Anlotinib (AL3818) dihydrochloride
For research use only.
CAS No. 1360460-82-7
Anlotinib (AL3818) is a highly potent and selective VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 less than 1 nM. It has broad-spectrum antitumor potential in clinical trials. Please use saline solution rather than PBS for dilutions. PBS may cause precipitation.
Selleck's Anlotinib (AL3818) dihydrochloride has been cited by 12 publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective VEGFR Inhibitors
|Description||Anlotinib (AL3818) is a highly potent and selective VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 less than 1 nM. It has broad-spectrum antitumor potential in clinical trials. Please use saline solution rather than PBS for dilutions. PBS may cause precipitation.|
Anlotinib occupies the ATP-binding pocket of VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase and shows high selectivity and inhibitory potency (IC 50 <1 nmol/L) for VEGFR2 relative to other tyrosine kinases. Anlotinib inhibits VEGFR2 and VEGFR3 with IC50 values of 0.2 and 0.7 nmol/L, respectively. The inhibitory potency of anlotinib against VEGFR1 is lower, with an IC50 value of 26.9 nmol/L. The IC50 values of anlotinib for inhibition of the PDGFR-related kinases c-Kit and PDGFRβ are 14.8 and 115.0 nmol/L, respectively. Anlotinib has little effect on the activity of other kinases, including c-Met, c-Src, EGFR and HER2, even at a concentration of 2000 nmol/L. Anlotinib inhibits VEGF-induced signaling and cell proliferation in HUVEC with picomolar IC50 values. However, micromolar concentrations of anlotinib are required to inhibit tumor cell proliferation directly in vitro. Anlotinib significantly inhibits HUVEC migration and tube formation; it also inhibits microvessel growth from explants of rat aorta in vitro.
|In vivo||Anlotinib decreases vascular density in tumor tissue in vivo. Compared with the well-known tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib, once-daily oral dose of anlotinib shows broader and stronger in vivo antitumor efficacy and, in some models, causes tumor regression in nude mice. It is well-tolerated in mice. Anlotinib is efficacious at doses (1.5‐6 mg/kg daily) that are significantly lower than effective doses of other TKI, which require doses of 20‐100 mg/kg to achieve significant inhibition of tumor growth in mice. In vivo, anlotinib has showed broad activity against human tumor xenograft models of the colon (SW-620), ovarian (SK-OV-3), liver (SMMC-7721), renal (Caki-1), glioma (U87MG), and non-small cell lung (Calu-3) during dosing period. In Sprague-Dawley rats and beagle dogs, anlotinib is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tracks after oral administration. The oral bioavailability is 23-45 % in rats and 47-74 % in dogs. Anlotinib exhibits large volume of distribution in both species. In rats, primary tissues, such as the lung, kidneys, liver, and heart, exhibit significant higher exposure levels to anlotinib compared with that in plasma. The exposure level in the brain is comparable with the corresponding plasma level. In tumor-bearing mice, anlotinib concentrates 2.4-2.6 times in tumor tissue than in plasma. In human, anlotinib exhibits a quite long t1/2 (96 ± 17 h), which appeared to be dose-independent. The terminal half-life of anlotinib in dogs (22.8±11.0 h) is longer than that in rats (5.1±1.6 h). This difference appeares to be mainly associated with an interspecies difference in total plasma clearance (rats, 5.35±1.31 L/h/kg; dogs, 0.40±0.06 L/h/kg). In human plasma, anlotinib is predominantly bound to albumin and lipoproteins, rather than to α1-acid glycoprotein or γ-globulins.|
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay:Inhibitory activity of anlotinib against tyrosine kinases was determined using ELISA. Reaction of ATP with tyrosine kinase was initiated in reaction buffer (50 mmol/L HEPES pH 7.4, 50 mmol/L MgCl2, 0.5 mmol/L MnCl2, 0.2 mmol/L Na3VO4, 1 mmol/L DTT) and incubated for 1 hour at 37°C in 96-well plates precoated with 20 μg/mL Poly(Glu,Tyr)4:1. The plate was incubated with PY99 antibody and then with HRP-conjugated anti-mouse IgG. After reaction with o-phenylenediamine solution and then termination with the addition of 2N H2SO4, absorbance was measured at 490 nm using a Synergy H4 Hybrid reader.
|In vitro||DMSO||96 mg/mL (199.85 mM)|
|Water||96 mg/mL (199.85 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02825563||Completed||Drug: Anlotinib||Advanced Cancer||Chia Tai Tianqing Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.||June 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02752516||Unknown status||Drug: Anlotinib||Cancer||Chia Tai Tianqing Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.||April 27 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02622932||Completed||Drug: Anlotinib and 14C-labeled Anlotinib||Advanced Solid Tumors||Chia Tai Tianqing Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.||December 2 2015||Phase 1|
|NCT02584478||Recruiting||Drug: AL3818|Drug: Carboplatin|Drug: Paclitaxel||Endometrial Carcinoma|Ovarian Carcinoma|Fallopian Tube Carcinoma|Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma|Cervical Carcinoma||Advenchen Laboratories LLC||December 2015||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02558348||Terminated||Drug: AL3818||Endometrial Cancer|Ovarian Cancer|Cervical Cancer||Advenchen Laboratories LLC||November 2015||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.