For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 270.24
Genistein, a phytoestrogen found in soy products, is a highly specific inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) which blocks the mitogenic effect mediated by EGF on NIH-3T3 cells with IC50 of 12μM or by insulin with IC50 of 19 μM.
Selleck's Genistein has been cited by 7 publications
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|Description||Genistein, a phytoestrogen found in soy products, is a highly specific inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) which blocks the mitogenic effect mediated by EGF on NIH-3T3 cells with IC50 of 12μM or by insulin with IC50 of 19 μM.|
Genistein is an ATP competitive inhibitor. Genistein inhibits tyrosine phosphorylation in isolated enzyme and receptor preparations and in whole cells including platelets, lymphocytes and a variety of cultured cells. It also inhibits EGF-stimulated phosphorylation in cultured cells as well as inhibition of Topo II (topoisomerase II). Genistein inhibits EGF-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation in cultured A431 epidermoid carcinoma cells. Inhibition is competitive with ATP and noncompetitive with substrate.  Genistein blocks the mitogenic effect mediated by EGF, insulin and thrombin on NIH-3T3 cells. Genistein also acts as an agonist at the GPR30 receptor and binds to PPARγ and estrogen receptors. Genistein also binds to PPARγ, acting as an agonist at this receptor with Ki of 5.7 μM. 
|In vivo||Genistein has chemopreventive effects on breast, prostate, and other endocrine-dependent tumors in adult animals. Genistein in the diet reduced the incidence of poorly differentiated prostatic adenocarcinomas in a dose-dependent manner and down-regulated androgen receptor, estrogen receptor-alpha, progesterone receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor, insulin-like growth factor-I, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 but not estrogen receptor-beta and transforming growth factor-alpha mRNA expressions. Dietary genistein protects against mammary and prostate cancers by regulating specific sex steroid receptors and growth factor signaling pathways. Genistein combined with prostate tumor irradiation causes greater inhibition of primary tumor growth and increases control of spontaneous metastasis to para-aortic lymph nodes, increasing mouse survival. Paradoxically, treatment with genistein alone increases metastasis to lymph nodes. |
-  Akiyama T, et al. J Biol Chem, 1987, 262(12), 5592-5595.
-  Linassier C, et al. Biochem Pharmacol, 1990, 39(1), 187-193.
-  Dang ZC, et al. J Biol Chem, 2003, 278(2), 962-967.
|In vitro||DMSO||54 mg/mL (199.82 mM)|
|Ethanol||2 mg/mL (7.4 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
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Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01982578||Recruiting||Dietary Supplement: Genistein|Other: Placebo||Alzheimer''s Disease||Fundación para la Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia|University of Valencia||September 1 2017||Not Applicable|
|NCT02499861||Completed||Drug: Decitabine and Genistein||Cancer||St. Justine''s Hospital||July 2015||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01628471||Completed||Drug: decitabine in combination with genistein||Non Small Cell Lung Cancer||Uman Pharma|DSM Nutritional Products Inc.|MDEIE Ministry Québec Government|INRS-Institut Armand Frappier Université du Québec||November 2012||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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