Catalog No.S4749 Synonyms: Nitalapram HBr, Prepram HBr, Bonitrile HBr, Lu 10-171 HBr
Molecular Weight(MW): 405.3
Citalopram HBr, an antidepressant, is an orally administered selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with IC50 of 1.8 nM.
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|Description||Citalopram HBr, an antidepressant, is an orally administered selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with IC50 of 1.8 nM.|
Citalopram (Lu 10-171), a new bicyclic phthalane derivative, is an extremely potent inhibitor of neuronal serotonin (5-HT) uptake but has no effect on the uptake of noradrenaline(NA) and dopamine (DA) and no antagonistic activity towards 5-HT, histamine, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), acetylcholine, and morphine receptors. It is an extremely specific and potent inhibitor of neuronal 5-HT uptake. Uptake mechanisms for other transmitter amines are not influenced by the drug. The SSRI citalopram has a greater effect on proliferation and a lesser effect on apoptotic activity. It affects cell cycle regulation by increasing proliferative potential and decreasing apoptotic activity in a site specific manner that may be indicative of hyperplasia. Citalopram alters FGF, MSX and TGFB expression in osteoblast cell culture.
|In vivo||Citalopram is devoid of cardiotoxic effects even when animals are exposed to concentrations far above the therapeutic level. In man citalopram is metabolized to compounds which are also potent 5-HT-uptake inhibitors without effect on noradrenaline(NA) uptake and which are found in lower concentrations than citalopram itself. Citalopram (1-16 mg/kg) stimulates the hind limb flexor reflex in the spinal rat. Citalopram potentiates 5-HT transmission~ possibly by producing very strong uptake inhibition without simultaneously blocking the post-synaptic 5-HT receptors.|
|In vitro||DMSO||81 mg/mL warmed (199.85 mM)|
|Water||81 mg/mL warmed (199.85 mM)|
|Ethanol||81 mg/mL warmed (199.85 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||Nitalapram HBr, Prepram HBr, Bonitrile HBr, Lu 10-171 HBr|
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