For research use only.
Catalog No.S4251 Synonyms: ENT 38
CAS No. 92-84-2
Phenothiazine (ENT 38) is a dopamine-2 (D2) receptor antagonist therefore decreases the effect of dopamine in the brain.
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Choose Selective Dopamine Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Phenothiazine (ENT 38) is a dopamine-2 (D2) receptor antagonist therefore decreases the effect of dopamine in the brain.|
Phenothiazines mostly substitutes at position 10 with the dialkylaminoalkyl groups and additionally at position 2 with small groups exhibit valuable activities such as neuroleptic, antiemetic, antihistaminic, antipuritic, analgesic and antihelmintic. 2-trifluoromethyl-10-(4-aminobutyl)phenothiazine inhibits S. cerevisiae strains and T. mentagrophites with MIC of 0.4 μg/mL and 1.5 μg/mL, respectively. 10-carbamoylalkylphenothiazines shows significant activities against Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis with MIC’s in the range of 7.8 μg/mL–30 μg/mL. The tetracyclic phenothiazines (modified with the naphthoquinone ring) shows significant actibacterial activity against S. aureus with the MIC50 of 12.5 μg/mL. Phenothiazines with the butylene linker are more effective than with the propylene linker, the 2-chloro-10-chloroethylureidobutyl derivative giving GI50 of 1.4 μM and 1.6 μM against 4 leukemia cell lines and 7 colon cancer cell lines. 10-Amino(hydroxy)propylphenothiazines (5 μM) induces a marked G2/M phase of cell-cycle arrest followed by cell death in human transformed WI38VA cells after 2-day incubation.  Phenothiazine drugs undergo extensive metabolism in the body before being excreted, mainly ring hydroxylation, ring sulphoxidation, N-demethylation, N-oxidation, sulphate and glucuronide conjugation. Phenothiazines have considerably lower binding affinities to α2-adrenoceptors than to dopamine D2 receptors and al-adrenoceptors.  Phenothiazines have significant in vitro activity against susceptible, polydrug- and multidrug-resistant strains of M. tuberculosis, as well as enhancing the activity of some agents employed for first-line treatment. 
|In vitro||DMSO||40 mg/mL (200.73 mM)|
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In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
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|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
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