GSK-3

Signaling Pathway Map

Research Area

Inhibitory Selectivity

Isoform-specific Inhibitors

GSK-3 Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2924

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl is hydrochloride of CHIR-99021, which is a GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM/6.7 nM; CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2. CHIR-99021 is a potent pharmacological activators of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. CHIR-99021 significantly rescues light-induced autophagy and augments GR, RORα and autophagy-related proteins.

S1075

SB216763

SB216763 is a potent and selective GSK-3 inhibitor with IC50 of 34.3 nM for GSK-3α and equally effective at inhibiting human GSK-3β. SB216763 activates autophagy.

S1524

AT7519

AT7519 is a multi-CDK inhibitor for CDK1, 2, 4, 6 and 9 with IC50 of 10-210 nM. It is less potent to CDK3 and little active to CDK7. AT7519 also inhibits GSK3β with IC50 of 89 nM. AT7519 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2745

CHIR-98014

CHIR-98014 (CT98014) is a potent GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 0.65 nM/0.58 nM in cell-free assays, with the ability to distinguish GSK-3 from its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2.

S1590

TWS119

TWS119 is a GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM in a cell-free assay; capable of inducing neuronal differentiation and may be useful to stem cell biology. GSK-3β inhibition triggers autophagy.

S9602New

9-ing-41

9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.

S0765New

MAZ51

MAZ51 is a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3 (Flt-4) tyrosine kinase. MAZ51 induces cell rounding and G2/M cell cycle arrest in glioma cells through phosphorylation of Akt/GSK3β and activation of RhoA. MAZ51 inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of a variety of non-VEGFR-3-expressing tumor cell lines.

S0354New

Alsterpaullone

Alsterpaullone (Alp, 9-Nitropaullone, NSC 705701) is a potent inhibitor of CDK with IC50 of 35 nM, 15 nM, 200 nM and 40 nM for CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK2/cyclin E and CDK5/p35, respectively. Alsterpaullone also acts as a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with IC50 of both 4 nM for GSK-3α and GSK-3β. Alsterpaullone induces apoptosis by activation of caspase-9. Alsterpaullone has antitumor activity and possesses potential for the treatment of neurodegenerative and proliferative disorders.

S2823

Tideglusib

Tideglusib (NP031112, NP-12) is an irreversible, non ATP-competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM in a cell-free assay; fails to inhibit kinases with a Cys homologous to Cys-199 located in the active site. Phase 2.

S2729

SB415286

SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β. SB415286 causes MM cell growth arrest and apoptosis.

S7198

BIO

BIO (GSK-3 Inhibitor IX, 6-bromoindirubin-3-oxime, 6-Bromoindirubin-3'-oxime, MLS 2052) is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3 with IC50 of 5 nM for GSK-3α/β in a cell-free assay, shows >16-fold selectivity over CDK5, also a pan-JAK inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM for Tyk2. BIO induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells.

S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs. CHIR99021 functions as a Wnt/β-catenin activator and induces autophagy.

S7253

AZD2858

AZD2858 is a selective GSK-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 68 nM, activating Wnt signaling, increases bone mass in rats.

S7145

AZD1080

AZD1080 is a selective, orally active, brain permeable GSK3 inhibitor, inhibits human GSK3α and GSK3β with Ki of 6.9 nM and 31 nM, respectively, shows >14-fold selectivity against CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and Erk2.

S7435

AR-A014418

AR-A014418 (GSK-3β Inhibitor VIII) is an ATP-competitive, and selective GSK3β inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of 104 nM and 38 nM in cell-free assays, without significant inhibition on 26 other kinases tested.

S2926

TDZD-8

TDZD-8 (NP 01139) is a non-ATP competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM; minimal inhibitory effect observed on CDK1, casein kinase II, PKA and PKC.

S7063

LY2090314

LY2090314 is a potent GSK-3 inhibitor for GSK-3α/β with IC50 of 1.5 nM/0.9 nM; may improve the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy regimens. LY2090314 is highly selective towards GSK3 as demonstrated by its fold selectivity relative to a large panel of kinases.

S7566

IM-12

IM-12 is a selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 53 nM, and also enhances canonical Wnt signalling.

S7915

BIO-acetoxime

BIO-acetoxime (GSK-3 Inhibitor X) is a potent dual GSK3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM, >240-fold selectivity over CDK5/p25, CDK2/cyclin A and CDK1/cyclin B.

S2386

Indirubin

Indirubin (NSC 105327) is a potent cyclin-dependent kinases and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of about 5 μM and 0.6 μM.

S7954

CP21R7 (CP21)

CP21R7 (CP21) is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor that can potently activate canonical Wnt signalling.

S5439

5-Bromoindole

5-bromoindole is an important pharmaceutical chemical intermediate and a potential inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3).

S8696

2-D08

2-D08 (2',3',4'-trihydroxy flavone) is a cell permeable, mechanistically unique inhibitor of protein sumoylation. It is also inhibits Axl, IRAK4, ROS1, MLK4, GSK3β, RET (c-RET), KDR and PI3Kα with IC50 values of 0.49, 3.9, 5.3, 9.8, 11, 11, 17 and 35 nM respectively in biochemical assays.

S7722

Bikinin

Bikinin is an ATP-competitive Arabidopsis GSK-3 inhibitor, and acts as a strong activator of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling.

S7193

1-Azakenpaullone

1-Azakenpaullone (1-Akp) is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM, >100-fold selectivity over CDK1/cyclin B and CDK5/p25.

S3238New

Resibufogenin

Resibufogenin (Bufogenin, Recibufogenin), a component of huachansu with anticancer effect, triggers necroptosis through upregulating receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylating mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein at Ser358. Resibufogenin exerts cytotoxic effect by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Resibufogenin induces apoptosis and caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity. Resibufogenin increases Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and suppresses cyclin D1, cyclin E, PI3K, p-AKT, p-GSK3β and β-catenin protein expression.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2924

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) HCl is hydrochloride of CHIR-99021, which is a GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM/6.7 nM; CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2. CHIR-99021 is a potent pharmacological activators of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. CHIR-99021 significantly rescues light-induced autophagy and augments GR, RORα and autophagy-related proteins.

S1075

SB216763

SB216763 is a potent and selective GSK-3 inhibitor with IC50 of 34.3 nM for GSK-3α and equally effective at inhibiting human GSK-3β. SB216763 activates autophagy.

S1524

AT7519

AT7519 is a multi-CDK inhibitor for CDK1, 2, 4, 6 and 9 with IC50 of 10-210 nM. It is less potent to CDK3 and little active to CDK7. AT7519 also inhibits GSK3β with IC50 of 89 nM. AT7519 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2745

CHIR-98014

CHIR-98014 (CT98014) is a potent GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 0.65 nM/0.58 nM in cell-free assays, with the ability to distinguish GSK-3 from its closest homologs Cdc2 and ERK2.

S1590

TWS119

TWS119 is a GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM in a cell-free assay; capable of inducing neuronal differentiation and may be useful to stem cell biology. GSK-3β inhibition triggers autophagy.

S9602New

9-ing-41

9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.

S0765New

MAZ51

MAZ51 is a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3 (Flt-4) tyrosine kinase. MAZ51 induces cell rounding and G2/M cell cycle arrest in glioma cells through phosphorylation of Akt/GSK3β and activation of RhoA. MAZ51 inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of a variety of non-VEGFR-3-expressing tumor cell lines.

S0354New

Alsterpaullone

Alsterpaullone (Alp, 9-Nitropaullone, NSC 705701) is a potent inhibitor of CDK with IC50 of 35 nM, 15 nM, 200 nM and 40 nM for CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK2/cyclin E and CDK5/p35, respectively. Alsterpaullone also acts as a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with IC50 of both 4 nM for GSK-3α and GSK-3β. Alsterpaullone induces apoptosis by activation of caspase-9. Alsterpaullone has antitumor activity and possesses potential for the treatment of neurodegenerative and proliferative disorders.

S2823

Tideglusib

Tideglusib (NP031112, NP-12) is an irreversible, non ATP-competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM in a cell-free assay; fails to inhibit kinases with a Cys homologous to Cys-199 located in the active site. Phase 2.

S2729

SB415286

SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β. SB415286 causes MM cell growth arrest and apoptosis.

S7198

BIO

BIO (GSK-3 Inhibitor IX, 6-bromoindirubin-3-oxime, 6-Bromoindirubin-3'-oxime, MLS 2052) is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3 with IC50 of 5 nM for GSK-3α/β in a cell-free assay, shows >16-fold selectivity over CDK5, also a pan-JAK inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM for Tyk2. BIO induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells.

S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs. CHIR99021 functions as a Wnt/β-catenin activator and induces autophagy.

S7253

AZD2858

AZD2858 is a selective GSK-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 68 nM, activating Wnt signaling, increases bone mass in rats.

S7145

AZD1080

AZD1080 is a selective, orally active, brain permeable GSK3 inhibitor, inhibits human GSK3α and GSK3β with Ki of 6.9 nM and 31 nM, respectively, shows >14-fold selectivity against CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and Erk2.

S7435

AR-A014418

AR-A014418 (GSK-3β Inhibitor VIII) is an ATP-competitive, and selective GSK3β inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of 104 nM and 38 nM in cell-free assays, without significant inhibition on 26 other kinases tested.

S2926

TDZD-8

TDZD-8 (NP 01139) is a non-ATP competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM; minimal inhibitory effect observed on CDK1, casein kinase II, PKA and PKC.

S7063

LY2090314

LY2090314 is a potent GSK-3 inhibitor for GSK-3α/β with IC50 of 1.5 nM/0.9 nM; may improve the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy regimens. LY2090314 is highly selective towards GSK3 as demonstrated by its fold selectivity relative to a large panel of kinases.

S7566

IM-12

IM-12 is a selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 53 nM, and also enhances canonical Wnt signalling.

S7915

BIO-acetoxime

BIO-acetoxime (GSK-3 Inhibitor X) is a potent dual GSK3α/β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM, >240-fold selectivity over CDK5/p25, CDK2/cyclin A and CDK1/cyclin B.

S2386

Indirubin

Indirubin (NSC 105327) is a potent cyclin-dependent kinases and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of about 5 μM and 0.6 μM.

S7954

CP21R7 (CP21)

CP21R7 (CP21) is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor that can potently activate canonical Wnt signalling.

S5439

5-Bromoindole

5-bromoindole is an important pharmaceutical chemical intermediate and a potential inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3).

S8696

2-D08

2-D08 (2',3',4'-trihydroxy flavone) is a cell permeable, mechanistically unique inhibitor of protein sumoylation. It is also inhibits Axl, IRAK4, ROS1, MLK4, GSK3β, RET (c-RET), KDR and PI3Kα with IC50 values of 0.49, 3.9, 5.3, 9.8, 11, 11, 17 and 35 nM respectively in biochemical assays.

S7722

Bikinin

Bikinin is an ATP-competitive Arabidopsis GSK-3 inhibitor, and acts as a strong activator of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling.

S7193

1-Azakenpaullone

1-Azakenpaullone (1-Akp) is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM, >100-fold selectivity over CDK1/cyclin B and CDK5/p25.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3238New

Resibufogenin

Resibufogenin (Bufogenin, Recibufogenin), a component of huachansu with anticancer effect, triggers necroptosis through upregulating receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylating mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein at Ser358. Resibufogenin exerts cytotoxic effect by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Resibufogenin induces apoptosis and caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity. Resibufogenin increases Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and suppresses cyclin D1, cyclin E, PI3K, p-AKT, p-GSK3β and β-catenin protein expression.

Tags: GSK-3 inhibition | GSK-3 cancer | GSK-3 signaling pathway | GSK-3 activation | GSK-3 activity | GSK-3 beta pathway | GSK-3 phosphorylation | GSK-3 beta phosphorylation | GSK-3 assay | GSK-3 inhibitor review