For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 634.61
Novobiocin Sodium is an aminocoumarin antibiotic that targets bacterial DNA gyrase (TopoIV), used to treat susceptible gram positive bacteria.
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Cell viability and caspase 3/7 activity in MDA-MB-231 cells co-treated with carbenoxolone, novobiocin, ibrutinib and bisphosphonates. Cell viability (A) and caspase 3/7 activity (B) was determined after treatment with ZA (zoledronic acid), RIS (risedronate), IBN (ibandronate), ALN (alendronate) in combination with carbenoxolone, novobiocin and ibrutinib. All data are expressed as means of three different measure points of three independent experiments ± SEM and were normalized to BP treatment alone. Significances were calculated with the Mann Whitney U test (*p < 0.05; **p < 0.005).
Mol Cancer, 2014, 13(1):265.. Novobiocin Sodium purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Novobiocin Sodium is an aminocoumarin antibiotic that targets bacterial DNA gyrase (TopoIV), used to treat susceptible gram positive bacteria.|
Novobiocin also interacts with Hsp90, altering the affinity of the chaperone for geldanamycin and radicicol and causing in vitro and in vivo depletion of key regulatory Hsp90-dependent kinases including v-Src, Raf-1, and p185(ErbB2). Novobiocin interferes with association of the co-chaperones Hsc70 and p23 with Hsp90.  Novobiocin specifically inhibits the maturation of the heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase (HRI) in a concentration-dependent manner. Novobiocin induces the dissociation of Hsp90 and Cdc37 from immature HRI, while the Hsp90 cochaperones p23, FKBP52, and protein phosphatase 5 remained associated with immature HRI.  Novobiocin causes morphological and biochemical changes which lead to induction of cell death exhibiting characteristic features of metazoan apoptosis.  Novobiocin, a HSP90 inhibitor, could decrease the expression of SMYD3 and dose dependently inhibit the proliferation and migration of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Novobiocin can inhibit the migration of breast cancer cells and such event may involve the downregulation of SMYD3.  Novobiocin, an aminocoumarin antibiotic, interferes with heat shock protein 90 and hypoxia inducible factor dependent gene expression and thus compromises cell survival. Novobiocin (500 礛) results in a significant increase of [Ca(2+)]i, decrease of forward scatter, increase of annexin-V-binding and enhances ceramide formation. Novobiocin stimulates eryptosis, an effect at least in part due to entry of extracellular Ca(2+) and formation of ceramide. 
-  Marcu MG, et al. J Biol Chem,?000, 275(47), 37181-37186.
-  Yun BG, et al. Biochemistry,?004, 43(25), 8217-8229.
-  Singh G, et al. Mol Biochem Parasitol,?005, 141(1), 57-69.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (157.57 mM)|
|Water||100 mg/mL (157.57 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (157.57 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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