Catalog No.S1421 Synonyms: CGP 41251
Molecular Weight(MW): 466.53
Staurosporine is a potent PKC inhibitor for PKCα, PKCγ and PKCη with IC50 of 2 nM, 5 nM and 4 nM, less potent to PKCδ (20 nM), PKCε (73 nM) and little active to PKCζ (1086 nM) in cell-free assays. Also shows inhibitory activities on other kinases, such as PKA, PKG, S6K, CaMKII, etc. Phase 3.
Cited by 35 Publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective PKC Inhibitors
|Description||Staurosporine is a potent PKC inhibitor for PKCα, PKCγ and PKCη with IC50 of 2 nM, 5 nM and 4 nM, less potent to PKCδ (20 nM), PKCε (73 nM) and little active to PKCζ (1086 nM) in cell-free assays. Also shows inhibitory activities on other kinases, such as PKA, PKG, S6K, CaMKII, etc. Phase 3.|
Staurosporine, a microbial alkaloid, significantly inhibits protein kinase C from rat brain with IC50 of 2.7 nM. Staurosporine displays strong inhibitory effect against HeLa S3 cells with IC50 of 4 nM.  Staurosporine also inhibits a variety of other protein kinases, including PKA, PKG, phosphorylase kinase, S6 kinase, Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), CAM PKII, cdc2, v-Src, Lyn, c-Fgr, and Syk with IC50 of 15 nM, 18 nM, 3 nM, 5 nM, 21 nM, 20 nM, 9 nM, 6 nM, 20 nM, 2 nM, and 16 nM, respectively.  Staurosporine (1 μM) induces >90% apoptosis in PC12 cells. Consistently, Staurosporine treatment induces a rapid and prolonged elevation of intracellular free calcium levels [Ca2+]i, accumulation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), and subsequent mitochondrial dysfunction.  The apoptosis of MCF7 cells induced by Staurosporine can be enhanced by the expression of functional caspase-3 via caspase-8 activation and Bid cleavage.  Staurosporine treatment at 1 μM only partially inhibits IL-3-stimulated Bcl2 phosphorylation but completely blocks PKC-mediated Bcl2 phosphorylation.  Staurosporine induces apoptosis of human foreskin fibroblasts AG-1518, depending on the lysosomal cathepsins D mediated cytochrome c release and caspase activation.  In addition to activating the classical mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, Staurosporine triggers a novel intrinsic apoptosis pathway, relying on the activation of caspase-9 in the absence of Apaf-1. 
|In vivo||In the gerbil and rat ischemia models, Staurosporine pretreatment (0.1-10 ng) before ischemia prevents neuronal damage in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting the involvement of PKC in CAl pyramidal cell death after ischemia. |
Enzyme assay and binding assay:Protein kinase C is assayed in a reaction mixture (0.25 mL) containing 5 μmol of Tris/HCl, pH 7.5, 2.5 μmol of magnesium acetate, 50 μg of histone II S, 20 μg of phosphatidylserine, 0.88 μg of diolein, 125 nmol of CaCl2, 1.25 nmol of [γ-32]ATP (5-10 × 104 cpm/nmol) and 5 μg of partially purified enzyme. The binding of [3H]PDBu to protein kinase C is determined: Reaction mixture (200 μL contained 4 μmo1 of Tris/malate, pH 6.8, 20 μmol of KCl, 30 nmol of CaC12, 20 μg of phosphatidylserine, 5 μg of partially purified protein kinase C, 0.5% (final concentration) of DMSO,10 pmol of [3H]PDBu (l-3 × 104 cpm/pmol) and 10 μL of various amounts of Staurosporine.
-  Tamaoki T, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 1986, 135(2), 397-402.
-  Meggio F, et al. Eur J Biochem, 1995, 234(1), 317-322.
-  Kruman I, et al. J Neurosci Res, 1998, 51(3), 293-308.
-  Tang D, et al. J Biol Chem, 2000, 275(13), 9303-9307.
-  Deng X, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2000, 97(4), 1578-1583.
-  Johansson AC, et al. Cell Death Differ, 2003, 10(11), 1253-1259.
-  Manns J, et al. FASEB J, 2011, 25(9), 3250-3261.
-  Hara H, et al. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab, 1990, 10(5), 646-653.
|In vitro||DMSO||4 mg/mL (8.57 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.