For research use only.
Catalog No.S4712 Synonyms: Ethyl maleate|Maleic acid|diethyl ester|Maleic acid diethyl ester
Molecular Weight(MW): 172.18
Diethylmaleate is the diethyl ester of maleic acid and a glutathione-depleting compound that inhibits NF-kB.
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|Description||Diethylmaleate is the diethyl ester of maleic acid and a glutathione-depleting compound that inhibits NF-kB.|
DEM induces upregulation of GSH(L-c-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine) metabolism, and the downregulation of pathways of cancer, chemokine signaling, cytokine-cytokine receptor, and focal adhesion in transformed cells. DEM appears to modify microenvironment of transformed cells thereby restraining tumor cell growth. DEM is cytotoxic to the transformed cells in a concentration dependent manner. DEM at 0.25 mM decreases cell viability to 75%. The co-exposure of cells to DEM+GSHe inhibits DEM induced cytotoxicity. DEM exposure increases the ROS generation by multiple orders of magnitude in transformed cells. This is evident from the dose and time dependent increase in fluorescence intensity of CMH2DCFDA. Moreover, DEM activates MAPK pathway and DEM induced activation of ERK is found to be due to phosphorylation at Thr 202/204.
|In vivo||Sperm motility and epididymal sperm count are significantly reduced in the DEM treated animals. Fertility status is also affected by DEM exposure as is evident from the percent fertility and the litter size. consequences of the oxidative stress produced by the DEM induces glutathione depletion, on the reproductive ability of male mice and modulation of the various components of the antioxidant defense system at the transcriptional level.|
|Density||1.064 g/mL at 25 °C|
|Synonyms||Ethyl maleate|Maleic acid|diethyl ester|Maleic acid diethyl ester|
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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