Molecular Weight(MW): 454.53
TAS-116 is a novel, small-molecule HSP90 inhibitor which inhibits geldanamycin-FITC binding to HSP90 proteins with Ki values of 34.7 nmol/L, 21.3 nmol/L, >50,000 nmol/L, and >50,000 nmol/L for HSP90α, HSP90β, GRP94, and TRAP1, respectively. Furthermore, TAS-116 does not inhibit other ATPases such as HSP70 (IC50 >200 μmol/L).
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|Description||TAS-116 is a novel, small-molecule HSP90 inhibitor which inhibits geldanamycin-FITC binding to HSP90 proteins with Ki values of 34.7 nmol/L, 21.3 nmol/L, >50,000 nmol/L, and >50,000 nmol/L for HSP90α, HSP90β, GRP94, and TRAP1, respectively. Furthermore, TAS-116 does not inhibit other ATPases such as HSP70 (IC50 >200 μmol/L).|
TAS-116 is a selective inhibitor of cytosolic HSP90α and β that does not inhibit HSP90 paralogs such as endoplasmic reticulum GRP94 or mitochondrial TRAP1. Treatment of HCT116 cells with 0.3 μmol/L TAS-116 for 8 hours results in reduced levels of DDR1, which interacts with HSP90α and induction of HSP70, which is a surrogate marker of cytosolic HSP90 inhibition.
Oral administration of TAS-116 leads to tumor shrinkage in human tumor xenograft mouse models accompanied by depletion of multiple HSP90 clients. In a rat model, the antitumor activity of TAS-116 is accompanied by a higher distribution of the compound in subcutaneously xenografted NCI-H1975 non-small cell lung carcinoma tumors than in retina. TAS-116 shows activity against orthotopically transplanted NCI-H1975 lung tumors. Pharmacokinetic profiling of TAS-116 in rodent and nonrodent species shows that TAS-116 is orally absorbed and had a bioavailability of almost 100% in mice, 69.0% in rats, and 73.9% in dogs without special formulation. In a HER2-expressing NCI-N87 human gastric cancer xenograft mouse model, chronic administration of TAS-116 is tolerable, with the average weight loss in mice not exceeding 10% during the treatment period.
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