CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

Catalog No.S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 465.34

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs.

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Cited by 322 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs.
Targets
GSK-3β [1]
(Cell-free assay)
GSK-3α [1]
(Cell-free assay)
6.7 nM 10 nM
In vitro

CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs CDC2 and ERK2, as well as other protein kinases. Furthermore, CHIR-99021 shows only weak binding to a panel of 22 pharmacologically relevant receptors and little inhibitory activity against a panel of 23 nonkinase enzymes. CHIR-99021 induces the activation of glycogen synthase (GS) in insulin receptor-expressing CHO-IR cells with EC50 of 0.763 μM[1].

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human SW982 cell Mn\PS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NEjsd3dKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFOZOUiyJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NlE1NjF4IH7NMi=> MV7TRW5ITVJ?
human GCT cell NIHCZmpIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= NIDIbY1KdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEeFVDDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOwOk44OiCwTT6= MV7TRW5ITVJ?
human 769-P cell NGi0WHBIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= NIXTRnVKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKDd4OT3QJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OVg1Njl7IH7NMi=> M2mxNHNCVkeHUh?=
human LOXIMVI cell NX\iSFRFT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NEHtfoFKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEyRWFnNWmkh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF02QDhwM{Kgcm0v MlnsV2FPT0WU
human D-336MG cell NVzRXml1T3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= Mlz4TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBFNTN|Nl3HJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9PFQ3NjJibl2u MVLTRW5ITVJ?
human S-117 cell MYPHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NF7sO|dKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFNvMUG3JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9PVIyNjNzIH7NMi=> NIC4NJhUSU6JRWK=
human D-247MG cell MXXHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NFnmenJKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKERvMkS3UWch[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF06PDhwNUKgcm0v NVXSe2V[W0GQR1XS
human TYK-nu cell MWnHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MV3Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHR[Uy2wdTDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUGuNFc6KM7:TT6= MkPOV2FPT0WU
human A498 cell NHLxfIVIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= NIr4[pBKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEF2OUigZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2xMlMh|ryPLh?= M3m0XHNCVkeHUh?=
human HepG2 cells MVHGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MnrrN{Bp NW[4XWJOUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDHV2s{NWKndHGgbY4hcHWvYX6gTIVxTzJiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiaX7jc5Jxd3KjdHnvckBw\iCdM1jd[4x2[2:|ZTDpcpRwKGeueXPv[4VvKGGodHXyJFMhcHK|IHL5JIxqeXWrZDDzZ4lvfGmubHH0bY9vKGOxdX70bY5o MUmyNlI3OTB{Mx?=
human BCPAP cell MlTyS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MYfJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGJEWEGSIHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MT62O{DPxE1w MXnTRW5ITVJ?
human KYSE-180 cell MVHHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NXLvWYtMUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCNWWPFMVE5OCClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTFwN{Og{txONg>? M1nzdHNCVkeHUh?=
human MIA-PaCa-2 cell M3zId2dzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NVu4dZI2UW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCPSVGtVIFE[S1{IHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MT63OkDPxE1w M4rCZXNCVkeHUh?=
human HCC1395 cell M3q3PWdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MVnJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGhESzF|OUWgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2xMlc5KM7:TT6= MWjTRW5ITVJ?
human RS4-11 cell MlqwS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MlnxTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBTWzRvMUGgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2xMlk2KM7:TT6= MlfBV2FPT0WU
human NCI-H2122 cell NUDmOmtET3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NGnHbVBKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKE6FST3INlEzOiClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTJwMkig{txONg>? MWPTRW5ITVJ?
human SNU-423 cell MoHhS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MlHqTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBUVlVvNEKzJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZnwxIxiSVO1NF0zNjVizszNMi=> NV3yNFExW0GQR1XS
human SK-LMS-1 cell MUTHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NF:0RZBKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFONLVzNV{0yKGOnbHyg[5Jwf3SqIHnuJIEh[2WubDD2bYFjcWyrdImgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:Oi54NDFOwG0v NWTFfJpVW0GQR1XS
human RPMI-7951 cell MVjHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NWnGdXpkUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCUUF3JMVc6PTFiY3XscEBoem:5dHigbY4h[SClZXzsJJZq[WKrbHn0fUBie3Ojef-8kEBKSzVyPUKuO{DPxE1w NHfTfZBUSU6JRWK=
human COLO-829 cell MmTyS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NX;zTWc1UW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCFT1zPMVgzQSClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTJwN{[1OEDPxE1w NHzUVIFUSU6JRWK=
human SCC-9 cell NYHxR|l4T3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NXG2WGhkUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCVQ1OtPUBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVIvQTVizszNMi=> NGLHPZhUSU6JRWK=
human A704 cell NVT3eHp3T3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NYHRc5JoUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCDN{C0JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{4xQDF{IN88UU4> MWDTRW5ITVJ?
human HOP-62 cell MXrHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M17wNmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hUE:SLU[yJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{4{PjB3NDFOwG0v NYG3WJNWW0GQR1XS
human HCC1569 cell M4DDbGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NIWxepJKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEiFQ{G1Olkh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0{NjR6M{C1JO69VS5? MVTTRW5ITVJ?
human A172 cell MlrPS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NF3heIlKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEFzN{KgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2zMlc2PDl6IN88UU4> NITaVphUSU6JRWK=
human MOLT-16 cell M1LzOmdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MmXoTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBOV0yWLUG2JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{45QDV3NjFOwG0v MWfTRW5ITVJ?
human TE-15 cell MUTHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MUnJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHRGNTF3IHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;Mz65OVM1OyEQvF2u NF;5OJhUSU6JRWK=
human OE19 cell M17Rb2dzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NH:zcmlKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKE:HMUmgZ4VtdCCpcn;3eIghcW5iYTDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2zMlk3PDVzIN88UU4> MnLkV2FPT0WU
human MHH-ES-1 cell M1\hOGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NW[y[ZFkUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCPSFitSXMuOSClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTRwMES1OFUh|ryPLh?= MmH6V2FPT0WU
human NKM-1 cell MnjRS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? Ml3oTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBPU01vMTDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUSuNVM6PzFizszNMi=> MnH4V2FPT0WU
human RCC10RGB cell MX;Hdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M{fy[WlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hWkOFMUDSS2Ih[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF01NjJ7NEe5JO69VQ>? MWDTRW5ITVJ?
human BxPC-3 cell NX\rZZd1T3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NILhOXNKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEK6UFOtN{Bk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVQvPzB|OUGg{txONg>? NEnGS|FUSU6JRWK=
human ALL-PO cell MYXHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MXfJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGFNVC2STzDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUSuPFM5PThizszNMi=> M3vFbHNCVkeHUh?=
human SK-OV-3 cell MWLHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M321cmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hW0tvT2[tN{Bk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVQvQTl|NDFOwG0v Mn7HV2FPT0WU
human SW1710 cell MmLYS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NXvxVWpmUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCVV{G3NVAh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF02NjR{NEW2JO69VS5? MVHTRW5ITVJ?

... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot
Cleaved PARP / CD31 / VE-Cadherin / α-SMA / vimentin; 

PubMed: 30709379     


NCI-H460 cells were co-cultured with HUVECs in a 3D culture system, and then treated with 1 μM CHIR-99021, 10 μM or 20 μM Cisplatin, or a combination of both, for 24 h. Cells were harvested and immunoblotted with anti-cleaved PARP, anti-CD31, anti-VE-cadherin, anti-α-SMA, anti-vimentin, and anti-β-actin antibodies. 

CTNNB1; 

PubMed: 23993102     


Treatment with the GSK3β inhibitor CHIR-99021 led to increased levels of β-catenin in RKO and HT29 (non-mutant) cells.

β-catenin; 

PubMed: 24165128     


HeLa cells were treated with 5 μm CHIR-99021 for the indicated times. The samples were analyzed by Western blot.

30709379 23993102 24165128
Growth inhibition assay
Cell viability; 

PubMed: 22039301     


HMC-1.2 cells were cultured in the absence or presence of GSK3β inhibitor (CHIR 99021, 3-30 µM) and viability cell count was assessed by trypan blue dye exclusion after 24 h, 48 h or 72 h. All data are presented as the mean ± SEM of three independent experiments conducted in triplicate. p < 0.05*, p < 0.001** p < 0.0001*** vs vehicle treated control cells.

22039301
Immunofluorescence
SOX10/EdU; 

PubMed: 28174705     


Incorporation of EdU (white arrowheads) into SOX10+ ENS (enteric nervous system) cells with and without CHIR-99021.

Oct3/4; 

PubMed: 24779365     


Fluorescence micrographs showing the protein expression of Brachyury/Oct3/4 after a three day differentiation of ES-D3 cells with BIO (0.5 μM), SB-216763 (5 μM), CHIR-99021 (5 μM), or CHIR-98014 (1 μM). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue). The merge is shown in yellow. Original magnification 400x. Scale bar = 50 μm.

28174705 24779365
In vivo Oral administration of CHIR-99021 at 30 mg/kg enhances glucose metabolism in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes, with a maximal plasma glucose reduction of nearly 150 mg/dl 3-4 hours after administration, while plasma insulin remains at or below control levels. Oral administration of CHIR-99021 at 16 or 48 mg/kg 1 hour before oral glucose challenges in ZDF rats significantly improves glucose tolerance with 14% and 33% reduction in plasma glucose at 16 mg/kg and 48 mg/kg, respectively, and the higher dose of CHIR-99021 also reduces hyperglycemia before the oral glucose challenge[1].

Protocol

Cell Research:

[1]

- Collapse
  • Cell lines: Insulin receptor–expressing CHO-IR cells; Primary rat hepatocytes
  • Concentrations: 0.01-10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 30 min
  • Method:

    CHO-IR cells expressing human insulin receptor are grown to 80% confluence in Hamm’s F12 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum and without hypoxanthine. Trypsinized cells are seeded in 6-well plates at 1 × 106 cells/well in 2 ml of medium without fetal bovine serum. After 24 h, medium is replaced with 1 ml of serum-free medium containing GSK-3 inhibitor or control (final DMSO concentration <0.1%) for 30 min at 37°C. Cells are lysed and centrifuged 15 min at 4°C/14000g. The activity ratio of GS is calculated as the GS activity in the absence of glucose-6-phosphate divided by the activity in the presence of 5 mmol/l glucose-6-phosphate, using the filter paper assay of Thomas et al.


    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:

[1]

- Collapse
  • Animal Models: Female db/db mice; Male ZDF rats
  • Formulation: HCl salts formulated
  • Dosages: 8-48 mg/kg
  • Administration: oral administration
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 10 mg/mL warmed (21.48 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
4% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
3.5mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 465.34
Formula

C22H18Cl2N8

CAS No. 252917-06-9
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID