For research use only.
Licensed by Pfizer Catalog No.S1331 Synonyms: UK 49858
Molecular Weight(MW): 306.27
Fluconazole is a fungal lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase inhibitor, which thereby prevents the formation of ergosterol,used in the treatment and prevention of superficial and systemic fungal infections.
Selleck's Fluconazole has been cited by 7 publications
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|Description||Fluconazole is a fungal lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase inhibitor, which thereby prevents the formation of ergosterol,used in the treatment and prevention of superficial and systemic fungal infections.|
Fluconazole in combination with amphotericin B (AmB) has a synergistic effect on C. albicans planktonic cells but does not alter AmB activity against biofilms. Fluconazole and caspofungin have an antagonistic effect against biofilms but not with planktonic cells. Fluconazole-mediated membrane perturbation (due to inhibition of ergosterol biosynthesis) increases calcineurin inhibitor intracellular concentrations. Fluconazole treatment significantly reduces levels of ergosterol within the cell in C. albicans planktonic cells, leading to cell membrane perturbation.  Fluconazole activity is less sensitive to acidic medium than is that of ketoconazole. Fluconazole is approximately 16-fold less active than ketoconazole against 35 representative isolates of C. albicans at physiologic pH.  Fluvastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug, exhibits minimal activity (MICs of 64 to >128 mg/mL) against Candida species and Cryptococcus neoformans. Fluconazole combined with itraconazole exhibits potent activities against C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis, and C. neoformans, including flucon- azole-resistant strains of C. albicans and C. tropicalis. 
|In vivo||Fluconazole is very effective in prolonging survival of rats infected with a representative candidal strain.  Fluconazole has a dramatic effect on the fungicidal activity of flucytosine in murine cryptococcal meningitis. Fluconazole combined with flucytosine and amphotericin B have significantly improved activity against cryptococcal meningitis compared with the activity of each drug used alone. |
-  Uppuluri P, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2008, 52(3), 1127-1132.
-  Rogers TE, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1986, 30(3), 418-422.
-  Chin NX, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1997, 41(4), 850-852.
|In vitro||DMSO||61 mg/mL (199.17 mM)|
|Ethanol||61 mg/mL (199.17 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04122560||Recruiting||Drug: Fluconazole 200mg tab|Drug: Fluconazole 2 MG/ML||Fluconazole|Candidiasis|Invasive Fungal Infections|Obesity||Radboud University|St. Antonius Hospital||November 30 2019||Phase 4|
|NCT04038008||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Fluconazole|Drug: Diflucan®||Bioequivalence||Pharmtechnology LLC|Altasciences Company Inc.||July 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT04252027||Recruiting||Other: Sample collection||Critically Ill Patients||Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven|KU Leuven||April 23 2019||--|
|NCT04201054||Completed||Drug: Fluconazole||Healthy Volunteers||Parc de Salut Mar||March 25 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03659162||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Azole Antifungal||Fungal Infection||Assiut University||February 17 2019||--|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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