For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 430.51
BTSA1 is a pharmacologically optimized BAX activator that binds with high affinity and specificity to the N-terminal activation site and induces conformational changes to BAX leading to BAX-mediated apoptosis. It effectively promotes apoptosis in leukemia cell lines and patient samples while sparing healthy cells.
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|Description||BTSA1 is a pharmacologically optimized BAX activator that binds with high affinity and specificity to the N-terminal activation site and induces conformational changes to BAX leading to BAX-mediated apoptosis. It effectively promotes apoptosis in leukemia cell lines and patient samples while sparing healthy cells.|
BTSA1 has no capacity to directly activate the pro-apoptotic homolog BAK. BTSA1 treatment potently and dose-responsively induces membrane translocation of recombinant soluble BAX to mitochondrial membrane, which is followed by induction of BAX oligomerization. BTSA1-induced BAX activation promotes apoptosis in cancer cells. BTSA1 reduces viability of all AML cell lines in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values ranged between 1 and 4 μM, which leads to complete effect within 24 hr treatment. It induces dose-dependent caspase-3/7 activation in all five AML cell lines.
|In vivo||BTSA1 potently suppresses human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) xenografts and increases host survival without toxicity. It is well-tolerated in mice with no toxic effects on healthy hematopoiesis, including healthy stem cellenriched (LSK) cells, common myeloid progenitors, granulocyte-monocyte progenitors, and megakaryocyte-erythrocyte progenitors. BTSA1 has substantial half-life in mouse plasma (T1/2 = 15 hr) and oral bioavailability (%F = 51), while a 10 mg/kg dose reaches sufficient levels (~15 μM) of BTSA1 to induce BAX activation and apoptosis in leukemia cells. Thus, BTSA1 is orally bioavailable with excellent pharmacokinetics, has significant anti-tumor activity in leukemia xenografts by promoting apoptosis, and at therapeutically effective doses it does not show any detectable toxicity in the hematopoietic system or other tissues.|
|In vitro||DMSO||81 mg/mL (188.14 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
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Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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