc02557947) is an inhibitor of EGFR with IC50 of 0.1 μM in cell-free assays, 135-fold more selective for EGFR versus ErbB2, also inhibits JAK2 with no activity to Lck, Lyn, Btk, Syk and Src.
Selleck's AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42) has been cited by 108 publications
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|Description||AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42, Zinc02557947) is an inhibitor of EGFR with IC50 of 0.1 μM in cell-free assays, 135-fold more selective for EGFR versus ErbB2, also inhibits JAK2 with no activity to Lck, Lyn, Btk, Syk and Src.|
AG-490 inhibits HER-2 driven cell proliferation with IC50 of 3.5 μM.  Corresponding to the specific dose-dependent inhibition of constitutively activated JAK2 in pre-B acute leukemia (ALL) cells, AG-490 (5 μM) almost completely blocks the growth of all ALL cells by inducing programmed cell death, with no deleterious effect on normal hematopoiesis. AG-490 does not inhibit the activities of Lck, Lyn, Btk, Syk, and Src.  AG-490 (60-100 μM) blocks the constitutive activation of Stat3sm, and inhibits spontaneous as well as interleukin 2-induced growth of mycosis fungoides (MF) tumor cells with IC50 values of 75 μM and 20 μM, respectively.  AG-490 potently inhibits IL-2-mediated human T cell growth with an IC50 of 25 μM by blocking the activities of JAK3 and STAT5a/b.  Although AG-490 alone has no effect on proliferation of FDrv210H cells at a concentration of 5 μM, AG-490 can synergize with STI571 to enhance its inhibitory effect on p210bcr-abl driven proliferation.  AG-490 significantly inhibits the constitutive activation of Stat3 in MOPC, MPC11, and S194 cells, leading to dramatic dose-dependent apoptosis.  AG-490 (100 μM) inhibits Akt phosphorylation, inhibits the activation of nuclear factor-κB, and causes the activation of GSK-3β, leading to the reduction of c-Myc. AG-490 (50 μM) can induce apoptosis of imatinib-resistant BaF3 cells expressing T315I and E255K mutants of Bcr-Abl.  AG-490 at 30 μM inhibits not only Epo-induced phosphorylation of wild-type JAK2 but also constitutive phosphorylation of the JAK2 V617F mutant. AG-490 also potently inhibits cytokine-independent cell growth induced by the JAK2 V617F mutant in BaF3 cells. 
|In vivo||Administration of AG-490 drastically reduces the numbers of CD45+ and HLA-DR+ cells from 48 % and 46% in bone marrow of untreated mice, as well as 38% and 22% in the spleen of untreated mice to undetectale levels.  In vivo administration of AG-490 causes murine myeloma tumor cell apoptosis but does not inhibit IL-12-mediated macrophage activation and IFN-γ production by lymphocytes.  Consistent with the in vitro blocking of JAK2 V617F mutant activity, AG-490 treatment at 0.5 mg/day for 10 days effectively inhibits JAK2 V617F mutant-induced tumorigenesis and tumor cell invasion in nude mice.  Combined therapy with AG-490 and IL-12 induces greater antitumor effects than either agent alone in a murine myeloma tumor model. |
In vitro kinase autophosphorylation:AG-490 is dissolved in DMSO 10%-H2O-ethanol 45%. Crude membrane extracts (0.125 μg/mL) are preactivated with EGF (20 nM) in 50 mM HEPES buffer, pH 7.6, and 125 mM NaCl, for 15 minutes at 4 °C. Autophosphorylation activity of EGFR or ErbB2 kinase is assayed at 4 °C for 30 seconds in V-shaped 96-well plates. Membrane extracts (8 μL) are added to each well containing reaction mixture (12 μL, 50mM, HEPES, pH 7.4,125 mM NaCl, 12 mM M8Ac2, 2 mM MnCl2, 1 mM NaVO3, 1 μM ATP, and 1 μCi[γ-32P]ATP, final concentrations) and increasing concentrations of AG-490 (4 μL). After termination by addition of hot sample buffer, the samples are run on a 6% SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis minigel, the gels dried, and autoradiography performed during the linear exposure time period. The receptor bands are scanned densitrometrically, and the results analyzed by the Ez-Fit program. For the analysis of autophosphorylation of JAK2, JAK2 is immunoprecipitated by using anti-JAK2 antibody from lysates of G2 cells pretreated for 16 hours with increasing concentrations of AG-490 (0-50 μM). Immune complexes are then immunoblotted with anti-phosphotyrosine antibody. A dose-dependent inhibition of in vitro kinase activity is demonstrated by assessing JAK2 autophosphorylation.
-  Gazit A, et al. J Med Chem, 1991, 34(6), 1896-1907.
-  Meydan N, et al. Nature, 1996, 379(6566), 645-648.
-  Nielsen M, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1997, 94(13), 6764-6769.
|In vitro||DMSO||58 mg/mL (197.07 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+40% PEG300+5% Tween80+50% ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Frequently Asked Questions
I would like to know whether AG490 (S1143) goes to CNS through BBB, or not?
AG-490 can go through the BBB. You can see this reference: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/content/111/4/2062.full.html.