Phenothiazine

Catalog No.S4251 Synonyms: ENT 38

Phenothiazine Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 199.27

Phenothiazine is a dopamine-2 (D2) receptor antagonist therefore decreases the effect of dopamine in the brain.

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Biological Activity

Description Phenothiazine is a dopamine-2 (D2) receptor antagonist therefore decreases the effect of dopamine in the brain.
Targets
D2 receptor [2]
In vitro

Phenothiazines mostly substitutes at position 10 with the dialkylaminoalkyl groups and additionally at position 2 with small groups exhibit valuable activities such as neuroleptic, antiemetic, antihistaminic, antipuritic, analgesic and antihelmintic. 2-trifluoromethyl-10-(4-aminobutyl)phenothiazine inhibits S. cerevisiae strains and T. mentagrophites with MIC of 0.4 μg/mL and 1.5 μg/mL, respectively. 10-carbamoylalkylphenothiazines shows significant activities against Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis with MIC’s in the range of 7.8 μg/mL–30 μg/mL. The tetracyclic phenothiazines (modified with the naphthoquinone ring) shows significant actibacterial activity against S. aureus with the MIC50 of 12.5 μg/mL. Phenothiazines with the butylene linker are more effective than with the propylene linker, the 2-chloro-10-chloroethylureidobutyl derivative giving GI50 of 1.4 μM and 1.6 μM against 4 leukemia cell lines and 7 colon cancer cell lines. 10-Amino(hydroxy)propylphenothiazines (5 μM) induces a marked G2/M phase of cell-cycle arrest followed by cell death in human transformed WI38VA cells after 2-day incubation. [1] Phenothiazine drugs undergo extensive metabolism in the body before being excreted, mainly ring hydroxylation, ring sulphoxidation, N-demethylation, N-oxidation, sulphate and glucuronide conjugation. Phenothiazines have considerably lower binding affinities to α2-adrenoceptors than to dopamine D2 receptors and al-adrenoceptors. [2] Phenothiazines have significant in vitro activity against susceptible, polydrug- and multidrug-resistant strains of M. tuberculosis, as well as enhancing the activity of some agents employed for first-line treatment. [3]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 40 mg/mL (200.73 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 199.27
Formula

C12H9NS

CAS No. 92-84-2
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms ENT 38

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Dopamine Receptor Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID