Saikosaponin D

Catalog No.S5454

For research use only.

Saikosaponin D, a calcium mobilizing agent (SERCA inhibitor), is a type of Saponin derivative, which is a component extracted from Bupleurum falactum. Saikosaponin D has anti-cancer activities.

Saikosaponin D Chemical Structure

CAS No. 20874-52-6

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Biological Activity

Description Saikosaponin D, a calcium mobilizing agent (SERCA inhibitor), is a type of Saponin derivative, which is a component extracted from Bupleurum falactum. Saikosaponin D has anti-cancer activities.
Targets
SERCA [1]
In vitro

Saikosaponin D is a novel autophagic inducer that induces autophagy in various types of cancer cells through the formation of autophagosomes as measured by GFP-LC3 puncta formation. Saikosaponin D increases cytosolic calciumlevel via direct inhibition of sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ATPase pump, leading to autophagy induction through the activation of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase-AMP-activated protein kinase-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. Its treatment causes the disruption of calcium homeostasis, which induces endoplasmic reticulum stress as well as the unfolded protein responses pathway[1]. Ssd can exhibit anti-cancer activities, which is mediated by the induction of apoptosis and autophagic cell death regardless of p53 status. Low dose Ssd is capable of sensitizing chremosensitive or chemoresistant lung and cervical cancer or hepatoma cells to anti-cancer drug- or radiation-induced apoptosis. Ssd also down-regulates PPM1D content, leading to the activation of Chk1, phosphorylation of Cdc25c and Cdk1, and subsequent G2/M arrest and apoptosis[2].

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:

[1]

  • Cell lines: HeLa and MCF-7 cells
  • Concentrations: 10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 1, 4, 8 and 24 h
  • Method:

    HeLa and MCF-7 cells were treated with Ssd (10 μM) for the indicated time, whereas rapamycin (100 nM) and thapsigargin (1 μM) were used as positive control. Cell lysates were harvested and analyzed by western blot for ER stress markers.

Animal Research:

[3]

  • Animal Models: Pathogen-free, BALB/C male mice aged 6-8 weeks old
  • Dosages: 1, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg
  • Administration: intramuscularly

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 780.98
Formula

C42H68O13

CAS No. 20874-52-6
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC1OC(OC2CCC3(C)C(CCC4(C)C3C=CC56OCC7(CCC(C)(C)CC57)C(O)CC46C)C2(C)CO)C(O)C(OC8OC(CO)C(O)C(O)C8O)C1O

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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