For research use only.
Catalog No.S2555 Synonyms: A-56268
Molecular Weight(MW): 747.95
Clarithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic and a CYP3A4 inhibitor, used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective P450 (e.g. CYP17) Inhibitors
|Description||Clarithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic and a CYP3A4 inhibitor, used to treat a number of bacterial infections.|
Clarithromycin suppresses this production in a dose-dependent manner in both monocytes and THP-1 cells. Clarithromycin regulates three other promoters that have either the NF-kappa B or the AP-1 binding sequences: two synthetic (pAP-1-Luc and pNF-kappa B-Luc) and one naturally occurring (ELAM-Luc).  Clarithromycin suppresses NF-kappaB activation induced by TNF-alpha in U-937 and Jurkat cells in a concentration-related manner. Clarithromycin inhibits NF-kappaB activation induced by TNF-alpha in U-937, Jurkat, and A549 cells and PBMC and by SEA in PBMC. Clarithromycin prevents NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene expression in U-937 cells.  Clarithromycin results in a significant suppression of production of each cytokine in 71% and a significant increase in 29% of the human monocytes.  Clarithromycin inhibits tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced IL-8 gene expression in a dose- and incubation time-dependent manner. Clarithromycin represses AP-1 binding in TNF-alpha-treated BET-1A cells. Clarithromycin represses IL-8 gene transcription mainly via the AP-1 binding site in human bronchial epithelial cells.  Clarithromycin suppresses IL-1 beta gene expression in human nasal epithelial cells stimulated by H. influenzae endotoxin (HIE). Clarithromycin suppresses intercellular adhesion molecule-1 gene expression in nasal fibroblasts stimulated by IL-1 beta. Clarithromycin reduces DNA-binding activity of NF-kappa B in both human nasal epithelial cells and fibroblasts stimulated by HIE or IL-1 beta, respectively. 
-  Kikuchi T, et al. J Antimicrob Chemother, 2002, 49(5), 745-755.
-  Ichiyama T, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2001, 45(1), 44-47.
-  Khan AA, et al. Int J Antimicrob Agents, 1999, 11(2), 121-132.
|In vitro||DMSO||25 mg/mL warmed (33.42 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03800550||Completed||Drug: Bedaquiline|Drug: Clarithromycin||Healthy||Janssen Research & Development LLC||February 13 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03043989||Terminated||Drug: Docetaxel|Drug: Cabazitaxel|Drug: Clarithromycin||Prostate Cancer||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|Maryland Technology Development Corporation||March 21 2017||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.