For research use only.
Catalog No.S8039 Synonyms: NSC 750424
CAS No. 873436-91-0
Zelavespib (PU-H71, NSC 750424) is a potent and selective inhibitor of HSP90 with IC50 of 51 nM. Phase 1.
Selleck's Zelavespib (PU-H71) has been cited by 8 publications
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Effects of low-level HSP90 inhibition (by ganetespib, 2-5 nM; PU-H71, 40-70 nM) or febrile-range temperature (39 ℃) on HSP70 and HSP90 protein levels in FANCA wild-type cells. High-level HSP90 inhibition (ganetespib, 25 nM; PU-H71, 300 nM) as well as proteotoxic proteasomal inhibition (MG132, 2.5 mM) induced the expression of HSP70. Constitutive (upper band: C) and inducible forms (lower band: I) of HSP70 are indicated. HSP90 levels are shown for comparison.
Cell, 2017, 168(5):856-866. Zelavespib (PU-H71) purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Zelavespib (PU-H71, NSC 750424) is a potent and selective inhibitor of HSP90 with IC50 of 51 nM. Phase 1.|
|Features||Purine-based, HSP90-selective inhibitor.|
PU-H71 (1 μM) potently suppresses the growth of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) cell lines MDA-MB-468, MDA-MB-231, and HCC-1806 with IC50 of 65, 140 and 87 nM, respectively. PU-H71 (1 μM) kills 80%, 65%, and 80% of the initial population of MDA-MB-468, MDA-MB-231, and HCC-1806 cells, respectively. PU-H71 (0.25-1 μM) induces a dose-dependent degradation or inactivation of tumor driving molecules, including EGFR, IGF1R, HER3, c-Kit, Raf-1and Akt. Treatment for 24 h with 1 μM PU-H71, augments the percent of cells in G2-M phase of MDA-MB-468 to 69%, mediated by reduction in CDK1 and Chk1 expression. PU-H71 induces apoptosis in TNBC in part by inactivation and downregulation of Akt and Bcl-xL. PU-H71 leads to a proteasome-mediated reduction in IRAK-1 and TBK1 levels, resulting in approximately 84% and 90% reduction in NF-κB activity in MDA-MB-231 cells treated with 0.5 and 1μM PU-H71, respectively. PU-H71 markedly contains MDA-MB-231 cell invasion, with 90% suppression at 1 μM.  PU-H71 (2.5 μM) generates endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activated the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) as evidenced by XBP1 mRNA splicing (2.3-fold) and up-regulation of Grp94 (3.7-fold), Grp78 (4.9-fold), and CHOP (48-fold) protein expression and ATF4 (1.8-fold) mRNA expression. PU-H71 (1 μM) induces the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis in HeLa cells, mediated by caspase but not calpain activation. In response to PU-H71-induced ER stress, apoptosis is triggered in melanoma, cervix, colon, liver and lung cancer cells, but not in normal human fibroblasts. PU-H71 is able to induce apoptosis overcoming the resistance conferred by Bcl-2.  PU-H71 (30 n M) significantly reduces NOS2 activity (60% reduction) and expression in LI (1 μg/mL LPS and 5 ng/mL IFN γ)-stimulated astrocytes via inhibiting NF-κB element activation. PU-H71 displays similar effects on microglial cells as on astrocytes, with 50 nM PU-H71 needed to significantly reduce the LPS dependent nitrite release. 
|In vivo||PU-H71 administered at 75 mg/kg a.d. in the MDA-MB-231 model, induces a 100% complete response, and tumors are reduced to scar tissue after 37 days of treatment, accompanied with reduction in many proliferative and anti-apoptotic molecules, namely an 80%, 95%, 99%, 80%, and 65% decrease in EGFR, HER3, Raf-1, Akt, and p-Akt, respectively. PU-H71 (75 mg/kg, 3 times per week) induces a 96% inhibition of tumor growth, accompanied by an 60% reduction in tumor cell proliferation, an 85% decline in activated Akt associated with survival and high invasive potential, and a 6-fold increase in apoptosis. |
HSP90 binding assay:Measurements are performed in black 96-well microtiter plates. Cell lysates are prepared by rupturing cellular membranes by freezing at -70℃ and dissolving the cellular extract in HFB [20 mM Hepes (K), pH 7.3, 50 mM KCl, 5 mM MgCl2, 20 mM Na2MoO4, 0.01% Nonidet P-40] with added protease and phosphatase inhibitors. Saturation curves are recorded in which fluorescently labeled geldanamycin (Cy3B-GM) (3 nM) is treated with increasing amounts of cellular lysates. The amount of lysate that results in polarization (mP) readings corresponding to 90%-99% bound ligand is chosen for the competition study. Here, each 96-well plate contains 3 nM Cy3B-GM, cellular lysate (amounts as determined and normalized to total Hsp90 as determined by Western blot analysis using Hsp90 purified from HeLa cells as standard) and tested Hsp90 inhibitor in a final volume of 100 μL. The plate is left for 24 h on a shaker at 4 ℃, and the fluorescence polarization (FP) values in mP are recorded. EC50 values are determined as the competitor concentrations at which 50% of the Cy3B-GM is displaced. FP measurements are performed on an Analyst GT microplate reader.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (195.17 mM)|
|Water||34 mg/mL warmed (66.35 mM)|
|Ethanol||''100 mg/mL warmed|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03935555||Recruiting||Drug: PU-H71||Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF)|Post-Polycythemia Vera Myelofibrosis (Post-PV MF)|Post-Essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis (Post-ET MF)||Samus Therapeutics Inc.||August 12 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03373877||Terminated||Drug: PU-H71|Drug: Ruxolitinib||Myelofibrosis|Primary Myelofibrosis|Post-polycythemia Vera Myelofibrosis|Post-essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis||Samus Therapeutics Inc.||May 24 2018||Phase 1|
|NCT01393509||Active not recruiting||Drug: PU-H71||Metastatic Solid Tumor|Lymphoma|Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN)||Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center||July 2011||Phase 1|
|NCT01581541||Terminated||Drug: PU-H71||Solid Tumors|Lymphoma||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)||April 26 2011||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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