Catalog No.S2344 Synonyms: 1-Piperoylpiperidine
Molecular Weight(MW): 285.34
Piperine (1-Piperoylpiperidine) is the alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper, which has also been used in some forms of traditional medicine and as an insecticide.
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Piperine attenuates inflammation in the substantia nigra (SN) of the MPTP-treated brains. (A) Iba-1-immunostaining was performed on brain sections for microglia. Piperine alleviated microglia activating caused by MPTP. (B) Brain tissue was stained with the anti-interleukin-1β (IL-1β) antibody in the SN. MPTP notably increased the expression of IL-1β in the SN of the mice and the increase was partly blocked by piperine. (C) Western blot analysis of IL-1β expression in the SN. (D) Densitometric analysis of western blot analyses of IL-1β. Densitometry was measured by Quantity One 1-D analyze software (Universal Hood II; Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, CA, USA). Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation, *P<0.05, compared to MPTP.
Int J Mol Med, 2015, 36(5):1369-76.. Piperine purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Piperine (1-Piperoylpiperidine) is the alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper, which has also been used in some forms of traditional medicine and as an insecticide.|
Piperine (1-Piperoylpiperidine) is the alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper, along with chavicine (an isomer of piperine). It has also been used in some forms of traditional medicine and as an insecticide. Piperine has been found to inhibit human CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein, enzymes important for the metabolism and transport of xenobiotics and metabolites.  Piperine is found to be cytotoxic towards DLA and EAC cells at a concentration of 250 μ g/ml. Piperine (1.14 mg/dose/animal) could inhibit the solid tumor development in mice induced with DLA cells and increase the life span of mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma tumor. 
|In vivo||LD50: Mice 15.1mg/kg (i.v.), 43mg/kg (i.p.), 200mg/kg (s.c.), 330mg/kg (i.g.); Rats 33.5mg/kg (i.p.), 514mg/kg (i.g.) |
|In vitro||DMSO||57 mg/mL (199.76 mM)|
|Ethanol||57 mg/mL (199.76 mM)|
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