Catalog No.S4889 Synonyms: SM-9018 hydrochloride
Molecular Weight(MW): 463.04
Perospirone is an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic of the azapirone family that antagonizes serotonin 5HT2A receptors and dopamine D2 receptors. It also displays affinity towards 5HT1A receptors as a partial agonist.
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|Description||Perospirone is an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic of the azapirone family that antagonizes serotonin 5HT2A receptors and dopamine D2 receptors. It also displays affinity towards 5HT1A receptors as a partial agonist.|
In CHO cells expressing human 5-HT1A receptors, perospirone shows a high affinity (Ki = 0.72 nM), and exhibits partial agonistic efficacy. Perospirone changes epigenetic profiles of neural genes. It can cause DNA methylation changes in cell cultures. Perospirone is an inhibitor of Pgp which interferes directly and indirectly with the function of Pgp. The inhibition of Pgp by perospirone may cause clinically significant drug-drug interactions, especially in the tissue in which it accumulated.
|In vivo||Perospirone shows potent 5-HT2 and D2 receptor blocking activities in various animal models in vivo. Perospirone inhibits various dopaminergic behaviors (e.g. methamphetamine-induced hyperactivity and apomorphine-induced stereotypy or climbing behavior) in rodents. It also inhibits the rat conditioned avoidance response. In behavioral tests, perospirone markedly inhibits serotonergic behavior (e.g. tryptamine-induced clonic seizures, and p-chloramphetamine-induced hyperthermia) in rats. Perospirone has anxiolytic-like effects and mood stabilizing effects in various animal models. It inhibits motor coordination in a rota-rod test, and potentiates the duration of hexobarbital-induced anesthesia with ED50 values of 34 and 37 mg/kg (p.o.), respectively.|
|In vitro||DMSO||92 mg/mL (198.68 mM)|
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