For research use only.
Catalog No.S1952 Synonyms: Xanthotoxin, NCI-C55903
Molecular Weight(MW): 216.19
Methoxsalen is a naturally occurring photoactive substance found in the seeds of the Ammi majus (Umbelliferae) plant, used in the diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis; A CYP2A5/6 inhibitor.
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|Description||Methoxsalen is a naturally occurring photoactive substance found in the seeds of the Ammi majus (Umbelliferae) plant, used in the diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis; A CYP2A5/6 inhibitor.|
Methoxsalen inhibits CYP2A6 (Ki = 0.8 μM) with about 3.5- 94-fold greater potency than other P450s, except for CYP1A2 (Ki = 0.2 μM). Methoxsalen shows noncompetitive inhibition of nicotine metabolism, with an apparent Ki value of 0.1 μM in cDNA-expressing microsomes.  Methoxsalen is metabolized in human liver microsomes at the rate of 50-100 pmol/mg protein/min (approx. 30% of the activity in mouse liver microsomes). Methoxsalen is a very potent inhibitor of human cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) and mouse Cyp2a-5-mediated coumarin 7-hydroxylation in vitro. 
|In vivo||Methoxsalen results in a significant decrease in the following factors: number and diameter of corpus lutei, Graafian follicles, diameter of granulosa cell layer and oocytes, number of primordial and primary and growing follicles, while the number of atretic follicle is increased. Methoxsalen also significantly reduces circulating estrogen levels in blood serum of oogenesis Balb/C mice.  Methoxsalen dose-dependently stimulates a sustained increase in short-circuit current in the mouse jejunum. Methoxsalen increases the open probability of the basolateral IK(Ca) channel of isolated crypts in the mouse jejunum.  Methoxsalen effectively reverses trimethyltin (TMT)-induced memory impairment on both Y-maze and passive avoidance tests in mice. Methoxsalen inhibits brain AchE activity. Methoxsalen significantly ameliorates the level of oxidative stress. |
-  Zhang W, et al. Drug Metab Dispos,?001, 29(6), 897-902.
-  Mäenpää J, et al. Biochem Pharmacol, 1994, 48(7), 1363-1369.
-  Farhadi M, et al. Cell J,?014, 15(4), 348-355.
|In vitro||DMSO||43 mg/mL (198.89 mM)|
|Ethanol||5 mg/mL (23.12 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
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Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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