For research use only.
Catalog No.S3821 Synonyms: Sanjoinine E, (-)-Nuciferine, VLT 049
CAS No. 475-83-2
Nuciferine (Sanjoinine E, (-)-Nuciferine, VLT 049) is a major active aporphine alkaloid from the leaves of N. nucifera Gaertn and possesses anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-hypotensive, anti-arrhythmic, and insulin secretagogue activities. Nuciferine is an antagonist at 5-HT2A (IC50=478 nM), 5-HT2C (IC50=131 nM), and 5-HT2B (IC50=1 μM), an inverse agonist at 5-HT7 (IC50=150 nM), a partial agonist at D2 (EC50=64 nM), D5 (EC50=2.6 μM) and 5-HT6 (EC50=700 nM), an agonist at 5-HT1A (EC50=3.2 μM) and D4 (EC50=2 μM) receptor.
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|Description||Nuciferine (Sanjoinine E, (-)-Nuciferine, VLT 049) is a major active aporphine alkaloid from the leaves of N. nucifera Gaertn and possesses anti-hyperlipidemia, anti-hypotensive, anti-arrhythmic, and insulin secretagogue activities. Nuciferine is an antagonist at 5-HT2A (IC50=478 nM), 5-HT2C (IC50=131 nM), and 5-HT2B (IC50=1 μM), an inverse agonist at 5-HT7 (IC50=150 nM), a partial agonist at D2 (EC50=64 nM), D5 (EC50=2.6 μM) and 5-HT6 (EC50=700 nM), an agonist at 5-HT1A (EC50=3.2 μM) and D4 (EC50=2 μM) receptor.|
Nuciferine inhibits the growth of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by inducing apoptosis and inhibiting proliferation via cell cycle arrest. Nuciferine inhibits the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand- (RANKL-) induced osteoclast differentiation in mouse bone marrow macrophage cells and mature osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. It reduces the viability of SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells and CT26 murine colon cancer cells, inhibits nicotine-induced non-small-cell lung cancer progression.
|In vivo||Nuciferine is found to decrease serum urate levels and improve kidney function, as well as inhibit system and renal interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion in potassium oxonate-induced hyperuricemic mice. Furthermore, nuciferine reverses expression alteration of renal urate transporter 1 (URAT1), glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9), ATP-binding cassette, subfamily G, membrane 2 (ABCG2), organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1), organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1), and organic cation/carnitine transporters 1/2 (OCTN1/2) in hyperuricemic mice. It also suppresses renal activation of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling and NOD-like receptor family, NLRP3 inflammasome to reduce serum and renal IL-1β levels in hyperuricemic mice with renal inflammation reduction.|
|In vitro||DMSO||2 mg/mL (6.77 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||Sanjoinine E, (-)-Nuciferine, VLT 049|
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