CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

Catalog No.S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 465.34

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs.

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Cited by 269 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs.
Targets
GSK-3β [1]
(Cell-free assay)
GSK-3α [1]
(Cell-free assay)
6.7 nM 10 nM
In vitro

CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs CDC2 and ERK2, as well as other protein kinases. Furthermore, CHIR-99021 shows only weak binding to a panel of 22 pharmacologically relevant receptors and little inhibitory activity against a panel of 23 nonkinase enzymes. CHIR-99021 induces the activation of glycogen synthase (GS) in insulin receptor-expressing CHO-IR cells with EC50 of 0.763 μM[1].

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human SW982 cell MVrHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MVTJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHNYQTh{IHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MkG0MlE3KG6PLh?= MXzTRW5ITVJ?
human GCT cell NV3lfoZnT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NVq0U49IUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCJQ2SgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2zNFYvPzJibl2u MmTnV2FPT0WU
human 769-P cell NWP4RZlFT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= MmT5TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckA4PjlvUDDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUW4OE46QSCwTT6= NWjDRVU5W0GQR1XS
human LOXIMVI cell MnfHS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NVXvcHA{UW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCOT2jJUXZKKGOnbHyg[5Jwf3SqIHnuJIEh[2WubDD2bYFjcWyrdImgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:PTh6LkOyJI5ONg>? NWjr[FBtW0GQR1XS
human D-336MG cell MYTHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M2jJXmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hTC1|M{\NS{Bk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVg1Pi5{IH7NMi=> NV63TJlZW0GQR1XS
human S-117 cell MmDzS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? M3XaeGlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hWy1zMUegZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME25NlEvOzFibl2u NHfoZWxUSU6JRWK=
human D-247MG cell M3nwUGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MWnJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGQuOjR5TVegZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME25OFgvPTJibl2u NVO4R3RTW0GQR1XS
human TYK-nu cell MWfHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M4nFb2lvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hXFmNLX71JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NU4xPzlizszNMi=> NFv5eppUSU6JRWK=
human A498 cell M1vHOWdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NEW0RXpKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEF2OUigZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2xMlMh|ryPLh?= NF7PTGlUSU6JRWK=
human HepG2 cells Mn7GSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? MkHFN{Bp M4LBVmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiR2PLN{1j\XSjIHnuJIh2dWGwIFjldGczKGOnbHzzJIF{e2W|c3XkJIF{KGmwY3;ydI9z[XSrb36gc4YhYzOKXXfseYNwe2ViaX70c{BodHmlb3flckBi\nSncjCzJIhzeyCkeTDsbZF2cWRic3PpcpRqdGyjdHnvckBkd3WwdHnu[y=> MnztNlIzPjFyMkO=
human BCPAP cell NF[4ZYRIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= NGTLW|hKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEKFUFHQJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NU43PyEQvF2u NWC0R4ljW0GQR1XS
human KYSE-180 cell MYfHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MoK3TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBMYVOHLUG4NEBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVEvPzNizszNMi=> M{C3NXNCVkeHUh?=
human MIA-PaCa-2 cell NV3GNYVOT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= MYTJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJG1KSS2SYVPhMVIh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0yNjd4IN88UU4> M2TDWnNCVkeHUh?=
human HCC1395 cell NETBOYpIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= M2rrOGlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hUEOFMUO5OUBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVEvPzhizszNMi=> MULTRW5ITVJ?
human RS4-11 cell MX;Hdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MV\Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHJUPC1zMTDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUGuPVUh|ryPLh?= MWPTRW5ITVJ?
human NCI-H2122 cell MkOxS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? Mm[zTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBPS0lvSEKxNlIh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0zNjJ6IN88UU4> NHi2V|FUSU6JRWK=
human SNU-423 cell MmHZS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NF:5e4dKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFOQVT20NlMh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5Nige,:jDDJR|UxRTJwNTFOwG0v MnrEV2FPT0WU
human SK-LMS-1 cell NEC1d5ZIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= M1HEbGlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hW0tvTF3TMVEh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0zNjZ2IN88UU4> NVruVmFpW0GQR1XS
human RPMI-7951 cell M2\uWGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NFvFSJhKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFKSTVmtO|k2OSClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G778{MJGlEPTB;Mj63JO69VS5? MWLTRW5ITVJ?
human COLO-829 cell M2K5bmdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 M1PTUWlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hS0:OTz24Nlkh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0zNjd4NUSg{txONg>? NWf1NohNW0GQR1XS
human SCC-9 cell Mn3sS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NFu0SoRKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFOFQz25JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9Nk46PSEQvF2u MWLTRW5ITVJ?
human A704 cell NU\OUFVMT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NXvaWFFsUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCDN{C0JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{4xQDF{IN88UU4> MnPSV2FPT0WU
human HOP-62 cell Mo\DS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MX\Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGhQWC14MjDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOuN|YxPTRizszNMi=> NXuxOZFWW0GQR1XS
human HCC1569 cell M3LIbWdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MkDPTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBJS0NzNU[5JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{41QDNyNTFOwG0v NGH3fGtUSU6JRWK=
human A172 cell NVPEcYNtT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= M{W5V2lvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hSTF5MjDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOuO|U1QThizszNMi=> NVv1c3RXW0GQR1XS
human MOLT-16 cell MXHHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M3zQZ2lvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hVU:OVD2xOkBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVMvQDh3NU[g{txONg>? NHzSe4tUSU6JRWK=
human TE-15 cell MUfHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M37DbGlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hXEVvMUWgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2zMlk2OzR|IN88UU4> NEX4RXJUSU6JRWK=
human OE19 cell NWX0NXcyT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NWjrXWMxUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCRRUG5JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{46PjR3MTFOwG0v M{nteXNCVkeHUh?=
human MHH-ES-1 cell MVTHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NHTOe45KdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKE2KSD3FV{0yKGOnbHyg[5Jwf3SqIHnuJIEh[2WubDD2bYFjcWyrdImgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:PC5yNEW0OUDPxE1w M2fGUHNCVkeHUh?=
human NKM-1 cell NXflVnpiT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= MYrJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJG5MVS1zIHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;ND6xN|k4OSEQvF2u M4XyRnNCVkeHUh?=
human RCC10RGB cell Ml;MS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MX;Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHJESzFyUlfCJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OE4zQTR5OTFOwG0> MXnTRW5ITVJ?
human BxPC-3 cell MW\Hdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M4D6bmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hSniSQz2zJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OE44ODN7MTFOwG0v MUjTRW5ITVJ?
human ALL-PO cell MVzHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M2fFVmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hSUyOLWDPJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OE45Ozh3ODFOwG0v NWrhZoY6W0GQR1XS
human SK-OV-3 cell MYrHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MXTJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHNMNU:YLUOgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME20Mlk6OzRizszNMi=> MYPTRW5ITVJ?
human SW1710 cell M3roTmdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NXHKV2VCUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCVV{G3NVAh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF02NjR{NEW2JO69VS5? M3jDSXNCVkeHUh?=

... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot
Cleaved PARP / CD31 / VE-Cadherin / α-SMA / vimentin; 

PubMed: 30709379     


NCI-H460 cells were co-cultured with HUVECs in a 3D culture system, and then treated with 1 μM CHIR-99021, 10 μM or 20 μM Cisplatin, or a combination of both, for 24 h. Cells were harvested and immunoblotted with anti-cleaved PARP, anti-CD31, anti-VE-cadherin, anti-α-SMA, anti-vimentin, and anti-β-actin antibodies. 

CTNNB1; 

PubMed: 23993102     


Treatment with the GSK3β inhibitor CHIR-99021 led to increased levels of β-catenin in RKO and HT29 (non-mutant) cells.

β-catenin; 

PubMed: 24165128     


HeLa cells were treated with 5 μm CHIR-99021 for the indicated times. The samples were analyzed by Western blot.

30709379 23993102 24165128
Growth inhibition assay
Cell viability; 

PubMed: 22039301     


HMC-1.2 cells were cultured in the absence or presence of GSK3β inhibitor (CHIR 99021, 3-30 µM) and viability cell count was assessed by trypan blue dye exclusion after 24 h, 48 h or 72 h. All data are presented as the mean ± SEM of three independent experiments conducted in triplicate. p < 0.05*, p < 0.001** p < 0.0001*** vs vehicle treated control cells.

22039301
Immunofluorescence
SOX10/EdU; 

PubMed: 28174705     


Incorporation of EdU (white arrowheads) into SOX10+ ENS (enteric nervous system) cells with and without CHIR-99021.

Oct3/4; 

PubMed: 24779365     


Fluorescence micrographs showing the protein expression of Brachyury/Oct3/4 after a three day differentiation of ES-D3 cells with BIO (0.5 μM), SB-216763 (5 μM), CHIR-99021 (5 μM), or CHIR-98014 (1 μM). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue). The merge is shown in yellow. Original magnification 400x. Scale bar = 50 μm.

28174705 24779365
In vivo Oral administration of CHIR-99021 at 30 mg/kg enhances glucose metabolism in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes, with a maximal plasma glucose reduction of nearly 150 mg/dl 3-4 hours after administration, while plasma insulin remains at or below control levels. Oral administration of CHIR-99021 at 16 or 48 mg/kg 1 hour before oral glucose challenges in ZDF rats significantly improves glucose tolerance with 14% and 33% reduction in plasma glucose at 16 mg/kg and 48 mg/kg, respectively, and the higher dose of CHIR-99021 also reduces hyperglycemia before the oral glucose challenge[1].

Protocol

Cell Research:

[1]

- Collapse
  • Cell lines: Insulin receptor–expressing CHO-IR cells; Primary rat hepatocytes
  • Concentrations: 0.01-10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 30 min
  • Method:

    CHO-IR cells expressing human insulin receptor are grown to 80% confluence in Hamm’s F12 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum and without hypoxanthine. Trypsinized cells are seeded in 6-well plates at 1 × 106 cells/well in 2 ml of medium without fetal bovine serum. After 24 h, medium is replaced with 1 ml of serum-free medium containing GSK-3 inhibitor or control (final DMSO concentration <0.1%) for 30 min at 37°C. Cells are lysed and centrifuged 15 min at 4°C/14000g. The activity ratio of GS is calculated as the GS activity in the absence of glucose-6-phosphate divided by the activity in the presence of 5 mmol/l glucose-6-phosphate, using the filter paper assay of Thomas et al.


    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:

[1]

- Collapse
  • Animal Models: Female db/db mice; Male ZDF rats
  • Formulation: HCl salts formulated
  • Dosages: 8-48 mg/kg
  • Administration: oral administration
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 10 mg/mL warmed (21.48 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
4% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
3.5mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 465.34
Formula

C22H18Cl2N8

CAS No. 252917-06-9
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID