GSK-3

Signaling Pathway Map

Research Area

Inhibitory Selectivity

Isoform-specific Inhibitors

GSK-3 Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2924

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl is hydrochloride of CHIR-99021, which is a GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM/6.7 nM; CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2. CHIR-99021 is a potent pharmacological activators of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. CHIR-99021 significantly rescues light-induced autophagy and augments GR, RORα and autophagy-related proteins.

S1075

SB216763

SB216763 is a potent and selective GSK-3 inhibitor with IC50 of 34.3 nM for GSK-3α and equally effective at inhibiting human GSK-3β. SB216763 activates autophagy.

S1524

AT7519

AT7519 is a multi-CDK inhibitor for CDK1, 2, 4, 6 and 9 with IC50 of 10-210 nM. It is less potent to CDK3 and little active to CDK7. AT7519 also inhibits GSK3β with IC50 of 89 nM. AT7519 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2745

CHIR-98014

CHIR-98014 (CT98014) is a potent GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 0.65 nM/0.58 nM in cell-free assays, with the ability to distinguish GSK-3 from its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2.

S1590

TWS119

TWS119 is a GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM in a cell-free assay; capable of inducing neuronal differentiation and may be useful to stem cell biology. GSK-3β inhibition triggers autophagy.

S9602New

9-ing-41

9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.

S0765New

MAZ51

MAZ51 is a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3 (Flt-4) tyrosine kinase. MAZ51 induces cell rounding and G2/M cell cycle arrest in glioma cells through phosphorylation of Akt/GSK3β and activation of RhoA. MAZ51 inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of a variety of non-VEGFR-3-expressing tumor cell lines.

S2823

Tideglusib

Tideglusib (NP031112, NP-12) is an irreversible, non ATP-competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM in a cell-free assay; fails to inhibit kinases with a Cys homologous to Cys-199 located in the active site. Phase 2.

S2729

SB415286

SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β. SB415286 causes MM cell growth arrest and apoptosis.

S7198

BIO

BIO (GSK-3 Inhibitor IX, 6-bromoindirubin-3-oxime) is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3 with IC50 of 5 nM for GSK-3α/β in a cell-free assay, shows >16-fold selectivity over CDK5, also a pan-JAK inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM for Tyk2. BIO induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells.

S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs. CHIR99021 functions as a Wnt/β-catenin activator and induces autophagy.

S7253

AZD2858

AZD2858 is a selective GSK-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 68 nM, activating Wnt signaling, increases bone mass in rats.

S7145

AZD1080

AZD1080 is a selective, orally active, brain permeable GSK3 inhibitor, inhibits human GSK3α and GSK3β with Ki of 6.9 nM and 31 nM, respectively, shows >14-fold selectivity against CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and Erk2.

S7435

AR-A014418

AR-A014418 (GSK-3β Inhibitor VIII) is an ATP-competitive, and selective GSK3β inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of 104 nM and 38 nM in cell-free assays, without significant inhibition on 26 other kinases tested.

S2926

TDZD-8

TDZD-8 (NP 01139) is a non-ATP competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM; minimal inhibitory effect observed on CDK1, casein kinase II, PKA and PKC.

S7063

LY2090314

LY2090314 is a potent GSK-3 inhibitor for GSK-3α/β with IC50 of 1.5 nM/0.9 nM; may improve the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy regimens. LY2090314 is highly selective towards GSK3 as demonstrated by its fold selectivity relative to a large panel of kinases.

S7566

IM-12

IM-12 is a selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 53 nM, and also enhances canonical Wnt signalling.

S7915

BIO-acetoxime

BIO-acetoxime (GSK-3 Inhibitor X) is a potent dual GSK3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM, >240-fold selectivity over CDK5/p25, CDK2/cyclin A and CDK1/cyclin B.

S2386

Indirubin

Indirubin (NSC 105327) is a potent cyclin-dependent kinases and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of about 5 μM and 0.6 μM.

S7954

CP21R7 (CP21)

CP21R7 (CP21) is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor that can potently activate canonical Wnt signalling.

S5439

5-Bromoindole

5-bromoindole is an important pharmaceutical chemical intermediate and a potential inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3).

S8696

2-D08

2-D08 (2',3',4'-trihydroxy flavone) is a cell permeable, mechanistically unique inhibitor of protein sumoylation. It is also inhibits Axl, IRAK4, ROS1, MLK4, GSK3β, RET, KDR and PI3Kα with IC50 values of 0.49, 3.9, 5.3, 9.8, 11, 11, 17 and 35 nM respectively in biochemical assays.

S7722

Bikinin

Bikinin is an ATP-competitive Arabidopsis GSK-3 inhibitor, and acts as a strong activator of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling.

S7193

1-Azakenpaullone

1-Azakenpaullone is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM, >100-fold selectivity over CDK1/cyclin B and CDK5/p25.

S3238New

Resibufogenin

Resibufogenin (Bufogenin, Recibufogenin), a component of huachansu with anticancer effect, triggers necroptosis through upregulating receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylating mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein at Ser358. Resibufogenin exerts cytotoxic effect by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Resibufogenin induces apoptosis and caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity. Resibufogenin increases Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and suppresses cyclin D1, cyclin E, PI3K, p-AKT, p-GSK3β and β-catenin protein expression.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2924

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl is hydrochloride of CHIR-99021, which is a GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM/6.7 nM; CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2. CHIR-99021 is a potent pharmacological activators of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. CHIR-99021 significantly rescues light-induced autophagy and augments GR, RORα and autophagy-related proteins.

S1075

SB216763

SB216763 is a potent and selective GSK-3 inhibitor with IC50 of 34.3 nM for GSK-3α and equally effective at inhibiting human GSK-3β. SB216763 activates autophagy.

S1524

AT7519

AT7519 is a multi-CDK inhibitor for CDK1, 2, 4, 6 and 9 with IC50 of 10-210 nM. It is less potent to CDK3 and little active to CDK7. AT7519 also inhibits GSK3β with IC50 of 89 nM. AT7519 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2745

CHIR-98014

CHIR-98014 (CT98014) is a potent GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 0.65 nM/0.58 nM in cell-free assays, with the ability to distinguish GSK-3 from its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2.

S1590

TWS119

TWS119 is a GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM in a cell-free assay; capable of inducing neuronal differentiation and may be useful to stem cell biology. GSK-3β inhibition triggers autophagy.

S9602New

9-ing-41

9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.

S0765New

MAZ51

MAZ51 is a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3 (Flt-4) tyrosine kinase. MAZ51 induces cell rounding and G2/M cell cycle arrest in glioma cells through phosphorylation of Akt/GSK3β and activation of RhoA. MAZ51 inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of a variety of non-VEGFR-3-expressing tumor cell lines.

S2823

Tideglusib

Tideglusib (NP031112, NP-12) is an irreversible, non ATP-competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM in a cell-free assay; fails to inhibit kinases with a Cys homologous to Cys-199 located in the active site. Phase 2.

S2729

SB415286

SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β. SB415286 causes MM cell growth arrest and apoptosis.

S7198

BIO

BIO (GSK-3 Inhibitor IX, 6-bromoindirubin-3-oxime) is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3 with IC50 of 5 nM for GSK-3α/β in a cell-free assay, shows >16-fold selectivity over CDK5, also a pan-JAK inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM for Tyk2. BIO induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells.

S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs. CHIR99021 functions as a Wnt/β-catenin activator and induces autophagy.

S7253

AZD2858

AZD2858 is a selective GSK-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 68 nM, activating Wnt signaling, increases bone mass in rats.

S7145

AZD1080

AZD1080 is a selective, orally active, brain permeable GSK3 inhibitor, inhibits human GSK3α and GSK3β with Ki of 6.9 nM and 31 nM, respectively, shows >14-fold selectivity against CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and Erk2.

S7435

AR-A014418

AR-A014418 (GSK-3β Inhibitor VIII) is an ATP-competitive, and selective GSK3β inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of 104 nM and 38 nM in cell-free assays, without significant inhibition on 26 other kinases tested.

S2926

TDZD-8

TDZD-8 (NP 01139) is a non-ATP competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM; minimal inhibitory effect observed on CDK1, casein kinase II, PKA and PKC.

S7063

LY2090314

LY2090314 is a potent GSK-3 inhibitor for GSK-3α/β with IC50 of 1.5 nM/0.9 nM; may improve the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy regimens. LY2090314 is highly selective towards GSK3 as demonstrated by its fold selectivity relative to a large panel of kinases.

S7566

IM-12

IM-12 is a selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 53 nM, and also enhances canonical Wnt signalling.

S7915

BIO-acetoxime

BIO-acetoxime (GSK-3 Inhibitor X) is a potent dual GSK3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM, >240-fold selectivity over CDK5/p25, CDK2/cyclin A and CDK1/cyclin B.

S2386

Indirubin

Indirubin (NSC 105327) is a potent cyclin-dependent kinases and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of about 5 μM and 0.6 μM.

S7954

CP21R7 (CP21)

CP21R7 (CP21) is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor that can potently activate canonical Wnt signalling.

S5439

5-Bromoindole

5-bromoindole is an important pharmaceutical chemical intermediate and a potential inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3).

S8696

2-D08

2-D08 (2',3',4'-trihydroxy flavone) is a cell permeable, mechanistically unique inhibitor of protein sumoylation. It is also inhibits Axl, IRAK4, ROS1, MLK4, GSK3β, RET, KDR and PI3Kα with IC50 values of 0.49, 3.9, 5.3, 9.8, 11, 11, 17 and 35 nM respectively in biochemical assays.

S7722

Bikinin

Bikinin is an ATP-competitive Arabidopsis GSK-3 inhibitor, and acts as a strong activator of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling.

S7193

1-Azakenpaullone

1-Azakenpaullone is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM, >100-fold selectivity over CDK1/cyclin B and CDK5/p25.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3238New

Resibufogenin

Resibufogenin (Bufogenin, Recibufogenin), a component of huachansu with anticancer effect, triggers necroptosis through upregulating receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylating mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein at Ser358. Resibufogenin exerts cytotoxic effect by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Resibufogenin induces apoptosis and caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity. Resibufogenin increases Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and suppresses cyclin D1, cyclin E, PI3K, p-AKT, p-GSK3β and β-catenin protein expression.

Tags: GSK-3 inhibition | GSK-3 cancer | GSK-3 signaling pathway | GSK-3 activation | GSK-3 activity | GSK-3 beta pathway | GSK-3 phosphorylation | GSK-3 beta phosphorylation | GSK-3 assay | GSK-3 inhibitor review