Catalog No.S2262 Synonyms: NSC 83244, LY 080400
Molecular Weight(MW): 270.24
Apigenin is a potent P450 inhibitor for CYP2C9 with Ki of 2 μM.
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The effects of apigenin and GLUT-1 AS-ODNs on xenograft apoptosis (the second experiment), observed an under optical microscope (magnification, ×400), and the percentage of apoptotic cells in 100 cells per field was counted and used to calculate the mean apoptosis index (AI). AI, apoptotic index.
Oncol Rep, 2015, 34(4):1805-14. Apigenin purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective P450 (e.g. CYP17) Inhibitors
|Description||Apigenin is a potent P450 inhibitor for CYP2C9 with Ki of 2 μM.|
|Features||Much more potent than kaempferol and myricetin in CT-L inhibition.|
Apigenin inhibits PKC by competing with adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Apigenin also reduces the level of TPA-stimulated phosphorylation of cellular proteins and inhibits TPA-induced c-jun and c-fos expression. Apigenin exhibits the reverting effect on the transformed morphology of v-H-ras transformed NIH3T3 cells.  Apigenin has been shown to possess anti-mutagenic properties in a setting of nitropyrene-induced genotoxicity in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Apigenin suppresses of LPS-induced cyclooxygenase-2 and nitric oxide synthase-2 activity and expression in mouse macrophages. Apigenin has been reported to inhibit protein kinase C activity, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), transformation of C3HI mouse embryonic fibroblasts and downstream oncogenes in v-Ha-ras-transformed NIH3T3 cells. Apigenin blocks peroxisome proliferation-regulated kinase (ERK), a MAPK in isolated hepatocytes. Apigenin has further been shown to down-regulate the expression of the Na+/Ca2+-exchanger, a protein important for calcium extrusion in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. Apigenin induces a reversible G2/M and G0/G1 arrest by inhibiting p34 (cdc2) kinase activity, accompanied by increased p53 protein stability in epidermal cells and fibroblasts. Apigenin is also effective in inhibiting TNFα-induced intracellular adhesion molecule-1 upregulation in cultured human endothelial cells. Apigenin inhibits the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF via the PI3K/Akt/p70S6K1 and HDM2/p53 pathways in human ovarian cancer cells.  Apigenin inhibits differentiation by suppressing MAPK signal transduction and reducing API transcription factor level in human keratinocytes. Apigenin also inhibits proliferating of human keratinocytes. 
|In vivo||Apigenin down-regulates production of IL-4 in ovalbumin-immunized BALB/C mice. Apigenin inhibits melanoma lung metastases by impairing interaction of tumor cells with endothelium. Apigenin is shown to cause a significant increase in uterine weight and overall uterine concentration of estrogen receptor (ER)-α in female mice (64) and also suppresses prostate and breast cancer cell growth through estrogen receptor β1. Apigenin suppresses the levels of IGF-I in prostate tumor xenografts and increases levels of IGFBP-3, a binding protein that sequesters IGF-I in vascular circulation.  Apigenin (12.5 mg/kg) increases cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of hippocampus of adult mice. |
-  Lin JK, et al. J Cell Biochem Suppl, 1997, 28-29, 39-48.
-  Shukla S, et al. Pharm Res, 2010, 27(6), 962-978.
-  Balasubramanian S, et al. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 2007, 224(3), 214-219.
|In vitro||DMSO||54 mg/mL (199.82 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||NSC 83244, LY 080400|
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03526081||Active not recruiting||Healthy||University of California Davis|Mars Inc.||January 20 2015||Not Applicable|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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