BTSA1

Catalog No.S8650

For research use only.

BTSA1 is a pharmacologically optimized BAX activator that binds with high affinity and specificity to the N-terminal activation site and induces conformational changes to BAX leading to BAX-mediated apoptosis. It effectively promotes apoptosis in leukemia cell lines and patient samples while sparing healthy cells.

BTSA1 Chemical Structure

CAS No. 314761-14-3

Selleck's BTSA1 has been cited by 2 Publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description BTSA1 is a pharmacologically optimized BAX activator that binds with high affinity and specificity to the N-terminal activation site and induces conformational changes to BAX leading to BAX-mediated apoptosis. It effectively promotes apoptosis in leukemia cell lines and patient samples while sparing healthy cells.
Targets
Bax [1]
()
In vitro

BTSA1 has no capacity to directly activate the pro-apoptotic homolog BAK. BTSA1 treatment potently and dose-responsively induces membrane translocation of recombinant soluble BAX to mitochondrial membrane, which is followed by induction of BAX oligomerization. BTSA1-induced BAX activation promotes apoptosis in cancer cells. BTSA1 reduces viability of all AML cell lines in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values ranged between 1 and 4 μM, which leads to complete effect within 24 hr treatment. It induces dose-dependent caspase-3/7 activation in all five AML cell lines[1].

In vivo BTSA1 potently suppresses human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) xenografts and increases host survival without toxicity. It is well-tolerated in mice with no toxic effects on healthy hematopoiesis, including healthy stem cellenriched (LSK) cells, common myeloid progenitors, granulocyte-monocyte progenitors, and megakaryocyte-erythrocyte progenitors. BTSA1 has substantial half-life in mouse plasma (T1/2 = 15 hr) and oral bioavailability (%F = 51), while a 10 mg/kg dose reaches sufficient levels (~15 μM) of BTSA1 to induce BAX activation and apoptosis in leukemia cells. Thus, BTSA1 is orally bioavailable with excellent pharmacokinetics, has significant anti-tumor activity in leukemia xenografts by promoting apoptosis, and at therapeutically effective doses it does not show any detectable toxicity in the hematopoietic system or other tissues[1].

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:

[1]

  • Cell lines: AML cells
  • Concentrations: --
  • Incubation Time: 2.5 hr
  • Method:

    AML cells (2 × 104 cells/well) are seeded in 96-well white plates and incubated with serial dilutions of BTSA1 or BTSA2 or vehicle (0.15% DMSO) in no FBS media for 2.5 hr, followed by 10% FBS replacement to a final volume of 100 μl. Cell viability is assayed at 24 hr.

Animal Research:

[3]

  • Animal Models: 6-8 weeks old NOD-SCID IL2Rg null (NSG) mice/6-8 weeks old ICR (CD-1) male mice
  • Dosages: 10 mg/kg
  • Administration: by an oral gavage or intravenous injection

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 81 mg/mL
(188.14 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 430.51
Formula

C21H14N6OS2

CAS No. 314761-14-3
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles C1=CC=C(C=C1)C2=CSC(=N2)N3C(=O)C(=C(N3)C4=CC=CC=C4)N=NC5=NC=CS5

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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