Catalog No.S3706 Synonyms: MCI-9042
Molecular Weight(MW): 465.97
Sarpogrelate is a selective 5-HT2A antagonist with pKi values of 8.52, 7.43 and 6.57 for 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C and 5-HT2B receptors respectively.
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|Description||Sarpogrelate is a selective 5-HT2A antagonist with pKi values of 8.52, 7.43 and 6.57 for 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C and 5-HT2B receptors respectively.|
Sarpogrelate inhibits thrombus formation, lowers platelet aggregation, inhibits both serotonin-induced coronary artery spasm and contraction in porcine model as well as vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. Sarpogrelate exibit specificity toward 5-HT2 receptors, since it has lack of significant 5-HT1, 5-HT3, 5-HT4, α1-, α2- and β-adrenoreceptor, histamine H1, H2 and muscarinic M3 antagonistic activity. Sarpogrelate specifically inhibited the serotonin-induced cytokine trigger but did not influence platelet-derived growth factor–, endothelin–, or angiotensin II–induced cell proliferation. Sarpogrelate inhibited the serotonin-induced increase in intracellular free ionized calcium concentration, prevented mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, and down-regulated expression of the protooncogenes c-fos and c-jun. Sarpogrelate acted at the G1 phase of the cell cycle.
|In vivo||Sarpogrelate can fully protect albino BALB/c retinas, both structurally and functionally, from light-induced retinopathy. It is used clinically for the treatment of vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis. Sarpogrelate mitigates albuminuria in diabetic nephropathy by hindering glomerular platelet activation. Sarpogrelate ameliorates diabetic nephropathy not only by suppressing macrophage infiltration, but also by anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects.|
|In vitro||DMSO||93 mg/mL (199.58 mM)|
|Water||93 mg/mL (199.58 mM)|
|Ethanol||30 mg/mL (64.38 mM)|
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